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electron fractography

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... bolts were removed and analyzed to determine the mode and cause of failure. Based on the results of macroscopy, scanning electron fractography, metallographic examination, and chemical analysis, the failures were caused by stress corrosion cracking, and in one case, overtightening. microstructural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and closes the doors to the undercarriage compartment. The failed component was removed from the aircraft and examined using optical and electron microscopes. Under low magnification, the fracture surface appeared jagged except for one corner that was relatively smooth. SEM fractography revealed the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... failure. aileron control cable scanning electron microscopy SEM fractography visual examination The aileron control cable of an aircraft had failed. It was found damaged. Investigation revealed that the cable had been damaged by a shearing tool. The cable controlling the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... chapter provides several recommendations to avoid such failures in the future. cadmium plating chemical analysis elevator hinge pins fractography hydrogen embrittlement scanning electron microscopy SEM fractography In an aircraft that was retrieved from the sea, the hinge...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... main rotor blade of a helicopter had developed cracks on the aluminum alloy skin. Visual and electron microscopic examination revealed that a fatigue crack had originated at the trailing edge of the blade on the sandwiched aluminum alloy center sheet on the underside of a rivet hole. Propagation of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and scanning electron microscopes. The microstructure was found to be satisfactory without any abnormalities ( Fig. CH11.5 ). Qualitative elemental analysis indicated that the alloy contained nickel, chromium, titanium, aluminum, iron, and molybdenum ( Fig. CH11.6 ). Metallographic examination of the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract During a routine preflight inspection of a piston aircraft engine, part of a cooling fin was found that had broken off the cylinder. The piece, made of aluminum-silicon alloy, was cleaned and examined. Based on the fracture characteristics revealed by an electron microscope, it was...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract The quill shaft in an aircraft engine was found in two pieces following a flameout. One piece was short, straight, and otherwise undamaged; the other piece was bent in several places as was the sleeve that covered it. The facture surface, as viewed under optical and scanning electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... electron microscopes, indicating that the operating loads on the bolts far exceeded the design loads. Based on their observations, which are summarized in the report, failure analysts concluded that the design of the connecting rod system needs to be reassessed. connecting rod bolts SEM fractography...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... material and the processing conditions of the blade were found to be satisfactory. Macro, micro, and electron fractographic investigations showed that the blade had failed by an impact load acting on its concave side. During the testing of an aircraft engine, a compressor blade fractured at the root...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... the investigation, which included the use of scanning electron fractography, along with recommendations on acceptable hole patterns for rivets. fatigue fracture fractography An aircraft was forced to land after the engine did not respond to throttle movement. The throttle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... concluded that the nickel-base superalloy blade was exposed to high temperatures and stresses, initiating a crack that propagated under cyclic loading. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation and the insights acquired using scanning electron fractography, metallography, and hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... subjected them to high stress concentrations in the fillet region. They also concluded that the intergranular nature of the fracture, as revealed by scanning electron fractography, pointed to hydrogen embrittlement as a contributing factor. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation along with a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., “Tensile Properties of Fiber-Resin Composites” and ASTM D 3410, “Compressive Properties of Unidirectional or Cross-Ply Fiber Resin Composites.” Following manufacture, environmental conditioning, and testing to failure, the fracture surfaces of the test specimens were examined in the scanning electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analysis is achievable from examining deformation events within the resolution of optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Irreversible deformation mechanisms in polymers may fall into two basic categories: dilatational, such as crazes, voids, and microcracks; or nondilatational, such as shear bands...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and electron microscopy. It presents a number of images recorded using these methods and explains what they reveal about the mode of fracture and the state of the component prior to failure. fractography microscopic examination macroscopy IN FAILURE ANALYSIS, examination is done at...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... permission of Springer Science and Business Media Generally, fracture surfaces that are invariably nonplanar are studied using the projected images formed in a scanning electron microscope (SEM), stereometry, and profile generation via serial sectioning. Individual projected features and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Damage , Wolfe Science Books , Vienna , 1981 One of the most useful tools in failure analysis is fractography, the study of fracture surfaces. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) can provide vast insight into failure mechanisms of polymers subjected to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... the system failed even though all parts in the system met their drawing requirements. The common failures discussed in this chapter include those associated with metallic components, composite materials, plastic components, ceramic components, and electrical and electronic components. ceramic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... overload conditions. It also recommends the use of twin suspension hooks to make attachment points more stable under difficult flight conditions. fractography scanning electron microscopy support structures visual examination In an aircraft carrying electronic pods, while...