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economic impacts

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion can be defined as a chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material, usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties. This chapter describes the effects and economic impact of corrosion in major industrial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... subject to change depending upon seemingly minor changes in the test conditions. Finally, both have enormous economic impact. When studying any failure where wear is known or suspected, it is necessary to have a good understanding of the history and operation of the part or mechanism involved. In many...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... corrosion inhibitors crude oil refineries corrosion monitoring CORROSION has a major economic impact on the oil refining industry. The replacement cost of damaged equipment is a substantial capital expense. Unplanned outages reduce throughput, lowering revenue and profit. More importantly, due...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... they are associated with massive economic impacts and frequently involve loss of life. Fig. 2 Appearance of (a) ductile and (b) brittle tensile fractures in unnotched cylindrical specimens. Courtesy of G. Vander Voort. Source: Ref 3 It is difficult to identify exactly when the problems of failure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
...Abstract Abstract Casting is one of the basic processes used for the shaping of steel. It is economical in both cost and time of production. Numerous components are produced from cast steel because of the advantages of the process. These advantages can best be described under the following...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... alternative to cast iron and brass pots, pans, and kettles. The cost of aluminum steadily declined, and by the end of the 19th century important engineering applications became economically viable. Aluminum in cast as well as wrought forms was a metal for its time. Three emerging markets coincided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Giken Company Ltd, Impact Innovations GmbH, and ASB Industries. Typical helium and nitrogen gas systems used in high-pressure cold spray processing are reviewed. high-pressure cold spray equipment spray systems gas supply system IN THE EARLY DAYS, all cold spray research and development (R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... economically and environmentally interesting. These properties, as well as the largely unrestricted shape of the cross-section geometry, are the basis for the trend to the development of ever more functional components with good appearance and corrosion resistance. The reason for the predominance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and tubes, screen tubes, the inlet section of steam reheater tubes, and areas of economizer bends and tubes. The extent of damage due to fly ash erosion multiplies if there is a nonuniform flow of flue gases in such areas. The impact by particles of fly ash in the flue gases causes abrasive erosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., chemists, mechanical engineers, and design engineers may consider surface-engineered components as an alternative to more costly materials. Surface Engineering to Combat Corrosion and Wear Economic Effects of Corrosion and Wear The progressive deterioration, due to corrosion and wear, of metallic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... cm). Gyratory crushers, cone crushers, jaw crushers, and horizontal and vertical impact crushers generally experience wear from Gouging Abrasion . Fig. 19-1 Suggested correlation between Vickers and mohs hardness for phases and microstructures in ferrous abrasion-resistant alloys and abrasive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... dramatic impact on the rest of the plant. EAFs are commercially viable from tens to hundreds of tons of capacity, depending mostly on local economic variables and product mix. The continuous growth of the number of EAF melt shops and its share of world steel production in the past decades as well...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
...Abstract Abstract Powder metallurgy (P/M) is a flexible metalworking process for the production of gears. The P/M process is capable of producing close tolerance gears with strengths to 1240 MPa at economical prices in higher volume quantities. This chapter discusses the capabilities...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., and an optimized index guideline for selecting the best material. Details on the benefits of AHSS on the life cycle of vehicles are provided. The chapter also provides information on recycling and the economics of AHSS. References References 16.1 World Steel Association, Sustainability Indicator...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... and the suitability of these welds to perform satisfactorily in service. It is necessary, therefore, that weldability include both the mechanical aspects, such as strength, ductility, and Charpy V-notch (CVN) impact toughness, and the corrosion aspects, such as resistance to intergranular attack (IGA), SCC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
..., thermal spray markets and applications, and process robustness, reliability, and economics. thermal spray markets thermal spraying Introduction and Background Thermal spray is regarded as a key surface engineering technology that underpins the competitiveness of critical manufacturing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract Induction heating is a rapid, efficient technique for producing localized or through heating in a wide range of industries. The economics as well as the technical feasibility of induction heating should be important considerations prior to investing in such a system. A number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... and the reliability of their products Thus, failures have a great impact on the society and its economy. Failures of structures can occur at various locations, for instance, at home, on the road, in a machine, in an aircraft, or in a big plant. Failure of an aluminum ladder in a home, which led to personal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
...Abstract Abstract Casting is one of the most economical manufacturing processes for providing shape to components of machinery and is used in a wide range of industries. This chapter is a brief account of the advantages, applications, limitations, and market growth of aluminum casting. It also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... or replacing a product formerly made of another material, have four major concerns ( Ref 1 ): Designing products that can be built as easily and economically as possible Ensuring product reliability Simplifying product maintenance and extending product life Ensuring timely delivery of materials...