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electron beam welding machines

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... of service failures. The discussion covers various factors that may lead to the failure of arc welds, electroslag welds, electrogas welds, resistance welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, friction welds, electron beam welds, and laser beam welds. corrosion deformation fracture inspection mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... can be detected with the straight-beam technique of ultrasonic inspection, provided the instrument has sufficient sensitivity and resolution. A 5 or 10 MHz dual-element transducer is normally used in this application. If the weld cannot be machined, near-surface sensitivity will be low because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of beam focus. Beam diameter measurements are complex, so the transfer of welding parameters between different units is very difficult. Instead, suitable welding parameters must be developed for each machine. This can be done with only a few trials. Electron beam weld passes that completely penetrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... and emitted x-rays and the methods used to access it, namely wavelength and energy dispersive spectroscopy and electron backscattering diffraction techniques. It also describes the role of focused ion beam milling in sample preparation and provides information on atom probes, atomic force microscopes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and electron beam welding. The welding operations should be designed to minimize heat input, thermal stresses, grain growth, and concentration of weld defects. Two principal concerns associated with the fusion welding of beryllium are the control of weld metal grain size and size of the heat-affected zone HAZ...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Surface Modification Laser and electron beams provide very high energy, directed sources of heat, and are used for many surface-modification techniques. Depending on power input, high-energy beams may be used for cutting and welding, surface melting and alloying, and localized surface heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... configuration. Process suitability must consider component size and shape. For example, will the component fit in an available electron beam welding (EBW) chamber or brazing furnace? If necessary, can the entire part be suitably protected from the atmosphere during a diffusion bonding or a fusion welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... weld of alpha-beta alloy Ti-6Al-4V. (a) 10×. (b) 240× Fig. 9.2 Macrograph showing columnar beta grains in a Ti-6Al-4V laser beam weld. 13× Fig. 9.3 Macrograph showing coarse prior-beta grain size in weld metal of an electron beam-welded Ti-6Al-4V forging Fig. 9.4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... (a) Widely welded but welds have low strength and care must be taken to avoid cracks Series 7000, Al-Zn-Mg Resistance, MIG, TIG Thick sections As welded or reheated (a) Can be welded, structures with high mechanical strength through age-hardening Series 8000, Al-Li MIG, TIG, laser, electron beam...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... material is removed from a surface during abrasion. It is usually expressed in terms of the thickness removed per unit of time or distance traversed. abrasive. A substance capable of removing material from another substance in machining, abrasion, or polishing that usually takes the form of several small...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.9781627083591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... Abstract This article discusses the fusion welding processes that are most widely used for joining titanium, namely, gas-tungsten arc welding, gas-metal arc welding, plasma arc welding, laser-beam welding, and electron-beam welding. It describes several important and interrelated aspects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... with additions of tungsten, niobium, hafnium, rhenium, and carbon. Welding Processes Tantalum and its alloys can be welded by gas metal arc welding (GMAW), gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), plasma arc welding, and electron-beam welding processes. Resistance spot welding of tantalum is also feasible...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Remelting and casting into finished shape, or primary fabrication, in which ingots are converted into general mill products followed by secondary fabrication of finished shapes from mill products Machining of cast structures or mill products is required, and welding invariably is needed in casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... provide accurate and inexpensive inspection of workpieces, thus dramatically increasing product quality. Machine vision is also used as an in-process gaging tool for controlling the process and correcting trends that could lead to the production of defective parts. The automotive and electronics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... ). Welding and cutting technologies are highly developed and have followed the continuous development of high-energy density power sources ( Ref 55 , 56 ). Of the laser and electron beam surface modification techniques, localized surface hardening is the most widely developed and applied. Fig. 16-15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... homogeneous —that is, uniform in grain structure—than at the ingot stage. These mill products may be provided in finished form for application, or the product may undergo additional processing (forging, stamping, machining, welding, etc.) for an end product—ranging from soda cans to panels destined for car...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... reflected from an interface or flaw and the time required from pulse initiation for the ultrasonic beam to reach the interface or flaw. Ultrasonic Flaw Detectors Although the electronic equipment used for ultrasonic inspection can vary greatly in detail among equipment manufacturers, all general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., including electroslag, TIG, gas, electron-beam, and arc welding as well as vacuum diffusion, forge, friction, electrical-resistance, and explosive welding. It also discusses the effect of welding temperature, pressure, and composition on the transformations that occur in and around the weld, and it includes...