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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the most common micro-analytical technique in the failure analysis laboratory: energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It discusses the general characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of some of the X-ray detectors attached to the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents in the Work Environment The regulatory requirement for management of the beryllium hazard was initially defined by the Atomic Energy Commission in 1949 and set at a permissible exposure limit (PEL) of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract Ultrasonic inspection is a nondestructive method in which beams of high frequency acoustic energy are introduced into a material to detect surface and subsurface flaws, to measure the thickness of the material, and to measure the distance to a flaw. This chapter begins with an overview...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., ram velocities, and energy and stiffness requirements. It also includes information on gravity- and power-drop hammers and where and how they are typically used. gravity-drop hammers hydraulic presses mechanical presses power-drop hammers screw presses References [Altan...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... the events that are contributing to sintering densification, followed by a discussion on the driving forces, such as surface energy, and high-temperature atomic motion as well as the factors affecting these processes. The process of microstructure evolution in sintering is then described, followed by...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Hazard Associated with Fabricating Beryllium-Copper Alloys ,” UCRL-52258, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , Livermore, CA 10.2172/7097955 Stange A.W. , Furman J.F. , and Hilmas D.E. , 2004 . The Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Test: Relevant Issues in Beryllium Health...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... high temperatures. Thermal vibrations cause atoms to be displaced from their normal positions. Atoms in solid solution have the same effect. Because the valence electrons are mobile, they can absorb energy from photons, increasing their energy but immediately dropping back to a lower energy state and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... hazardous. The 1.06 μm wavelength laser beam can permanently blind a human. For this reason, some military lasers convert the laser energy to a nonhazardous 1.54 μm wavelength for training exercises. The LANTIRN laser system accomplishes the wavelength shift with the use of a device called a Raman cell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... scanning electron microscope (SEM), which typically includes x-ray instrumentation for chemical characterization by energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). In addition, other analytical techniques are available, either through an in-house laboratory or from an outside service laboratory. The most common...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... in Chapter 2, “Common Causes of Failures.” The process used for making caprolactam before the disaster occurred was oxidation of cyclohexane, which is a highly inflammable and very hazardous material to handle. When copious amounts of hot cyclohexane escaped to the atmosphere due to the bursting of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... could cause a broken slide, which presented a hazard to the shooter. The Army’s interim corrective action was to limit the number of rounds fired by each M9 handgun. The longer-term solutions included replacing the defective slides and making changes to the process to prevent the metallurgical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... (135,000 mi) of hazardous liquid transmission pipelines, 34,000 km (21,000 mi) of crude oil gathering pipelines, 483,000 km (300,000 mi) of natural gas transmission pipelines, and 45,000 km (28,000 mi) of natural gas gathering pipelines in 2000 ( Ref 1 – 3 ). There were approximately 60 major natural gas...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Corrosion in Energy Systems , Rothman M.F. , Ed., The Metallurgical Society of AIME , 1985 , p 627 10. Susskind H. , Hill F.B. , Green L. , Kalish S. , Kukacka L. , McNulty W.E. , and Wirsing E. , Chem. Eng. Prog. , Vol 56 ( No. 3 ), 1960 , p 57...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... C C Can be automated Relatively high initial cost; radiation hazard Computed tomography Density variations, cracks, inclusions C C Can be automated; pinpoint defect location Extremely high initial cost; highly trained operator required; radiation hazard Gamma-ray density determination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... external loading. Among the most important parameters describing the condition of the surface layer are microstructure, degree of strengthening, state of stresses, and roughness. Other important parameters include texture, surface energy, and chemical composition ( Ref 2 , 3 ). In engineering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... , 1st ed. , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 196 – 208 2. Ruglic T. , Flame Hardening , Heat Treating , Vol 4 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1991 , p 268 – 285 3. Davis J.R. , Ed., Surface Hardening by Applied Energy , Surface Hardening of Steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... sometimes be achieved by the use of flux covers or by the use of inert gas atmospheres, argon and helium usually being satisfactory. Vacuum melting and heat treatment are hazardous from the standpoint of maintenance of composition unless the vapor pressures of all components concerned are very low. Vapor...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for Testing and Materials 18. Perteneder E. , Tosch J. , and Rabensteiner G. , “ New Welding Filler Metals for the Welding of Girth Welds on Pipelines of Corrosion-Resistant Cr-Ni-Mo-N-Duplex Steels ,” paper presented at the International Conference on Welding in Energy Related...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... 29 , 1965 . 96. Sax N. I. : Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials , 5th ed. , Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc. , New York , 1979 . 97. National Research Council : Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories , National Academy Press...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Third IEA International Workshop on Beryllium Technology for Fusion , Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Conference 98–01 ( Milo City, Japan ), p 93 – 101 Barker R.B. , “ Beryllium Braze-Welding Porosity and Arc-Parameter Studies ,” RFP-287, Internal Document, Rocky Flats Division...