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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...) to lower cost and cold working of the tubing to achieve higher strength levels. Stringent emissions controls regulations, led in the United States by the state of California, have made manufacturers reexamine the suitability of polymeric fuel tanks. These tanks contribute more to the required maximum 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... crashes, how acoustic emission, ultrasonic, and eddy current sensors detect tool breakage and part defects such as cracks, and how roller ball and optical sensors measure material flow. It also discusses the role of draw-in, wrinkle, oil-monitoring, and vision sensors and explains how material properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the selection, use, and integration of methods to control process variables in induction heating, including control of workpiece and processing temperature and materials handling systems. The discussion of temperature control includes a review...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...) SEM image of a cross section through the defect site. Fig. 7 (a) Optical image, (b) and (c) fixed phase lock-in thermal images of an IC with a permanently applied supply voltage and a triggered control input. (c) is a contrast-enhanced presentation of (b) Fig. 8 (a) Optical image...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Illustration of technology node and device pitch. Figure 12 Spectral sensitivity of PEM detectors and silicon transmission for 10μm and 100μm thickness; after [8] . Figure 14 Backside photon emission (a) without SIL, refraction and total reflection at the silicon surface occurs (b...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Temperature is a critical process parameter in the heat treatment and forging of steel and must be accurately measured to properly control it. This appendix discusses the operating principles of thermocouples and infrared pyrometers, describing the various types as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Damage May damage active devices Non-destructive Comparison of electron sources. Table 2 Comparison of electron sources. Source W Hairpin LaB 6 Cold field emission Schottky field emission Vacuum (Torr) 10 -5 10 -7 10 -10 10 -8 Brightness (A/cm2-sr) 10 +5 10 +6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... in the affected vertical sector block Figure 1 A typical CSP in FBGA Package (left) and in WLCSP form (right). The cross-sectional images are shown below the corresponding package type. Figure 4 Comparison of photon emission site detected from the front side and the backside (much more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... is a percentage of the temperature reading, not of the range. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 3 An optical pyrometer. Courtesy of The Pyrometer Instrument Company Fig. 2 Ramp-soak, programmable, single-point temperature controller. Courtesy of Honeywell, Inc. Fig. 4 Components of a typical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... is heated to produce hot water, steam, superheated steam, or any combination of these under pressure by the application of heat. The necessary heat is produced by burning solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel under a controlled supply of air in the combustion chamber of the boiler. Thus, the boiler is an appliance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Capacitance measurements at each end of a TSV chain. An approximate location within the chain can be calculated by comparing the fail module to a control module. Table 1 Capacitance measurements at each end of a TSV chain. An approximate location within the chain can be calculated by comparing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... absorption (n-doped semiconductor). Figure 18 Comparison of 3-axis vs. 5-axis grinding. (Top) In 3-axis the contact angle is invariant and cannot follow the shape of a curved die, producing “saw teeth” that are several microns in size. (Bottom) 5-axis control changes the contact angle to follow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... discussed in the chapter are: collection of background information and sampling; preliminary laboratory examination; detailed metallographic and fractographic examinations; chemical analysis of corrosion products and bulk materials; corrosion testing for quality control; mechanical testing for quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... is less than a percent. Calculated from empirical formulas given by A. Falk in [7] . Figure 29 Emission spectra under reverse bias showing slight red shift near the 1.1um bandgap of silicon. Len WB, et. al., University of Singapore, ISTFA 2003. Figure 30 Rowlette reports red shift...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... with EOS failure signature, often in engine control electronics Charge generation within isolated mounted sensors Ladungsaufbau an isoliert montierten Bauelementen (z.B. Sensoren), joined into rubber pipes with strongly whirled air or liquid streaming. Discharge via cable into electronic systems Charging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes the procedures and processes used to chemically analyze beryllium samples. It discusses gravimetric, volumetric, colorimetric, and fluorometric techniques, radiochemical separation and assay, and the use of emission spectrometry and polarographic methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... . Aluminum advantages and applications Table 1.1 Aluminum advantages and applications Advantages Details Typical applications Mass reduction 30–35% over ductile iron or stamped steel. Advantages include: Improved fuel economy of vehicles Reduced emissions Superior ride handling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes some of the most effective tools for investigating boiler tube failures, including scanning electron microscopy, optical emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray photoelectron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Table 5 Comparison of selected surface analysis techniques Technique Probe radiation Analyzed emission Advantages Limitations X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA) X-rays Photoelectrons Nondestructive Depth profiles Oxidation states Quantitative Spot size ≥100 μm (3940 μin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Figure 11 Secondary electron voltage contrast of an inverter driver. The incident electron beam energy is 1.0keV. Figure 10 Optical infrared emission image using 3.0 N.A. lens, CAD layout and electron beam image of the same devices from the backside of the chip Figure 25...