1-20 of 141 Search Results for

electrical zone sensing

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... of challenges in the placing of TUS test thermocouples into the furnace work zone. In some instances, it makes sense to trail thermocouple wire through the furnace system and connect it to an externally located data acquisition system. However, variables such as furnace doors (particularly interior furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... in an accounting system. Generally, costs are grouped with some other equipment; therefore, some allocation of costs is always necessary. The basis for each allocation needs to be well thought out and make sense for the operation. If the cost for the commodity (electric, gas, gases, water, manpower...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... are seldom used in commercial applications in their pure (unalloyed) condition. Instead, one or more chemical element is normally alloyed with the base metal to alter its characteristics to make it easier to fabricate and/or perform better in the application. Although in the broad sense, alloying covers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... No make-up air system required to affect building air pressure Relatively higher energy efficiency The disadvantages of electric heating include: Limits in energy zone control flexibility Difficult to change heating capacity Typically higher initial equipment capital costs Demand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... but in a single pass. The degree of refining is related to the number of passes through the molten zone, within practical limits. Purities achieved have been reported to be within one part per billion of electrically active impurities. Fig. 11.17 Induction heating techniques used in processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.itfdtktmse.t56060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-440-6
... materials to impart a wide range of properties that are either not present or present at insufficient levels in the base material. These properties can include but are not limited to electrical conductivity, optical enhancement (e.g., reflectivity), corrosion resistance, lubricity, and wear resistance. Due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... Abstract This chapter focuses on common failure characteristics exhibited by mechanical and electrical components. The topic is considered from two perspectives: one possibility is that the system failed because parts were nonconforming to drawing requirements and another possibility...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... gradient and cooling rate established in the heat-affected zone, and in the composition of the parent metal. It will be sufficient for most of the welding processes subsequently discussed to concentrate on these differences. Electrical-Resistance Welding Electrical-resistance butt welding, sometimes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.itfdtktmse.9781627084406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-440-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... of these processes change the surface chemistry, but rather they improve properties such as wear and fatigue by altering the surface metallurgy. Selective Surface Hardening Surface hardening in a general sense involves many processes that improve the wear resistance of parts while utilizing the tough interior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... controllers and heat-regulating devices. Integration of control functions is illustrated with examples related to heating of steel slabs, surface hardening of steel parts, vacuum induction melting for casting operations, and process optimization for electric-demand control. Distributed control within larger...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... important macrostructural features (on the order of 1 mm to 1 m or 0.04 in. to 3 ft), such as the ones shown in Fig. 7 and listed here: Flow lines in wrought products Solidification structures in cast products Weld characteristics, including depth of penetration, fusion zone size and number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... baths. Advantages of the salt bath furnace include: Simple design Fueled by either natural gas or electricity Easy to operate Excellent heat transfer and temperature uniformity Not capital intensive Major disadvantages of the salt bath procedure have been cleanliness and effluent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... manufacturers. This chapter deals with materials handling and automation. First, it summarizes basic considerations such as generic system designs, fixture materials, and special electrical problems to be avoided. Next, it describes and provides examples of materials-handling systems in induction billet heating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... improved on tempering. Induction Hardening Induction heating is a method of heating electrically conductive materials by the application of a varying magnetic field whose lines of force are intersected by the workpiece. In this process, the varying magnetic field induces an electric potential, which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... diagrams. These include thermal analysis (TA), metallography, X-ray diffraction (XRD), dilatometry, electrical resistance measurement, and magnetic analysis methods, among others. All of these methods are based on the principle that when a phase transition in an alloy occurs, its physical and chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... individual defect types that were identified by X-ray imaging. Therefore, using this technique, electrical shorts due to material extrusion and electrical opens due to cracks or interconnect voids can be easily identified non-destructively. Figure 3 Virtual cross section examples of package-level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract Induction heat treating is used in a wide range of applications. Typical uses, as described in this chapter, include the surface hardening of many types of shafts as well as gears and sprockets and the through-hardening of gripping teeth, cutting edges, and impact zones incorporated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... and equipment are tube or pipe diameter, wall thickness, surface condition, method of fabrication, electrical conductivity, metallurgical condition, magnetic properties (notably permeability), and degree of magnetization. Nature of Flaws Both the nature of flaws and of potential but unallowable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... evaluation (NDE) techniques because of its treelike branching pattern and its location in the heat-affected zone within the weld. As the chapter explains, by optimizing excitation and reflected waveforms, switching to dual-element sensing, properly orienting the scanning path, and using crack-tip diffraction...