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electrical shock

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... high-speed, water-hardening, shock-resistant, and hot and cold work tool steels. It discusses the influence of alloy design on the evolution of microstructure and properties during solidification, heat treating, and hardening operations. It also describes critical phase transformations and the effects...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract There is a fairly wide variety of different tool steels for different applications. The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) classification of tool steels includes seven major categories: water-hardening tool steels, shock-resisting tool steels, cold work tool steels, hot work tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
.... (However, caution is required to prevent electrical shock or electrostatic discharge damage.) As was the case with electrical or electronic subassemblies (as explained previously), the failure analysis team can check circuit card assembly performance by providing required inputs and measuring the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... processes such as electrical discharge, abrasive jet, and hydrodynamic machining, laser and electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, and electrical discharge wire cutting. chip formation cutting fluids cutting tools machinability machining tool wear MACHINING COVERS a large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and friction, chemical resistance, and thermal shock resistance. Optical absorption and index of refraction may also be important where appearance is a consideration, and electrical properties may be important in a high-temperature sensor application. The favorable thermal, chemical, and tribological...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract Optoelectronic components can be readily classified as active light-emitting components (such as semiconductor lasers and light emitting diodes), electrically active but non-emitting components, and inactive components. This chapter focuses on the first category, and particularly on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... classifications, designations, and grades of available product forms. It also explains how aluminum alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, rail, and marine applications as well as in building and construction, electrical products, manufacturing equipment, packaging, and consumer durables such as appliances and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... principles on how to proceed with root cause finding of these type of failures. Following are few detailed examples of early life failures. Mechanically experienced car technicians know that electrical shocks may occur – even through rubber gloves- when sandblasting rusty metal parts. When...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... device experiences an overstress condition—either electrical or mechanical (shock)—the micromachined surfaces may deflect far enough to contact each other. Other MEMS devices are designed such that surfaces come into contact in normal operation. In either case, when contact occurs between MEMS surfaces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
..., the electric energy, stored in a capacitor, is suddenly discharged through a spark gap, which is positioned in a working medium, for example, water. During the discharge, the water is ionized and vaporized, resulting in the shock wave, leading to workpiece deformation. Thus, electric energy is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... parts.) After ultrasonic cleaning, the parts were allowed to dry and then were epoxy-bonded to optical elements. After the epoxy cured, the subassemblies underwent shock and vibration testing to confirm bond adequacy. Litton experienced frequent epoxy disbonds during the shock and vibration test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., NbC, ZrC, HfC, WC, VC, Cr 3 C 2 , and aluminum. Various mixes of these additives impart different combinations of wear resistance, thermal shock resistance, and toughness, and they allow tools to be tailored for a wide range of machining applications. The newer cermets are used in semifinishing and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Incidental to this discussion, one possible component of this curve is the freak failure rate. Usually, so-called “freak” failure rates refer to failure modes that are instigated from outside of the component itself (such as electrical overstress, electrostatic discharge, mechanical shock, or single event...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... vanadium to plain carbon steels increased their strength, making them suitable for service in high-speed steam engines. In a paper presented in Paris in 1903, Léon Guillet reported that a metallurgist named Choubly had used vanadium additions to boost the resistance of carbon steels to shock, and to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... spray, the specimens are never subjected to thermal shock during light exposure. The specimens are mounted on two racks, with each rack facing a bank of four lamps. The fluorescent sunlamps emit a low amount of radiant heat, which aids in the temperature control of the system. These fluorescent sunlamp...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
.... Differences in resistance to thermal shock between different grades of glass are related to differences in their coefficients of thermal expansion. Larger stresses arise in materials with high coefficients of thermal expansion, so they are more susceptible to breaking under thermal shock. The thermal shock...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., such as sizes, hardness, operating conditions (shock, wear, or plastic deformation), and surface-finishing requirements. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used here are primarily from AISI. The correlation of these two classifications can be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... encounter a high-pressure zone, they collapse and cause explosive shocks to the surface. These surface shocks cause localized deformation and pitting. Cavitation pits eventually link up and cause a general roughening of the surface and material removal (i.e., erosion). It should be noted that cavitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... impact to the MLCC can create cracks which can lead to low IR or short condition. Thermal shock can create cracks inside the MLCC, which can lead to low IR or short condition. Although not common, over voltage is another possible cause for a low IR or short condition. The typical breakdown voltage for...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... and cracked passivation layer. Solder dipping is frequently used to change the lead finish, e.g., from lead free (Pb-free) finish to a lead finish or vice-versa. Solder dipping is also used to improve or restore the solderability of the parts. But poor finish and thermal shock experienced during...