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electrolytic processes

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix provides detailed information on the processes and procedures used in electrolytic polishing. It lists important process parameters, including time, temperature, voltage, and current density, as well as the recipes of electrolytic solutions used. The information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of beryllium chloride for the electrolytic reduction to metallic beryllium. Maximum production reached 160 to 180 kg/month pure beryllium. The Degussa process employed beryl containing 10 to 12 wt% BeO. The ore was milled to approximately –72 mesh in a cascade ball mill. The milled ore was blended in a 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to to understand rates of corrosion. The discussion covers two kinetic processes, namely electrode reactions at the cathode and anode and conduction of ions in the electrolyte. The chapter also provides information on passivation and its effect on polarization diagrams. corrosion kinetics passivation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... (3,000) … Western Zirconium Company Mg 455 (1,000) 1982 … 5,900 (13,000) (e) … Albany Titanium, Inc. K 2 TiF 6 … 1982 … … … (a) Mg = Kroll (magnesium) process; V and L = vacuum distillation or leaching; Na = sodium process; E = electrolytic process. (b) Operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... for the operation. Their first production, after numerous start-up problems, yielded a few marble-sized particles on Thanksgiving Day 1888 ( FIG. 8.5 ). Thus, the modern world of aluminum was born. FIG. 8.5 Aluminum nodules produced by Charles Martin Hall in 1886 using an electrolytic process. Hall...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... phosphate coating, phosphoric acid or phosphoric acid salts are required in addition to chromic and hydrofluoric acids or their corresponding salts. Electroplating is an electrolytic process in which metal ions in an electrolyte solution are deposited onto a cathode workpiece. The setup is shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... composition of electrolytes in flowsheet A ( Fig. 27.1 ) process Element or compound Lean electrolyte, g/L Rich electrolyte, g/L Cu (a) 23–25 27–30 Be 5 5 Na 3 3 Mg 1 1 Fe 1.2 1.2 Ca 0.7 0.7 Co 0.5 0.5 Al 0.3 0.3 H 2 SO 4 (a) 75–80 70–75 Si 0.3 0.3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... in the SEM shows a secondary electron image at 1000× in Fig. 6.20(a) and a backscattered electron image in Fig. 6.20(b) . The grid openings are produced by a punching process. Another SEM secondary electron image of a different type of copper grid made by an electrolytic process is shown at the bottom...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., halide additions to the electrolyte, alloy composition, temperature, and time. One of the fundamental questions regarding the formation of porous metals is the mechanism by which the selective dissolution process is maintained over more than a few atomic layers, leading to the three-dimensional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... sites. The electrolyte leakage/evaporation could result from lack of proper sealing during manufacturing process, or exposure to high temperature. In some extreme cases, very fast heating to higher temperature can result in pressure build up and explosion of the part. Like Al-CAPS, Super CAPS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... in reaction. Electrochemical processes require both oxidation and reduction reactions in order to maintain the conservation of electric charge. This process occurs in an electrochemical cell , which consists of an anode and a cathode immersed in an electrolyte (or general chemical surroundings). An anode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... in an electrolytic solution. It describes how corrosion potentials and current densities are measured and explains how to deal with various sources of error. It also explains how electrochemical impedance measurements are used and describes the underlying theory and procedures in some detail. corrosion rate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Abstract Cleaning procedures serve to remove scale, tarnish films, and other contaminants that form or are otherwise deposited on the surface of titanium during processing operations such as hot working and heat treatment. This chapter explains what makes titanium susceptible to the formation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... is a natural process in which the chemical action of the refining process is reversed. In their natural chemically stable state, metals are found primarily either as oxides or as sulfides in the ores. The addition of large amounts of energy during the refining process to strip away the oxides or sulfides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... the basic factors that influence design for corrosion resistance and discusses the use of conversion coatings, organic coatings, porcelain enameling, and electroplating. It also discusses corrosion monitoring methods used in chemical processing and refining industries. aluminum aluminum alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and nickel alloys. Hydrometallurgy processes include electro-refining and electrowinning, both of which are electrolytic processes used to produce pure nickel cathode sheet. In the electrofining process, a nickel electrolytic refining cell, consisting of a slab of crude nickel to be refined (anode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7