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electrolytes

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix provides detailed information on the processes and procedures used in electrolytic polishing. It lists important process parameters, including time, temperature, voltage, and current density, as well as the recipes of electrolytic solutions used. The information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t67850410-ref20">[20]</xref> Electroless Silver Plating (W. Peacock, U.S. Patent no. 2,214,476) <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t67850410-ref20">[20]</xref> Electrolytic Copper Plating <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t67850410-ref21">[21]</xref> Electrolytic Iron Plating Electrolytic Nickel Plating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... It also provides information on electrolytic extraction and the use of electrorefining. beryllium copaux-kawecki fluoride extraction degussa extraction electrolytic extraction electrorefining kjellgren-sawyer sulfate extraction solvent extraction 7.1 Extraction from Beryl 7.2 Kjellgren...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Tantalum (Ta) Tantalum pentoxide (Ta 2 O 5 ) Ta/MnO 2 Ta/Conductive Polymer Ta/liquid electrolyte Porous Ta anode Aluminum (Al) Aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) Al/Conductive Polymer Al/Liquid Electrolyte Etched Al foils Ceramics BaTiO 3 , CaZrO 3 , etc. BME (base metal electrode Cu, Ni) PME...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to to understand rates of corrosion. The discussion covers two kinetic processes, namely electrode reactions at the cathode and anode and conduction of ions in the electrolyte. The chapter also provides information on passivation and its effect on polarization diagrams. corrosion kinetics passivation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Silver/silver-sulfate Ag/AgSO 4 (sat.) in sat. Ag 2 SO 4 +654 Mercury/mercuric-oxide Hg/HgO (sat.) in sat. HgO (1 N OH – ) +98 (a) sat., electrolyte saturation with respect to the indicated salt Faraday’s law expressions Table 6.2 Faraday’s law expressions Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract The discovery and use of materials have shaped civilization since ancient times. This chapter traces the history of the use of metals from hammered copper estimated to be 11,000 years old to the development of electrolytically refined aluminum in 1884. The discussion covers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a brief account of galvanic corrosion, which occurs when a metal or alloy is electrically coupled to another metal or conducting nonmetal in the same electrolyte. It begins by describing the galvanic series of metals and alloys useful for predicting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...Abstract Abstract This appendix contains recipes of the electrolytic solutions in which various metals are polished in preparation for metallographic examination. electrolyte electromechanical polishing ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... Precipitation and wash are necessary to reject nitrates that interfere with the electrowinning step. The precipitates contain roughly 1 wt% Be. The washed precipitate is dissolved in sulfuric acid to form a copper-sulfate-base electrolyte. After electrolysis, lean electrolyte solutions typically have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... J.W. , 1953 . Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory , private communication, Sept 2 , 1953 Dickerson R.F. , 1953 . Battelle Memorial Institute , private communication, Sept 24 , 1953 Dingle J.H. , and Moore A. , 1962 . A Rapid Electrolytic Method for the Preparation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... as alloy and electrolyte composition. The dashed vertical lines indicate typical ambiguity in defining a critical potential. Fig. 2 Plug-type dezincification in an α-brass (70Cu-30Zn) exposed for 79 days in 1 N NaCl at room temperature. Note porous structure within the plug. Dark line...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... an “etched” condition suitable for structure examination. Standard chemical etching solutions are most commonly employed, but other methods are also used such as anodizing and electrolytic and potentiostatic etching. Techniques using heat, such as heat tinting or thermal etching, are useful and have wide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., the other graphite); an electrical connection between the two metals (typically physical contact between the two) providing an electron pathway; an electrolyte, which is an ionically conductive medium, contacting the two metals providing a pathway for ion exchange. Fig. 2 Galvanic cell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... systems Sacrificial-anode system Impressed-current system Simple Low/no maintenance Works best in conductive electrolytes Lower installation costs for smaller installations Higher capital investment for large systems Complex Requires maintenance Can work in low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... in an electrochemical cell , which consists of an anode and a cathode immersed in an electrolyte (or general chemical surroundings). An anode is, by definition, a material that loses an electron when it reacts with the electrolyte. Conversely, a cathode is defined as a material that absorbs electrons during a chemical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... sec Electrolytes and voltages for electropolishing of titanium and titanium alloys Table 11.5 Electrolytes and voltages for electropolishing of titanium and titanium alloys Electrolyte Cell voltage Time Notes Electrolytes composed of HClO 4 and alcohol with or without organic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... chloride-dihydrate, 35 °C (95°F). Galvanic coupling due to copper salt reduction to copper metal. More severe than ASTM B 117 FACT (formerly ASTM B 538) Testing anodized aluminum specimens. Electrolyte as in salt spray or CASS test. Specimen is made the cathode to generate high pH at defects...