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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and environmental approaches, and chemical and composition analysis for assessing material characteristics. This chapter is a detailed account of the working principle and the steps involved in these techniques and technologies. analytical equipment chemical analysis composition analysis dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
...) Solution-annealed AISI type 304 stainless steel tested at 650 °C (1200 °F). Source: Ref 5.22 Abstract This chapter compares and contrasts empirical approaches for partitioning hysteresis loops and predicting creep-fatigue life. The first part of the chapter presents experimental partitioning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... into the categories of fracture, fatigue, environmental cracking, and high-temperature creep. This article discusses each of these categories, as well as the benefits of a fitness-for-service approach. brittle fracture buckling corrosion ductile fracture environmental cracking fatigue fitness-for-service...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses design and certification considerations, including materials and process selection, the building block approach to certification, design allowables, and design guidelines. It also includes information on damage tolerance and environmental sensitivity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This chapter presents a fracture-mechanics-based approach to damage tolerance, accounting for mechanical, metallurgical, and environmental factors that drive crack development and growth. It begins with a review of stress-intensity factors corresponding to a wide range of crack...
Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 61 Typical fatigue behavior in an aggressive environment compared with fatigue behavior in an inert environment or at high frequency. (a) Data plotted as S - N curves. (b) Data plotted as the crack-growth rate vs. stress-intensity range. The environmental influence is most pronounced More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., where the aggressive environment is sorbed more. Inhomogeneous swelling leads to a higher plasticization efficiency at the highly swollen regions, resulting in a reduced flow stress of the material. It has been suggested that the fracture mechanics approach can describe the environmental crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... failure as a basic failure event (a circle) going into the OR gate. The failure analysis team should also search for other secondary events, environmental conditions, or human errors that can induce the command event. This search for secondary events, environmental conditions, and operator error...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... test; that is, the yield point was more closely reached by the less stiff, low-density material in the constant tensile load test. In contrast, the yield point was not even approached in the stiffer, high-density material under the same loading conditions. Fig. 11 Environmental stress-crack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and verification, circuit performance, mechanical failures, materials compatibility, and environmental factors. Examples that illustrate the value of design analysis are also presented. defects design analysis failure analysis IN SOME CASES, the failure analysis team finds that all components meet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Uranium alloys are used in applications requiring dense metals, but they have little resistance to oxidation and corrosion and are susceptible to environmentally assisted cracking, particularly when processed to high strength levels. This chapter describes the conditions under which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... approaching critical size Criteria based on destructive evaluation Metallographic or mechanical testing indicates life exhaustion Examples of circumstances governing crack-initiation- and crack-propagation-controlled failures Table 1.5. Examples of circumstances governing crack-initiation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... on different mechanical approaches emerged. One technique tests and analyzes statically loaded, mechanically precracked test specimens by using linear elastic fracture mechanics concepts. The second technique consists of constant (slow)-strain-rate tests on smooth or precracked specimens. Laboratory testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
.... The chapter also provides information on recycling and the economics of AHSS. advanced high-strength steels metal recycling economics sustainability SUSTAINABILITY is a complex combination of an interdependent global system comprising of economic, social, political, and environmental entities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-intensity levels (stage 2), the crack propagation rate approaches some constant velocity that is virtually independent of the mechanical driving force. This plateau velocity, V plateau , is characteristic of the alloy-environment combination and is the result of rate-limiting environmental processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
.... In addition to the product and service provided, the customer considers the social and corporation aspects of the company. This includes the social politics, integration into the region, and environmental issues. The quality of a company is the sum of these properties. It can be used as a yardstick...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract The basic concept for most methods of corrosion protection is to remove one or more of the electrochemical cell components so that the pure metal or metal alloy of interest will not corrode. Another widely used corrosion protection approach is to change the nature of the anode so...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Abstract Fracture mechanics is a well-developed quantitative approach to the study of failures. This chapter discusses fracture toughness and fracture mechanics, linear-elastic fracture mechanics, and modes of loading. The discussion also covers plane strain and stress and crack growth kinetics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract This chapter targets areas that determine if a change occurred and if the change induced the failure: change or what's different analysis. It describes the different sources of changes that induce process deficiencies: design, process, test and inspection, environmental, supplier lot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... applications. It has successfully replaced iron and steel over the years, bringing economic and environmental benefits to many industries. Aluminum applications have grown steadily over a decade and continue to lead other materials in automotive, household appliances, garden and agricultural powertrain...