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electroless plating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix lists plating solutions and procedures used in metallographic edge preparation. copper plating edge preparation nickel plating silver plating iron plating Electroless Nickel Electroless nickel is the most commonly used plating material in metallographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion implantation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Fig. 14 Compares the abrasion resistance of TiN coatings applied by various thin-film processes Fig. 15 Compares the surface hardness of hardened tool steel and a cemented carbide with that of the following surface-hardening processes: TRD, CVD, PVD, boriding, chrome plating, electroless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., for example, chromium oxide, alumina, preferably sealed Cadmium plate, preferably chromate passivated for moderate protection Electroless nickel Heavy electrolytic nickel plating Acidic Environments For acidic environments, consider: Slurry/sinter-formed ceramics (chromium oxide based...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... overlays, thermal spraying, and various deposition technologies. ceramic coating chemical vapor deposition cladding corrosion resistance electroless plating electroplating hot dip metallic coating physical vapor deposition thermal spraying weld overlays THE SURFACE-ENGINEERING METHODS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., and the thickness of buildups can be controlled very accurately. Electroless Plating Processes Electroless plating is a plating process driven entirely by chemical reactions—no external source of electric current is required. Deposition of metal onto a part surface occurs in an aqueous solution containing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., improved corrosion resistance (e.g., nickel-chromium multilayer coatings, and cadmium and zinc sacrificial coatings), wear resistance (e.g., hard chromium coatings), electrical properties (e.g., copper and silver), and aesthetic appearance (e.g., bright nickel or decorative chromium plating) Electroless...
Image
Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 7.29 Micrographs showing the fracture surfaces of the halves of a broken Charpy specimen mounted in epoxy. (a) Fracture surface plated with electroless nickel. (b) Fracture surface unplated. Note the excellent edge retention of the plated fracture surface. 2% nital etch. 500× More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... on the surface to be coated; the coating can be two or three times the thickness of conventional hardcoating (but rough). The typical electroplatings employed for hardening a surface include: Chromium Hard nickel Thin, dense chromium Iron Most plating shops also offer electroless nickel...
Image
Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 7.18 Microstructure of a low-carbon steel sheet that was electroless nickel plated on both sides. (a) Specimen mounted in epoxy. (b) Specimen mounted in thermosetting phenolic resin. Note the damage in (b) due to the thermal-compression mounting process. Unetched. 100× More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... to desired contrast Appendix / 301 Electroless and electrolytic coatings for edge protection Depositing a metallic coating on a specimen prior to mounting is an excellent technique to ensure edge preservation for examination up to 1000 . Steel samples with a zinc, tin, or cadmium plating must rst...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... depends on the nature of the fluid and the hardness of the material. A geometric shape can create a sustained delivery of fluid or can locally disturb a laminar stream and lead to turbulence. Replaceable baffle plates or deflectors are beneficial where circumstances permit their use; they eliminate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... Electroless plating Elemental metals and a few binary alloys Wide range of materials Good μm Generally poor High, can be continuous Thick film Wide range of elemental metals and alloys Materials that can withstand the firing temperatures Physical access to surfaces is required μm-mm Moderate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... Electrical conductors Moderate μm-mm Generally less precise than for vapor deposition Very high, can be continuous Electroless plating Elemental metals and a few binary alloys Wide range of materials Good μm Generally poor High, can be continuous Thick film Wide range of elemental metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... oxide particles can be retained in voids in the specimen or at the specimen surface (at a steel/oxide-scale interface or a steel/mounting material interface, etc.). Figure 7.1 shows an example of silicon carbide particles embedded into the polished surface of a nickel-plated steel specimen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... electric current through an electrolyte. Electroplating, electroforming, electrorefining, and elec- trotwinning result from electrodeposition. electroforming. Making parts by electrodeposition on a removable form. electrogalvanizing. The electroplating of zinc upon iron or steel. electroless plating. (1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... inspected. Electro-deposited nickel was specified for plating on the inside diameter surface. This plating is relatively soft, ductile, and has a relatively high melting point. However, electroless nickel, which has high phosphorus content, was substituted without authorization. This plating is hard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... are equivalent. In a square bar, the planes parallel to the hot-rolling direction are equivalent longitudinal planes. In a rectangular section or in a plate, the planar surface is parallel to the hot-working axis, has the largest surface area, and is the surface in most frequent contact with the mill rolls...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Sputtering 10 –2 to 13 10 –4 to 10 –1 Up to 250 (a) Up to 480 (a) 0.012–24 Ion plating 10 –2 to 13 10 –4 to 10 –1 Up to 250 (a) Up to 480 (a) 1.2–12 Electroplating Ambient (b) 10–100 50–212 0.4–180 Electroless plating Ambient 15–100 60–212 0.5–2.0 (a) Dependent...