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elastic-plastic fracture mechanics

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... as well as grain size, inclusion content, and impurities. It also presents the theory and use of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics and discusses the causes, effects, and control of temper embrittlement in various types of steel. composition ductile-to-brittle transition elastic-plastic fracture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... upon crack extension is the driving force for fracture in a cracked material under load. This chapter provides a summary of Griffith’s work and the subsequent development of linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. It includes detailed illustrations and examples, familiarizing readers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract Large-scale yielding at the crack tip and time-dependent crack growth mechanisms, such as stress relaxation due to creep, are nonlinear behaviors requiring nonlinear analysis methods. This chapter presents two such methods, one based on elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, the other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... or for the selection of more fracture-resistant materials. Two categories of fracture mechanics are linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM). LEFM is used if there is only a small amount of plastic deformation at or near the crack tip. This requires a high level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.9781627083096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
..., elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, and time-dependent fracture mechanics. The basic principles and applications of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) are dealt with in the remainder of this chapter and in Chapter 5 . Nonlinear fracture mechanics, which includes the elastic-plastic and time...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of the very low modulus of elasticity associated with plastics and some plastic design solutions are offered. impact test linear elastic fracture mechanics plastic components plastics impact load THE MATERIAL AND ENGINEERING issues associated with plastic components subjected to impact...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.9781627082709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... In addition, impact loading reduces the thermal energy available for plastic deformation, further reducing the toughness. Prior to the formulation and maturity of linear elastic fracture mechanics, the notch toughness characteristics of low- and intermediate-strength steels were determined primarily...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... be dominant only at first. The preexistence of a mechanical flaw or crack in the stressed metal may of course alter the initiation stage. Application of the fracture-mechanics-based stress-intensity factor ( J for elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, K for linear elastic fracture mechanics) as a driving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
..., plastic deformation, ductility, hardness, creep, fatigue, and fracture. It also describes the primary components of a Charpy impact tester and the role they serve. creep ductility elasticity fatigue fracture failure hardness impact test plastic deformation strain stress tension test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... propagation that is characterized by either linear elastic fracture mechanics, elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, or fully plastic fracture mechanics Final instability and failure Each of these phases is an extremely complex process (or may involve several processes) in and of itself. For example...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Abstract This chapter focuses on some of the facts of mechanical properties of metals that must be understood to successfully undertake the task of failure analysis. The discussion begins by describing the causes and effects of elastic and plastic deformation followed by a section describing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of mechanical properties on molecular orientation that often develops during processing. In order to ensure the existence of plane-strain state, the dimensions of the sample normal to the applied stress are usually required to be greater than 25 J Ic /σ y , where J Ic is the elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... two are intended as measures of ductility. In contrast to the Charpy test, fracture mechanics toughness tests fall into two groups: linear elastic fracture mechanics tests ( K Ic ) and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics tests (CTOD, J -curves, and R -curves). The major advantage of using fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the concepts of mechanical properties and the various underlying metallurgical mechanisms that can be used to alter the strength of materials. The mechanical properties discussed include elasticity, plasticity, creep deformation, fatigue, toughness, and hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... material separation. In contrast, the continuum mechanics of ductile fracture involves plastic deformation, which thus results in the expenditure of mechanical energy prior to fracture. The occurrence of a ductile or brittle fracture depends on a variety of factors, including material condition, strain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpktmse.t56010001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-384-3
... to determine when yielding begins. It also explains how to determine other properties via tensile tests, including ductility, toughness, and modulus of resilience. elastic modulus extensometers impact strength linear elastic fracture toughness plastic deformation properties Poisson's ratio tensile...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the stress-strain response of materials, how it is measured, and how it used to set performance expectations. It begins by describing the common tensile test and how it sheds light on the elastic design of structures as well as plasticity and fracture behaviors...