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environmental impact assessment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... plastics ( Ref 4 ). These parameters have a significant impact on the entirety of characteristics of a plastic resin, including mechanical, physical, and chemical resistance properties. Molecular weight assessment can be used to evaluate the characteristics of a base resin or to assess the effects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... the following aspects: Reducing consumption of steel Reducing pollution Recycling Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a method of accounting for the environmental performance of a product by assessing its total GHG emissions associated with its entire life cycle. For automobiles, this includes all...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article discusses the chemical susceptibility of a polymeric material. The discussion covers significant absorption and transportation of an environmental reagent by the polymer; the chemical susceptibility of additives; and thermal degradation, thermal oxidative degradation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Abstract Abstract The ability to accurately assess the remaining life of components is essential to the operation of plants and equipment, particularly those in service beyond their design life. This, in turn, requires a knowledge of material failure modes and a proficiency for predicting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... analysis tools, process assessments, and environmental evaluations. Electrical and electronic subassemblies and components can be evaluated by replacing the suspect item with a known good one. The failure analysis team can use smell and visual examinations to determine if components were subjected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter examines methods of internal corrosion prediction for multiphase pipelines and details methodologies to perform internal corrosion direct assessment for natural gas pipelines. Further, real-time monitoring techniques for assessing actual corrosion at critical locations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... , and hydrofluorocarbons) that affect the environment and cause environmental impacts over the whole life cycle of the vehicle. Assessing greenhouse gas emissions of a vehicle requires understanding its life cycle stages, which includes all emissions from any process to produce, use, and retire the vehicle. Carbon dioxide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for the Assessment of NDT in Industry ,” AEA Technology, Health and Safety Executive (UK) HSE , 1999 20. Model Code of Safe Practice for the Petroleum Industry, Part 12: Pressure Vessel Systems Examination , 2nd ed. , Institute of Petroleum , 1993 21. Model Code of Safe Practice for the Petroleum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and arsenates. (It should be noted that environmental concerns have significantly impacted the use of chromates.) The organic inhibitors are many and include amines, heterocyclic nitrogen compounds, sulfur compounds (such as thioethers, thioalcohols, thioamides, thiourea, and hydrazine), some natural compounds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... decisions are complicated by the interconnected nature of material properties, design geometry, and manufacturing requirements and effects. The chapter also assesses the design impact of several materials and discusses codes, standards, and specifications. material selection THE ROLE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... or service-induced flaws, it is essential that blade materials have adequate impact toughness. Because impact toughness is subject to in-service degradation, periodic assessment of this property is an essential part of any life-assessment strategy. Future trends in turbine usage also dictate the need...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... for predicting plastic part performance (stiffness, strength/impact, creep/stress relaxation, and fatigue) integrated with manufacturing concerns (flow length and cycle time) are demonstrated for design and material selection. plastics material selection materials design plastic parts stiffness impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... analytical modeling and prediction techniques, accurate life-assessment methods, and a fortified commitment to avoid the recurrence of these failures through improved designs. The examples cited in Table 1 were serious and often tragic failures that had a great impact on structural designs and life...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... cyclohexane. On Jan. 2, 1988, a 4 million gallon oil storage tank collapsed during the first filling after a reconstruction, producing a major environmental impact. The tank was first built in 1940, dismantled in 1986 leaving the old welds in place, and reconstructed in 1987, radiographed and leak tested...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... or suspension, such as a lubricant for example. More than one type of wear can attack the same component. Examples include erosive wear and abrasive wear on extrusion machine screws used in the production of plastics, or sliding wear and impact wear on components used in printing presses. Sometimes wear can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the most common causes and contributing factors for external corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking on oil and natural gas pipelines, as well as describes procedures for prevention, mitigation, detection, assessment, and repair. The forms of external corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... compression, bolt bearing, impact and compression after impact, and sometimes fracture toughness. Adhesive bonding test procedures include measurement of adhesive shear strength, measurement of peel strength, and tests to assess the quality of bonding to sandwich cores. In this chapter, only a brief...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... design Eyring models failure analysis outlier screening power law models quality reliability statistical distribution Although failure analysis serves to determine the cause and impact of failures with an eye to appropriate corrective action, it is worth noting that this activity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract This chapter targets areas that determine if a change occurred and if the change induced the failure: change or what's different analysis. It describes the different sources of changes that induce process deficiencies: design, process, test and inspection, environmental, supplier lot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... documented in the range of $35 to $50 million. Based on the current assessment of corrosion costs, the total annual direct cost of corrosion is estimated at $3.7 billion. Of this total, maintenance-related expenses are estimated at $1.8 billion, vessel turnaround expenses at $1.4 billion, and fouling costs...