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emulsions

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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 8.24: Mechanisms of emulsions in metal rolling. (a) The Plate-Out theory, where oil droplets are attracted and adhere to a metal surface, forming a coating; (b) the Dynamic Concentration Theory, with top and side views, showing the viscosity-driven entrainment of ol and rejection More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 8.32: Relative efficiencies of water, emulsions based on mineral oil, synthetic palm oils (oils A and B), and wax in rolling. (a) soft low-carbon steel strip; (b) fully hard strip. More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 8.25: Emulsion behavior in EHL point contact as a function of speed. At low speeds, the bearing acts like a fully flooded bearing lubricated by neat oil; at intermediate speeds, starvation associated with replenishment of the plated film occurs, referred to as Chiu-type starvation [ 95 More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 8.26: Film thickness developed in metal rolling of aluminum with an emulsion lubricant [ 73 ]. The rolling speed was (a) u = 0.127 m/s; (b) u = 0.254 m/s. More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 6.12: Oil-in-water emulsion stabilized with with an emulsifier, with detail of emulsifier. More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 5.27 The experiment on emulsion under microgravity. (a) Under gravity. (b) Immediately after stirring. (c) Under microgravity. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... involving plastics, emulsions, ceramics, and porous structures and foams. Improvements in the design processes have led to the development of functional structures, controlled porosity, and bioinspired structures. binder jetting bound-metal deposition fused-filament fabrication plastics emulsions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... lubricants (emulsions, synthetics, solutions); and a wide range of coatings and carriers. It also discusses solid-film lubricants (oxide films, polymer films, layer-lattice compounds) and environmental and safety concerns. aqueous lubricants coatings compounded lubricants greases metalworking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
Image
Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 13.43: Effects of fluid application on tool life in cutting of annealed 1045 steel (fluids: oil with HSS, 40:0 emulsion with WC). More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 8.14: Effects of percent reduction, velocity, and strip roughness on forward slip. (a) Rolling of annealed aluminum alloy 6061 lubricant viscosity was 0.53 Ns/m 2 at 38°C. [ 58 ]. (b) Rolling of ASTM A366 steel with a reduction of 50% in a 10% oil-in-water emulsion where the base oil More
Image
Published: 30 September 2023
% oil-in-water emulsion where the base oil kinematic viscosity was 35 mm 2 /s [ 59 ]. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... of cleanliness required and subsequent operations to be performed. Abrasive blasting produces the lowest degree of cleanliness. Solvent, solvent vapor degrease, emulsion soak, alkaline soak, alkaline electroclean, alkaline plus acid cleaning, and finally ultrasonics each progressively produces a cleaner surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... contaminants or semisolid contaminants such as grease or paints. Generally, the cleaner is a caustic sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution for steel. The part must be thoroughly rinsed and dried immediately after alkaline cleaning. Emulsion Cleaning Emulsion cleaning is used to remove organic surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... in application of oil-based or aqueous fluids (i.e., an emulsion) [ 75 ]. It can be applied to the die inlet, to the wire, and often also to the capstan, or the entire machine can be submerged in a bath. When the machine operates with slip, the lubricant must reduce wear of the capstan while maintaining some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... are most frequently used in turning superalloys. Water-based chemical emulsions have also proved acceptable. Supplying a constant flood of cutting fluid to the cutting area is frequently more important than the composition of the fluid. Sulfurized or chlorinated cutting oils, applied straight...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... residue in case of leakage. Despite these advantages, water has been replaced by oil and water/oil emulsions in hydraulic presses ( Table 12.1 ), mainly because the emulsions have higher corrosion resistance and better lubricity compared with water ( Ref 12.5 , 12.7 , 12.8 ). Properties of hydraulic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... from greasy fingers, provided all that was needed. One must not forget, though, that seed oils, animal oils, tallow, emulsions in the form of milk, and waxes were available in early antiquity. In the 5th century B.C ., Herodotus wrote about the extraction of bitumen and light oil from petroleum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... “ Laboratory Testing of Corrosion Inhibitors ” in this chapter). Emulsion Tendencies The application of the inhibitor must not cause secondary problems. Batch treatments have often caused emulsions of the hydrocarbons and water that, relative to normal operations, are extremely difficult to break...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... that is not absorbed by the object impinges on a detector such as film. The unabsorbed radiation exposes the film emulsion, similar to the way that light exposes film in photography. Development of the film produces an image that is a two-dimensional shadow picture of the object. Variations in density, thickness...