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environmentally induced cracking

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion. uniform...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... with important fracture features. stress-corrosion cracking crack initiation crack propagation crack growth rate STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) describes service failures in engineering materials that occur by slow environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... failures in engineering materials that occur by slow, environmentally induced crack propagation. The observed crack propagation is the result of the combined and synergistic interaction of mechanical stress and corrosion reactions. Before SCC can be discussed in detail, several things must be clearly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... Therefore, as soon as a micelle reaches the crack tip, it can induce better plasticization locally, because the detergent activity is high. Furthermore, it has been shown that the environmental solution becomes more aggressive if the detergent concentration is beyond its critical micelle concentration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... the influence of material and environmental variables on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and the mechanisms proposed for SCC in stainless steel, comparing the mechanism of SCC with hydrogen embrittlement. In addition, it provides information on biocorrosion and microbiologically induced corrosion in ambient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... commonly referred to forms of aqueous corrosion ( Ref 3 ): Galvanic corrosion Uniform corrosion Crevice corrosion Pitting corrosion Environmentally induced cracking Hydrogen damage Intergranular corrosion Dealloying/dezincification Erosion corrosion In addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... initially interpreted as inducing a form of cracking that would not occur in its absence, radiation is now more broadly viewed as an accelerant of the environmental cracking process, as shown schematically in Fig. 6.1 . Several reviews of IASCC have been written ( Ref 6.1 , 6.3 – 6.5 ); this chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Induced by Zinc Chloride Solutions , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 13 , 1978 , p 243 10.1007/BF00647767 40. Lustiger A. , Environmental Stress Cracking, the Phenomenon and Its Utility , Failure of Plastics , Brostow W. and Corneliussen R.D. , Ed., Hanser-Verlag , 1986 41...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... microstructural changes such as the formation of coherent precipitates. These increases in strength make the materials inherently more susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking; however, the quench-induced residual stresses that frequently drive the cracking processes are also progressively relieved during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... produce immediate failure. It describes crack growth mechanisms, explains how to measure crack growth rates and predict time to failure, and provides crack growth data for a number of materials and environments. ceramics environmentally enhanced crack growth glass stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... classifications: Cl − + H 2 S + CO 2 + elemental sulfur environments Other sulfur-containing environments (thiosulfate, tetrathionate, polythionic acid) Environmentally-induced cracking has been observed in the first type of environment, both at low and high temperatures. However, in low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... be induced by any of several causes influencing the valve seating surfaces. Structural failures can be induced by porosity, cracks, foreign object damage, and other factors. All of the aforementioned are susceptible to contaminants, design, material compatibility, and environmental factors. Example...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... of corrosion can be detected (except possibly for SCC itself). As described elsewhere in this book, stress-corrosion cracking is defined as environmentally induced subcritical crack growth under the influence of static or dynamic tensile stress ( Ref 2.1 ). Three factors must be present, simultaneously...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... that induce SCC in copper-base alloys are discussed, along with cracking-related environmental factors, such as potential, pH, and temperature. The next section identifies SCC-susceptible copper-base alloys and metallurgical factors that affect SCC, such as microstructure, heat treatment, and cold working...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... microscopic examination nickel nickel alloys nondestructive evaluation stress-corrosion cracking titanium titanium alloys fractography STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) is a term used to describe service failures that occur by a process of environmentally induced crack initiation and propagation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., no shattering will occur. The converse of this event is also true; that is, shattering does not occur in the absence of stress with solvent exposure. However, when PC material is stressed in the presence of a solvent environment, solvent-induced or environmentally induced cracking can occur, resulting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... cracking (SSC). These three descriptors essentially refer to the same basic process. Because the term hydrogen embrittlement has been, by far, the most widely used term in the published literature, it is used for the purposes of this review. It should be noted here that hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... in which hypothesized failure causes are induced by aging, repetitive temperature cycling, or exposure to humidity, ultraviolet radiation, or high or low temperatures. Most commercial testing facilities offer environmental and accelerated aging tests to evaluate these hypothesized failure causes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., etc. Ductility decreases, cracking Stress corrosion cracking All steel Prolonged exposure to a material-specific aggressive environment and sustained tensile stresses Brittle fracture Liquid metal induced embrittlement All steel Molten low- T M metal exposure Ductility decreases...