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electric shock

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... do not come into contact with each other under normal operating conditions. If the device experiences an overstress condition—either electrical or mechanical (shock)—the micromachined surfaces may deflect far enough to contact each other. Other MEMS devices are designed such that surfaces come...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
..., the electric energy, stored in a capacitor, is suddenly discharged through a spark gap, which is positioned in a working medium, for example, water. During the discharge, the water is ionized and vaporized, resulting in the shock wave, leading to workpiece deformation. Thus, electric energy is transformed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... into structures, even if they were assumed to be sealed. Continuous vibrations and mechanical shocks during operation. Outgassing from rubber seals, tires and plastics find its way into electronic circuits. Carbon contact pads in numerous electric (servo-) motors (for instance for window lifts, seat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... the single most important class of materials used in handling liquid oxygen. Their chemical stability when in contact with oxygen, high strength, resistance to thermal shock, large heat capacity, and high thermal conductivity all contribute to making metals the best available structural materials for liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... electric vehicles are produced. Aluminum die-casting facilities with medium-sized machines may upgrade their vacuum systems to produce structural members such as A, B, and C pillars; shock towers; rear crossmembers; and motor housings. Aluminum die-casting facilities that produce steering gear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... of thermal spray technologies in industrial manufacturing. Process productivity, quality assurance, and customer confidence have been improved by the development of (i) thermal spray control systems that accurately control the gas, electrical, and cooling water requirements and (ii) diagnostic tools...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... castings remains critical to their success. Steel castings excel in this service where resistance to shock and fatigue, high strength, and toughness must be maintained with minimum weight. Safety, protection of cargo, and operating economy are required in railroad equipment. These factors, coupled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... his first gasoline-engine-powered car in 1902. He was encouraged to become an automaker by Thomas Edison, his boss at Detroit Electric Company, where Ford worked as a machinist and engineer. Ford Motor Company was founded in 1903. Stainless Steel Stainless steels are broadly defined as alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... to degradation in plastics include temperature variations, moisture, sunlight, oxidation, microbiologic attack, and other environmental elements. The results of exposing plastics to these conditions can be discoloration, loss of mechanical strength, embrittlement, and loss of electrical insulation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... environmental conditions. This may include factors such as operating temperature and voltage, stability of temperature and humidity, potential shock environments, electrical transients, and noise. In addition, individual applications may well have unique profiles. For example, an integrated circuit in a cell...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract Ceramics normally have high melting temperatures, excellent chemical stability and, due to the absence of conduction electrons, tend to be good electrical and thermal insulators. They are also inherently hard and brittle, and when loaded in tension, have almost no tolerance for flaws...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... the failure to a specific component by lightly touching each component when the board is energized to ascertain if any are unusually hot. (However, caution is required to prevent electrical shock or electrostatic discharge damage.) As was the case with electrical or electronic subassemblies (as explained...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... in adjacent regions. If these stresses are high enough, fracture will occur. Differences in resistance to thermal shock between different grades of glass are related to differences in their coefficients of thermal expansion. Larger stresses arise in materials with high coefficients of thermal expansion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... become a significant problem. In some systems, outgassing can actually insulate the contacts on an electrical switch. Chapter 13 discusses the adverse effects of contamination on epoxies and other sealants. Epoxies and sealants can be a contaminant in their own right if these materials migrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 March 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gvar.t59360107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-435-2
..., a redesign of the housing is the best course of action as explained in Chapter 1, “Gears and Vibrations in Gearboxes,” in this book. Case 3: Failure of an Epicyclic Gearbox A star epicyclic speed reducer installed between a 10.4 megawatt (MW) gas turbine and an electric generator failed in service...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to facilitate consolidation) Powder consolidation (e.g., cold static pressing or cold isostatic pressing) Sintering or sintering plus hot isostatic pressing Finishing (e.g., grinding, electrical discharge machining, honing, and lapping) A more detailed account of the processing of cemented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... equipment (pipes, fittings, pumps, valves) The automotive sector has seen steady growth, sustained by the increase in number of vehicles produced globally and the expected growth of electric vehicles. Household appliances, refrigeration, and air-conditioning have experienced a spurt in demand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... oriented Polypropylene (BOPP) Polyethylene terephthalate, (PET) Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS), Paper, etc. Metal (Zn, Al, etc.) Layered structure Super Capacitors It is an electric field induced dielectric. Conductive & nonconductive rubber, sulfuric acid, activated carbon Layered structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... are discussed separately in Chapter 4, “Vacuum Furnace Processes” in this book.) Energy Sources Only two heat sources are generally used today in heat treating furnaces: natural gas and electricity. Most furnaces are powered by the heat of combustion—by natural gas, which is predominately methane...