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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract In a perfect crystalline structure, there is an orderly repetition of the lattice in every direction in space. Real crystals contain a considerable number of imperfections, or defects, that affect their physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. Defects play...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and thermal conductivities rely on the movement of free electrons, temperature is not the only factor that affects these properties. Anything that distorts the crystal structure, such as thermal vibrations of the ions, crystal vacancies and dislocations, grain boundaries, interstitial and solute ions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... resistance Improved wear resistance Reduced frictional energy losses Improved mechanical properties, for example, enhanced fatigue or toughness Improved electronic or electrical properties Improved thermal insulation Improved aesthetic appearance As indicated in Table 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
... heterocyclic chemical classes. Within the inhibitor family, particular molecular features often play a decisive role in corrosion-inhibiting properties. It has been proposed that molecules with an enhanced electron-donating property may promote an improved inhibiting effect (i.e., attaching electron-releasing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... that are currently considered to be metals. Fig. 1.1 Periodic table of the elements 1.1 Periodic Table In the periodic table, it is the number of electrons in the outer shell that affects the properties of the elements the most. Those elements that have the same number of electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.9781627084604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter provides perspective on the physical dimensions associated with the microstructure of steel and the instruments that reveal grain size, morphology, phase distributions, crystal defects, and chemical composition, from which properties and behaviors derive. The chapter also reviews...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... conduction. The heat transfer can then be treated as if only conduction were present. If the medium is not thick compared with the mean free path, the experimentally determined thermal conductivity is dependent upon thickness, and therefore, not solely a property of the material. Conduction by electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... ( Ref 3.2 ). The outer electrons in the unfilled shells are loosely bound to the atom and are called valence electrons. They largely determine the chemical and physical properties of the metal. The remaining electrons make up the stable core. Each element has a different number of electrons...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of the quantum mechanical model of the atom, which is what is used today. The number of electrons that occupy the outermost shells of an atom, which are also known as the valence electrons, greatly affect the resulting properties of that atom. Elements that have the same number of valence electrons tend...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter examines some of the behaviors that suit materials for electrical and electronic applications. It begins by explaining how charge carriers move in metals and semiconductors and how properties such as conductivity, mobility, and resistivity are derived. It discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... behavior and a relatively advantageous range of physical properties. Moreover, because hitherto the entire electronics and lighting industries had developed around this alloy system, all associated materials, components, and subsequent processes were developed to be compatible with its properties...
Image
Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 27.10 Effect of 205 °C (400 °F) aging on tensile properties of WE43A-T6. UTS, ultimate tensile strength; YS, yield strength. Courtesy of Magnesium Electron, Ltd . More
Image
Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 3.14 Effect of 204 °C (400 °F) aging on tensile properties of WE43A-T6. UTS, ultimate tensile strength; YS, yield strength. Courtesy of Magnesium Electron, Ltd. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... that this element has important effects on the properties of iron alloys. This observation gave rise to the main iron-based alloys: steels and cast irons. Iron and its alloys have been produced for many centuries by artisanal methods that have comprised many different processes for reducing iron (i.e. converting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... Definitions of terms that are germane to this discipline are provided in the section “ Terminology ” in this article in this Volume. Electrical Tests The following tests are commonly used in the electrical and electronics industry to determine the electrical properties of insulating materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... periodic table is shown in Fig. A.1 , highlighting the elements that are currently considered to be metals. Fig. A.1 Periodic table of the elements. Source: Ref A.1 A.1 Periodic Table In the periodic table, it is the number of electrons in the outer shell that affects the properties...
Book Chapter

By L. L. Sparks
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... of specific heat at low temperatures. electron distribution heat capacity lattice vibration spectrum phase transitions thermodynamics specific heat 2.1 Introduction Specific heat is a fundamental property that relates the total heat per unit mass added to a system to the resultant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Electronics spans a number of devices, their configurations, and properties. A challenge is to identify those electronic subjects essential for failure analysis. This article reviews the normal operation and terminal characteristics of MOSFET. It describes the electronic behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... coatings. The techniques covered are optical microscopy, X-Ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam machining, electron probe microanalysis, transmission electron microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction. The techniques also include electron channeling contrast imaging, X...