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electroslag remelting

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Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.72 Alumina inclusion from a steel ingot produced via electroslag remelting. The polygonal shape indicates that the inclusion has formed as a solid phase. These inclusions are frequently classified as type D according to ASTM E45 methods. SEM, SE. The steel was completely dissolved via More
Image
Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 4.21 Schematic of electroslag remelting More
Image
Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 10 Schematic of an electroslag remelting (ESR) furnace with multiple electrodes for large ingot production. Source: Ref 8 More
Image
Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-15 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an electroslag-remelted tool steel billet revealed light freckle segregation and a faint, discontinuous ring pattern. (Courtesy of M. H. Lasonde, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
Image
Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-16 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an electroslag-remelted tool steel billet revealed a well-developed ring pattern and a few randomly dispersed pits. (Courtesy of M. H. Lasonde, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... oxygen decarburization melting, vacuum induction melting, vacuum arc remelting, and electroslag remelting. It also addresses related issues such as consumable remelt quality, control anomalies, melt pool characteristics, and melt-related defects, and includes a section that discusses the processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract This chapter describes some of the more typical manufacturing practices, along with their benefits and limitations. The manufacturing practices covered include primary melting, electroslag remelting, rolling, hot and cold drawing, and continuous casting. The chapter discusses...
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.38 The evolution of the mechanical properties of a Ni-Cr-Mo-V steel electroslag remelted as a function of the degree of hot working (compare with Fig. 11.37 , obtained with a conventional ingot). Source: Ref 25 More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.14 Cross section equivalent to that of Fig. 11.12 in a forging with the same dimensions and made of the same steel obtained from an ingot processed by electroslag remelting (ESR). No macro-segregation is visible. Etchant: hot hydrochloric acid. More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
produced by electroslag remelting (ESR), with the same starting diameter and the same degree of hot working. In (a) and (b) the fragmentation and redistributions of the carbides caused by hot working can be observed. (c) Same steel produced by powder metallurgy and hot rolled. Uniform distribution More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... induction melting furnaces, and electroslag and vacuum arc remelting furnaces. It also covers casting, rolling, and annealing procedures and describes the basic steps in aluminum and titanium production. primary metal production rolling steel refining A GENERAL DIAGRAM for the production...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.59 Macrograph of the longitudinal plane of 18% Cr 18% Mn steel remelted via electroslag (ESR). “A” segregates or “freckles” are visible. Courtesy of A. Mitchell, University of British Columbia. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...) are achievable commercially. Use of VIM is generally limited to high-value, high-purity, or low-tonnage melts. Remelting Some stainless steels and related alloys are remelted to refine composition or ingot structure. There are two principal remelt processes: vacuum arc remelting (VAR) and electroslag...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... to that of Fig. 11.12 in a forging with the same dimensions and made of the same steel obtained from an ingot processed by electroslag remelting (ESR). No macro-segregation is visible. Etchant: hot hydrochloric acid. Fig. 11.15 Sulfur print from the same region as Fig. 11.14 . The cross section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., macro- and microsegregation, and hot cracking, as well as the effects of solidification and remelting on castings, ingots, and continuous cast products. It explains how to determine where defects originate in continuous casters and how to control alumina, sulfide, and nitride inclusions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... pattern. In addition, the use of manufacturing techniques other than traditional ingot casting, such as continuous casting, centrifugal casting, electroslag remelting, or hot-isostatic pressing, produce noticeably different as-cast patterns. Also, there is a wide variety of metalworking processes that can...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... and will become more random in nature. If an electroslag remelting cycle is used, a more random distribution of inclusions will result. The two kinds of nonmetallic inclusions that generally occur in metals are: Those that are entrapped in the metal inadvertently and originate almost exclusively from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... metals can be refined by various techniques after melting (such as ladle refining, for example) to remove dissolved gases and to bring the chemical composition of the alloy within acceptable, well-defined limits. There are also several remelting methods that are available, such as electroslag remelting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., which may be remelted several times to achieve the necessary properties. It also discusses the cause of defects and ingot imperfections and the benefits of billet reduction and grain-refinement processes. billets ingots mill products titanium alloys titanium sponge vacuum arc remelting...