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electrical hazards

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article explains how alloying elements affect the properties and behaviors of electrical contacts. It describes the composition, strength, hardness, and conductivity of a wide range of contact alloys and composites based on silver, copper, gold, platinum, palladium, tungsten, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... processes such as electrical discharge, abrasive jet, and hydrodynamic machining, laser and electron beam machining, ultrasonic impact grinding, and electrical discharge wire cutting. chip formation cutting fluids cutting tools machinability machining tool wear MACHINING COVERS a large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... classifications, designations, and grades of available product forms. It also explains how aluminum alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, rail, and marine applications as well as in building and construction, electrical products, manufacturing equipment, packaging, and consumer durables such as appliances and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., silicon, and nickel affect the physical and mechanical properties of coppers and high-copper alloys as well as brasses, bronzes, copper-nickels, and nickel silvers. It also explains how alloying affects electrical conductivity, corrosion resistance, stress-corrosion cracking, and processing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Abstract Arc welding applies to a large and diversified group of welding processes that use an electric arc as the source of heat to melt and join metals. This chapter provides a detailed overview of specific arc welding methods: shielded metal arc welding, flux cored arc welding, submerged arc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... life. The chapter explains how and why freckles form as well as how they can be prevented. It describes the criteria for selecting the proper melting method for specific alloys based on melt segregation and chemistry requirements. It compares standard processes, including electric arc furnace/argon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., including electroslag, TIG, gas, electron-beam, and arc welding as well as vacuum diffusion, forge, friction, electrical-resistance, and explosive welding. It also discusses the effect of welding temperature, pressure, and composition on the transformations that occur in and around the weld, and it includes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... recrystallization nonferrous metals METALS ARE EASILY recognized by their luster. They are characterized by their high electrical and thermal conductivities. These properties can be understood in terms of the nature of metallic bonding. In metals, positively charged atoms are surrounded by a cloud of valence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Hazard Associated with Fabricating Beryllium-Copper Alloys ,” UCRL-52258, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , Livermore, CA 10.2172/7097955 Stange A.W. , Furman J.F. , and Hilmas D.E. , 2004 . The Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Test: Relevant Issues in Beryllium Health...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... conductivity Antenna High specific heat and thermal conductivity Structure and radiator fins of thermoelectric power for moon exploration High specific heat Light weight High thermal output in oxidation Others Copper-beryllium springs Greater corrosion resistance High electrical and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... in Chapter 2, “Common Causes of Failures.” The process used for making caprolactam before the disaster occurred was oxidation of cyclohexane, which is a highly inflammable and very hazardous material to handle. When copious amounts of hot cyclohexane escaped to the atmosphere due to the bursting of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... (135,000 mi) of hazardous liquid transmission pipelines, 34,000 km (21,000 mi) of crude oil gathering pipelines, 483,000 km (300,000 mi) of natural gas transmission pipelines, and 45,000 km (28,000 mi) of natural gas gathering pipelines in 2000 ( Ref 1 – 3 ). There were approximately 60 major natural gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... fabricated from austenitic stainless steel have suffered from stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). This has resulted in loss of plant availability, increased cost of electrical energy, and increased exposure to radiation of skilled personnel involved in inspection and repair operations ( Ref 15.1 ). This chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... , Binger W.W. , and Brown R.H. , Mercury and its Compounds: A Corrosion Hazard , Corrosion , Vol 8 ( No. 5 ), 1952 , p 155 10.5006/0010-9312-8.5.155 32. Plumb R.C. , Brown M.H. , and Lewis J.E. , A Radiochemical Tracer Investigation of the Role of Mercury in the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... 29 , 1965 . 96. Sax N. I. : Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials , 5th ed. , Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc. , New York , 1979 . 97. National Research Council : Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories , National Academy Press...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... defects before cold rolling. Dry belt grinding is dangerous because of the hazards of explosion and fire. It is also not economical because of poor belt life. When stock is removed during dry grinding, small globules of molten metal and oxide roll along the sheet, causing a type of pitting by burning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... extremely hazardous nature of the fluids and gases processed in refineries, the safety and well being of both plant employees and the public are put at risk by corrosion. Catastrophic failures could result in severe damage to entire process units, neighboring communities, and the environment. In the United...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... could cause a broken slide, which presented a hazard to the shooter. The Army’s interim corrective action was to limit the number of rounds fired by each M9 handgun. The longer-term solutions included replacing the defective slides and making changes to the process to prevent the metallurgical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... attachment, while Zone 2 is subject to swept attachment as a result of the direct strike. Attachments in Zone 3 areas are referred to as indirect effects in which voltage and/or currents induced by lightning in electrical wiring can upset or damage electrical and electronic systems. Zone 1 and 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... applications also include electrical resistivity testing, eddy current, and magnetic bridge testing, magnetic particle inspection, ultrasonic testing, x-ray radiography, gas permeability testing, and gamma-ray (γ-ray) density determination. The capabilities and limitations of these techniques are summarized in...