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emulsion cleaning

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... on the degree of cleanliness required and subsequent operations to be performed. Abrasive blasting produces the lowest degree of cleanliness. Solvent, solvent vapor degrease, emulsion soak, alkaline soak, alkaline electroclean, alkaline plus acid cleaning, and finally ultrasonics each progressively produces...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... . Procedure for removing scale from superalloys Table 11.2 Procedure for removing scale from superalloys Operation Time, min Temperature Solution Concentration °C °F Precleaning cycle Vapor degreasing 5–10 87–88 185–190 Stabilized trichloroethylene … Emulsion cleaning 10...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...-setting guage used in plunge grooving (dimensions in inches) Water-soluble oils in mixtures of 1 part oil with 20 to 40 parts water are most frequently used in turning superalloys. Water-based chemical emulsions have also proved acceptable. Supplying a constant flood of cutting fluid to the cutting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Treating Programs Pour Point Solubility Performance Emulsion Tendencies Characteristics of Fluids Temperature, Pressure, and Velocity Effects Cyclic Loading, Stress, and Wear Erosion and Abrasion Water Volume Continuous Treatment Intermittent Treatment of Gas Wells...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... In the zinc phosphate coating lubrication system, the basic workpiece material is first cleaned to remove grease and scales and then dipped in a zinc phosphate solution. Through chemical reaction, a zinc phosphate layer on the order of 5 to 20 μm is formed. The coated billets are then dipped in an alkaline...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... Sometimes a sample requires cleaning before its preparation (to remove oxidation, etc.). If the underlying surface is of interest (e.g., fracture surfaces), cleaning should be performed with special care. ASTM E3 ( Ref 2 ) gives guidelines about surface cleaning. Cutting usually is done with a saw...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... rate similar to that of water but are very difficult to use and produce inconsistent results. Oil-in-water emulsions are effective as a final coolant for tempered parts to provide a black surface and rust protection ( Ref 5 ). Oil quenching can produce a wide range of quenching characteristics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... in machining Code No. (a) Type of cutting fluid 1 Soluble oil-water emulsion (1:10) 2 Water-soluble waxes 3 Chemical coolants (synthetics, barium hydroxide) 4 Highly chlorinated oil 5 Sulfurized oil 6 Chlorinated oil 7 Sulfochlorinated oil 8 Rust-inhibitor types...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... in thiosulfate-nitrate reagent, using forceps, and move it slowly while immersed until surface turns dark blue. Wash thoroughly in a stream of water while rubbing gently to remove settled sulfur particles. Prepare surface as for macroexamination and clean scrupulously with solvents to remove grease...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... spectrometry) techniques, which showed that this layer consisted of oxygen-metal compounds plus sulfur or ammonium compounds, depending on whether polishing was conducted in an urban or a rural atmosphere. The chemical layer can be removed by ion bombardment. A clean metallic surface is obtained after removal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Molten deposits Condensation and dewpoint Control Surface cleaning and preparation Coatings Cathodic protection Inhibitors Inspection Planned maintenance Source: Ref 1 Specified requirements for alclad products Table 4 Specified requirements for alclad products...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...-cooled lance. When the blow is properly controlled (via adjustments of lance height and oxygen flow) an iron oxide–rich slag is produced, which is followed by the formation of an emulsion comprising liquid metal, slag, and gas. The refining reactions take place extremely rapidly in the emulsion. Blow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... or detergent; removing typical machine-shop soils such as cutting oils, polishing compounds, grease, chips, and deposits from electrical discharge machining; used when surface finish must be maintained; inexpensive Ultrasonic cleaning Typically used with detergent and water or with a solvent; removing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 0.8 30 10% (a) 38 100 400 16.0 30 0.25% (a) 95 205 76 3.0 10 2% (b) Boiling point Boiling point 125 5.0 17 7–8% (b) 60 140 125 5.0 A nitric-hydrofluoric acid solution, which is the final stage brightening in most alloy cleaning lines, should be maintained...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... coatings, for example, almost always require blast cleaning, while some alkyd and oil-base coating systems can be applied over rust, mill scale, or a poorly cleaned surface. In addition to being cleaned, the surface must be roughened to provide for a mechanical bond of the paint to the substrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... the use of a cutting fluid. These straight oils or water emulsions of mineral oil (~3%) and various additives are often used for a particular application. These fluids end up on ferrous machines, so aqueous cutting fluids require a rust inhibitor; sometimes, chlorine compounds are added for extreme...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... deformation (a) Total deformed layer (b) Type Grade Abrasive cutoff wheel Alumina A 60 DE wheel Proprietary oil-water emulsion 4 16 700 Hand hacksaw 18 t.p.i., roll-set blade Nil 100 55 750 Surface grinding Alumina 28A 46 KVBE wheel 0.001-in feed, machine surface grinding...