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elongation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... The mechanical properties listed include yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and hardness. stainless steel density modulus of elasticity coefficient of thermal expansion thermal conductivity specific heat electrical resistivity yield strength tensile strength elongation hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract With cold work, mechanical strength (measured either by yield strength or ultimate tensile strength) increases and ductility (measured by elongation, reduction of area, or fracture toughness) normally decreases. This chapter discusses the mechanisms that produce these changes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... that a considerable amount of rubbing occurred after the shaft broke. SEM fractography revealed deformation marks and elongated dimples, typical of shear overloads, along with other details. Based on their analysis, investigators concluded that the cardan shaft failed under torsional overload. They also cited a need...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... location influence measured properties. It also provides information and data on the physical and mechanical properties of superalloys, particularly tensile strength, creep-rupture, fatigue, and fracture, and discusses related factors such as directionality, porosity, orientation, elongation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
..., properties, and performance. It includes images of elongated and equiaxed structures, primary alpha, transformed beta, and metastable phases as well as spheroidal and intergranular beta, alpha case, and intermetallic compounds. It also defines important terms and provides step-by-step procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
..., and heating and cooling profiles, affect strength, ductility, and corrosion resistance. It also provides an extensive amount of property data – including tensile and yield strength, elongation, hardness, and creep and stress rupture measurements as well as fatigue curves – for various grades of powder metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... of the casting alloy designation. The curves included are the results of measurements on individual lots considered representative of the respective alloys and tempers. The properties considered are yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, elongation, and Brinell hardness. aging response curves aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., resulting in the gradual elongation and eventual fracture of the test item. During this process, force-extension data, a quantitative measure of how the test item deforms under the applied tensile force, are usually monitored and recorded. The most important tensile test properties for the routine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... combination of high tensile strength exceeding 1000 MPa (145 ksi), a very high ductility of 60 to 90% elongation, and a high strain-hardening exponent, n , of 0.48. Twinning-induced plasticity steels have a low stacking fault energy (SFE) of ~30 mJ/m –2 , which produces extensive mechanical twinning under...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... that there has been extensive stretching, or elongation, of the grains of metal in the reduced area, particularly near the fracture. As noted above, shear stress dominates deformation and ductile fracture. In most cases, the 45° plane of maximum shear stress components is not obvious or readily observed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...-T7 Sand castings: typical tensile properties At temperature indicated At room temperature after heating Temperature Time at temperature, h Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation in 4 D , % Modulus of elasticity (a) Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation in 4 D , % °F °C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... pounds is applied to two rods of the same material, where one is thin and the other thick. The thin rod will elongate more. To compare their mechanical properties independent of rod diameter, engineers define a term called stress , which is simply the force divided by the cross-sectional area of the rod...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... strength, MPa (ksi) Elongation, % Modulus of elasticity, GPa (10 6 psi) Compressive strength, MPa (ksi) Modulus of rupture, MPa (ksi) Hardness Thermosets EP, reinforced with glass cloth 350 (51) … 175 (25) 410 (39) 485 (70) MF, alpha-cellulose filler 50–90 (7–13) 0.6–0.9 9 (1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... . An extensometer is attached to the specimen to measure the elongation over an original gage length, l 0 . Fig. 4.1 Tensile test specimen, according to ASTM E8 ( Ref 4.1 ) Fig. 4.2 Schematic of a fixture used in a tensile test During the test, the moving crosshead that is guided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... energy, ft-lbf Transverse rupture strength, 10 3 psi Compressive yield strength (0.1%), 10 3 psi Hardness, Rockwell HRB Fatigue strength 10 7 cycle, 10 3 psi Density, g/cm 3 Yield Ultimate Elongation (in 1 in.), % Ultimate strength, 10 3 psi Yield strength (0.2%), 10 3 psi Elongation (in 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... and typical property values for 400-series powder metal stainless steels. Table A2.1 Powder metallurgy material properties Minimum values Typical values (d) Material designation code (a) Strength (b) (c) , 10 3 psi Elongation (in 1 in.), % Tensile properties Elastic constants Unnotched...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... for a creep test is shown in Fig. 15.1 . Creep tests may be run for as short as several months to as long as 10 years. Creep tests are usually conducted at constant load rather than constant stress, and, as the specimen elongates, the cross-sectional area decreases, so the applied stress increases with time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... in), surface finish, near-net shape, and dimensional capability) Mechanical properties (statistical minimum elongation as a measure of crashworthiness >6%, yield and fatigue strength, and heat treatability) Tooling cost per piece (overall size: annual volume <50,000 pieces, annual volume...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , Cleveland, OH , Air Force Materials Laboratory The effect of temperature on moduli ( E and G ), yield and ultimate tensile (transverse and longitudinal) strengths, and elongation for grade S-200F is shown in Fig. 17.1 and 17.2 [ Brush Wellman 2001 ]. Corresponding stress-strain curves at three...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... easy and inexpensive to perform. The tensile properties of a material are determined by applying a tension load to a specimen and measuring the elongation or extension in a load frame, such as the one shown in Fig. 2 . The load can be converted to engineering stress ( s ) by dividing the load...