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environmental degradation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the conditions under which environmental degradation is likely to occur in polymer matrix composites and the potential damage it can cause. It discusses the problems associated with moisture absorption and exposure to solvents, fuels, ultraviolet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract All materials are susceptible to corrosion or some form of environmental degradation. Although no single material is suitable for all applications, usually there are a variety of materials that will perform satisfactorily in a given environment. The intent of this chapter...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 29 Typical CERT and SSRT results showing (a) material susceptibility to environmental degradation and (b) material compatibility with the environment More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...), fatigue, excessive loading, and combinations of these environmental conditions. This chapter discusses the effects of heat, ultraviolet-light, and atomic oxygen on composite materials. atomic oxygen polymer composites surface degradation Polymer composite materials are subject to degradation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the chemical susceptibility of a polymeric material. The discussion covers significant absorption and transportation of an environmental reagent by the polymer; the chemical susceptibility of additives; and thermal degradation, thermal oxidative...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... exposed to ionizing irradiation ( Ref 6.1 – 6.5 ). This broad interpretation attributes to IASCC all instances of environmental cracking accelerated by radiation, whether acting singly or conjointly in altering water chemistry, material microchemistry, material hardness, creep behavior, and so on. While...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... to polymers, it covers general characteristics, viscoelastic properties, and static strength. It also discusses fatigue life, impact strength, fracture toughness, and stress-rupture behaviors as well as environmental effects such as plasticization, solvation, swelling, stress cracking, degradation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an introduction to various forms of corrosion, namely uniform corrosion, localized corrosion, mechanically assisted degradation, environmentally induced cracking, microbiologically influenced corrosion, and metallurgically influenced corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract Hydrogen damage is a form of environmentally assisted failure that results most often from the combined action of hydrogen and residual or applied tensile stress. This chapter classifies the various forms of hydrogen damage, summarizes the various theories that seek to explain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to degradation in plastics include temperature variations, moisture, sunlight, oxidation, microbiologic attack, and other environmental elements. The article also describes the tests used to predict the behavior of a plastic material to outdoor exposure, discussing the use of xenon arc lamp for the weatherometer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... Status and Future Trends , Materials Research Society Bulletin , July 2000 , p 17 10.1557/mrs2000.119 [2] Kutz Meyer , Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials , Oxford : William Andrew/Elsevier , 2012 [3] Dorfman M. and Sharma Challenges...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... where SCC may be expected. References References 1. Lai G.Y. , High-Temperature Corrosion of Engineering Alloys , ASM International , 1990 2. Gleeson B. , High-Temperature Corrosion of Metallic Alloys and Coatings , Corrosion and Environmental Degradation , Vol II...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (such as chlorides, bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... fabrication and testing. In this chapter the static, fatigue, and damage tolerance properties of glass, aramid, and carbon fiber systems will be examined. In addition, the effects of some important types of defects will be discussed. The details of environmental degradation on properties are further...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract Uranium alloys are used in applications requiring dense metals, but they have little resistance to oxidation and corrosion and are susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking, particularly when processed to high strength levels. This chapter describes the conditions under...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... induced by exposure to sunlight in the open air. Mechanochemical, biochemical, hydrolytic, and air pollution induced degradation are not discussed. It is recognized that these other environmental factors can influence the rate of photochemistry ( Ref 6 ). Elementary aspects that are discussed include...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... steel is produced in electric arc furnaces. In the process, flue dust with high zinc contents is treated to recover zinc. Lead battery plates are melted, refined, and recycled. The plastic case is shredded and recycled. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that approximately 80...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., creep rupture, environmental stress cracking, molecular degradation, and fatigue. In the case of failure involving fracture, the determination of the failure mode involves identifying how the crack initiated and how it subsequently extended. This is usually ascertained using a number of visual-based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses design and certification considerations, including materials and process selection, the building block approach to certification, design allowables, and design guidelines. It also includes information on damage tolerance and environmental sensitivity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the effect of composition on environmental resistance, machinability, and casting and forging, factors that are often considered when selecting a superalloy. environmental resistance materials selection superalloys THE EFFECT OF COMPOSITION...