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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the most common micro-analytical technique in the failure analysis laboratory: energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It discusses the general characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of some of the X-ray detectors attached...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and alloys. It also discusses corrosion protection methods for furnace waterwalls and superheater tubes in waste-to-energy boilers. corrosion corrosion protection superheaters waste incinerators waste-to-energy boilers 12.1 Introduction Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a combination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tm.t52320013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-357-7
... Abstract This chapter describes the basics of energy and entropy and “free energy.” Fundamentals of internal energy U , the enthalpy H , entropy S , free energies G , and F of a substance are presented. The chapter also presents the thermal vibration model to promote a better...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix contains metric energy conversions for J and ft-lb. This appendix is a reprint of a table giving energy value conversions. Reproduced from Metal Progress Databook , American Society for Metals, Metals Park, OH (1977). The full table is provided in the PDF...
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 2.3 Potential energy function for the bond energy in the metallic bond More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 5 Schematic of energy dispersive x-ray detector. Detector measures the energy of each incoming x-ray photon by counting the number of electron hole pairs it produces. A histogram is then developed and plotted of the x-ray energies of the many (typically tens to hundreds of thousands More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 16 (a) Bend strength and fracture energy (energy necessary to fracture the specimen) obtained in a static bend test. Four-point bend test with specimens of 5 mm (thickness) per 7 mm (width) cross section. Tested material is an 8% Cr cold work steel (brand name VF800AT, Ref 13 ), heat More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 1.1 Schematic of thermal activation energy using a mechanical energy analogy More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 5.2 Surface energy and grain boundary energy. If they are regarded as “surface,” the energy of “atom bonds” crossing the surface is calculated. If they are regarded as “thin films,” the energy of film “phase” is calculated. (a) Free bonds formed by cleavage. (b) Three-atom layer model More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 5.9 Free-energy and grain-boundary energy diagrams. (a) The parallel tangents law regarding grain-boundary segregation. (b) The relation of grain-boundary energy (σ A-X ) and grain-boundary segregation energy ( Δ E g b x ) More
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Published: 01 June 1983
Figure 2.6 Fermi-Dirac distribution function vs. the ratio energy/Fermi energy for T = 0 K and T = 0.1 T F . More
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Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 3.10 A combination of Fig. 3.8 and 3.9 : The molar free energy (free energy per mole of solution) for an ideal solution. Adapted from Ref 3.1 More
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Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 3.19 (a) Molar free-energy curve for the α phase. (b) Molar free-energy curves for α and β. Adapted from Ref 3.1 More
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Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 3.1 Gibbs energy (Δ G plotted against the interaction energy (W x ) for alloying elements added to steel. More
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Published: 01 December 1995
Fig. 6-24 Dynamic tear energy [5/8-in. (15.8-mm) specimen] and Charpy V-notch energy of cast HY-80 low alloy steel [specimens from 3-in. (76-mm) thick castings, quenched and tempered, UTS = 104 ksi (716 MPa)] ( 30 ). Conversion: 1 ft · lb = 1.36 J More
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Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. 11.26 Load-energy relationships in forming in a press. E p , energy required by process; L M , maximum machine load; E d , elastic deflection energy; d, press deflection. (a) With energy or load metering. (b) Without energy or load metering More
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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 4 The energy distribution of emitted electrons at (a) low beam energy (approximately 1 keV) and (b) a higher beam energy (approximately 5 keV) More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 12 Electron beam charging dependence on beam energy. More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 15 Same sample as Figures 13 and 14 using a 2.5 keV beam energy, which neutralizes the charge on the glass passivation. More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 4 Energy dispersive x-ray spectrum for a sample with InP, Al and O. More