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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
..., malleable iron, compacted graphite iron (CGI), ductile iron, austempered ductile iron (ADI), and carbon steel and low-alloy steel; its versatile attributes; and its individual applications. A large section of the chapter covers the impact of electric vehicles on the future of the iron and steel castings...
Image
Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 13.13 Positions of the battery and motor in electric vehicles, (a and c) battery electric vehicles, (b) plug-in hybrid electric vehicle More
Image
Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 13.8 (a) Engine, motor, and generator locations in a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. (b) Battery pack, traction motor, and transmission location in a battery electric vehicle. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 11.15 Color-coded material breakdown for the body structure of the Future Steel Vehicle (FSV), battery electric vehicle (BEV). Source: Ref 11.9 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... equipment (pipes, fittings, pumps, valves) The automotive sector has seen steady growth, sustained by the increase in number of vehicles produced globally and the expected growth of electric vehicles. Household appliances, refrigeration, and air-conditioning have experienced a spurt in demand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... content demonstrates that such materials are key to achieving reduced gas emission targets for the entire life cycle of the vehicle. Fig. 11.15 Color-coded material breakdown for the body structure of the Future Steel Vehicle (FSV), battery electric vehicle (BEV). Source: Ref 11.9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Reduction Company began operations, this idea has been a guiding principle for development of new products and applications. The transportation market (including light vehicles described in Chapter 12, “Aluminum in Light Vehicles” in this book) has become the largest single end application...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... 12.3 12.2 Performance Characteristics of Materials The performance or functional characteristics of a material are expressed chiefly by physical, mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties. Material properties are the link between the basic structure and composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions by sectors. Electricity and heat generation produces the highest percentage of CO 2 emissions, followed by the transportation sector. Fig. 1.5 Emissions of CO 2 by sectors. Source: Ref 1.4 Vehicles produce greenhouse gases (CO 2 , CH 4 , NO x...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
.... Finally, the sheathing of electrical cables with lead or aluminum alloys using the transverse extrusion process has been a standard process for a long time, as has the production of multicore solders with integrated flux cores using the same process. The pushing of the material being extruded through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... applications components tempers Assembly process for the doors on the Ford F150 pickup truck at the Ford Kansas City Truck Plant. Source: Ford Motor Company A DUCKER ASSOCIATES publication tracks the growth of aluminum in the light vehicle (automobiles and light trucks) sector, issuing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... steels (AHSS) used in a vehicle. The discussion covers the major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, production routes for manufacturing crude steel, and an optimized index guideline for selecting the best material. Details on the benefits of AHSS on the life cycle of vehicles are provided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract This chapter presents examples of aluminum infrastructure applications and their benefits to society. Infrastructure applications covered within this chapter include: electrical conductors; roads and bridges; highway signs, traffic signals, and license plates; railroad and highway...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
.... Department of Energy (DOE) and formed the Partnership for New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) to improve manufacturing competitiveness and develop new technologies for fuel efficient vehicles. This program transitioned to Freedom CAR with the inclusion of five energy and two electric utility companies, to work...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... or an anomaly may cause an accident resulting in injury or death to the occupants of a vehicle. In the gravity permanent mold (GPM) Process, both the method of pouring the molds and feeding of the casting shrinkage use gravity as the driving force. The metal molds that are reused for every pour cycle have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... for such specifications. Future work in the area will certainly continue to merge casting process and alloy composition limits to produce even higher performance foundry products. The growth in electric vehicles will ultimately reduce the amount of high recycled-content engine alloys in the secondary scrap stream...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
...: Tensile strength, ksi (MPa) 10–72 (70–505) Yield strength, ksi (MPa) 3–65 (20–455) Elongation, % <1–30 Hardness, HB 30–150 Electrical conductivity, %IACS 18–60 Thermal conductivity, Btu · in./h · ft 2 · °F at 77 °F (W/m · K at 25 °C) 660–1155 (85–175) Fatigue limit, ksi (MPa...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... and the classifications, designations, and grades of available product forms. It also explains how aluminum alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, rail, and marine applications as well as in building and construction, electrical products, manufacturing equipment, packaging, and consumer durables such as appliances...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... the location of the failed component in a larger structure is an important task in the preliminary examination of a failure. The part may sometimes get thrown a considerable distance as in the case of a rotating component or in the case of a moving or flying vehicle. It is important to photograph the entire...