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electrolytic cell

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... 12.2 Van Vlack L.H. , Elements of Materials Science and Engineering , 3rd ed. , Addison-Wesley , 1974 Aqueous corrosion always involves an electrolytic cell with a cathode and an anode ( Fig. 12.1 ). It is the opposite of electroplating. The anode is where ions go into solution M → M...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to right form a closed circuit called an electrochemical cell . The cell is made up of four parts: the two electrodes where the charge transfer Reactions 2 and 3 take place (the anode and cathode , respectively), an electrolyte, and an electron pathway. It should be noted that electrodes are interfaces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... is the cathode in an electrolytic cell. For example, a pearlitic microstructure consists of layers (lamella) of ferrite and cementite. When exposed to an acid solution, the ferrite becomes the anode and the cementite becomes the cathode. In this electrolytic cell, the ferrite is attacked faster than...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., a complete electrical circuit is required. In a corroding system ( Fig. 18.1 ), this circuit is made up of four components: The anode is the electrode of an electrolytic cell at which oxidation is the principal reaction. Electrons flow away from the anode in the external circuit. It is the electrode...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... in ambient air. Intergranular cracking and fatigue striations are evident on the fracture surface; the grain appears to have separated from the rest of the microstructure. Source: Ref 17 Fig. 2 Electrolytic corrosion of steel. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 3 Basic electrochemical cell. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., bubbles collapse. (d) Disintegration of protective corrosion product by impacting microjet “torpedo.” Source: Ref 8 Fig. 2 A metal pipe buried in moist soil forming a corrosion cell. A difference in oxygen content at different levels in the electrolyte will produce a difference of potential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... sec Electrolytes and voltages for electropolishing of titanium and titanium alloys Table 11.5 Electrolytes and voltages for electropolishing of titanium and titanium alloys Electrolyte Cell voltage Time Notes Electrolytes composed of HClO 4 and alcohol with or without organic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
.... Their brittleness can be controlled to some extent by proper adjustment of the electrolytic cell conditions. The singularly outstanding quality of electrolytic powders is high purity. Before the advent of atomized powders, electrolytic iron and copper powders were widely used in the manufacture of electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
...Potentials of selected reference half cells Table 6.1 Potentials of selected reference half cells Type of half cell mV (SHE) Silver/silver-chloride Ag/AgCl (sat.) (a) in sat. KCl +196 Ag/AgCl (sat.) in 1 N KCl +234 Ag/AgCl (sat.) in 0.1 N KCl +289 Mercury...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... law ( R = U / i ), the electrolyte resistance can be computed as: (Eq 18) R e l e c t r o l y t e = L / F 2 A R T ∑ z i 2 C i D i The resistivities of some test solutions are shown in Table 2 . Viewing the electrochemical cell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Electrolytic Extraction of Beryllium 7.9 Cell Configuration 7.10 Theoretical Rate Expression 7.11 Electrorefining of Beryllium References References Bayliss R.K. , and Derry R. , 1963 . “ Further Studies of the Breakdown of Beryl and Beryl Concentrates by Fusion Methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in the electrowinning circuit. The relatively high concentration of nitrates present in the electrolytes (5 to 6 g/L) prevents the use of standard lead-base anodes. Stainless steel cathodes were used in place of copper starter sheets. Solids postprecipitated in the electrolysis cells and adhered to the cathodes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... precipitation : Where solid deposition occurs from a solution in an electrolytic cell to form a dendritic or spongelike particle; usually pure transition metal elements, such as silver, gold, copper, platinum, chromium, palladium, and nickel Thermochemical reaction: Including routes such as precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... + + 2 e − ⁢   → Ti 2 + (Eq 1.12) Ti 2 + + 2 e ⁢   → Ti 0 The anodic reaction is: (Eq 1.13) 2Cl − ⁢   → Cl 2 ⁢   ( g ) + 2 e − The schematic drawing in Fig. 1.14 shows this electrolytic cell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... reactions in order to maintain the conservation of electric charge. This process occurs in an electrochemical cell , which consists of an anode and a cathode immersed in an electrolyte (or general chemical surroundings). An anode is, by definition, a material that loses an electron when it reacts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... process illustrated in Fig. 26.6 . The cell is lined with carbon cathodes, and consumable electrodes are gradually fed into the top of the cell. The electrolyte is cryolite (Na 3 AlF 6 ) with 8 to 10 wt% Al 2 O 3 dissolved in it. The cell operates at temperatures in the range of 955 to 1010 °C (1750...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Rather these consist of a conductive electrode and an electrolyte. Once voltage is applied the charge is stored electrostatically and/or electrochemically. Figure 22a shows basic base-cell of a super CAP, consisting of two opposing electrodes typically conductive rubbers, with a mixture of activated...