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environmentally induced cracking

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and poultice corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... that promote corrosion. The forms of corrosion covered are uniform corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, localized corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and grain boundary corrosion. The chapter discusses the influence of material and environmental variables on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... R.H. , Ed., TMS, Warrendale, PA , 2001 , p 123 • Jones R.H. , Li H. , and Hirth J.P. , “ Effects of Mixed Mode I/III Loading on Environmental-Induced Cracking ,” Corrosion , Vol 57 ( No. 1 ), 2001 , p 52 • Magnin T. , Tanguy D. , and Delafosse D...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Environmentally induced cracking Hydrogen damage Intergranular corrosion Dealloying/dezincification Erosion corrosion In addition, there are corrosion mechanisms that form subsets within each of the nine listed above. For example, microbiologically influenced corrosion typically manifests itself...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... failures in engineering materials that occur by slow, environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation is the result of the combined and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. Before SCC can be discussed in detail, several things must be clearly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... that induce SCC in copper-base alloys are discussed, along with cracking-related environmental factors, such as potential, pH, and temperature. The next section identifies SCC-susceptible copper-base alloys and metallurgical factors that affect SCC, such as microstructure, heat treatment, and cold working...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of corrosion can be detected (except possibly for SCC itself). As described elsewhere in this book, stress-corrosion cracking is defined as environmentally induced subcritical crack growth under the influence of static or dynamic tensile stress ( Ref 2.1 ). Three factors must be present, simultaneously...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and in refinery operations. Such environments can be divided into two major classifications: Cl − + H 2 S + CO 2 + elemental sulfur environments Other sulfur-containing environments (thiosulfate, tetrathionate, polythionic acid) Environmentally-induced cracking has been observed in the first type...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... microscopic examination nickel nickel alloys nondestructive evaluation stress-corrosion cracking titanium titanium alloys fractography STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) is a term used to describe service failures that occur by a process of environmentally induced crack initiation and propagation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... Matsushige K. , Radcliff S.V. , and Baer E. , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 10 , 1975 , p 833 10.1007/BF01163078 9. Schnabel W. , Polymer Degradation , Hanser International , 1981 10. Lochanski E.C. , Solvent-Induced Cracking Failure of Polycarbonate Ophthalmic Lenses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... reaches the crack tip, it can induce better plasticization locally, because the detergent activity is high. Furthermore, it has been shown that the environmental solution becomes more aggressive if the detergent concentration is beyond its critical micelle concentration. This is probably because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... , Vol 40 ( No. 1 ), 1984 , p 39 – 45 10.5006/1.3579294 9.18 Stampella R.S. , Procter R.P.M. , and Ashworth V. , Environmentally-Induced Cracking of Magnesium , Corros. Sci. , Vol 24 ( No. 4 ), 1984 , p 325 – 341 10.1016/0010-938X(84)90017-9 9.19 Lynch S.P...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... initially interpreted as inducing a form of cracking that would not occur in its absence, radiation is now more broadly viewed as an accelerant of the environmental cracking process, as shown schematically in Fig. 6.1 . Several reviews of IASCC have been written ( Ref 6.1 , 6.3 – 6.5 ); this chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... ). It has been found that, in these environments, increasing the temperature to 80 °C increases susceptibility to SCC ( Ref 4.102 ), and that SCC is more severe in transverse specimens than in longitudinal specimens ( Ref 4.102 ). Mechanistic assessments suggest that the environmentally induced cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of Spherulitic Size on the Environmental Stress Cracking of Low Density Polyethylene , Makromol. Chem. , Vol 181 , 1980 , p 1121 – 1126 10.1002/macp.1980.021810517 39. Reimschuessel A.C. and Kim Y.J. , Stress Cracking of Nylons Induced by Zinc Chloride Solutions , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... behavior can be obtained by comparing indentation-induced crack lengths in water to those in a more moisture-free environment, such as dry silicone oil. Under some circumstances, quantitative measures of environmentally enhanced crack growth can be obtained in this way ( Ref 14.13 ). As noted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... microstructural changes such as the formation of coherent precipitates. These increases in strength make the materials inherently more susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking; however, the quench-induced residual stresses that frequently drive the cracking processes are also progressively relieved during...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and environmental approaches, and chemical and composition analysis for assessing material characteristics. This chapter is a detailed account of the working principle and the steps involved in these techniques and technologies. analytical equipment chemical analysis composition analysis dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Steels Low-Alloy Steels Corrosion Considerations for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Weldments Classification of Steels and Their Welding Characteristics Corrosion of Carbon Steel Weldments Environmentally Assisted Cracking (EAC) Hydrogen-Induced Cracking...