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ductile-brittle transitions

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... it appears under various levels of magnification. It also discusses the ductile-to-brittle transition observed in steel, the characteristics of intergranular fracture, and the causes of embrittlement. brittle fracture crack nucleation crack propagation ductile fracture microvoid coalescence...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article discusses various factors influencing general polymeric behavior, ductile-brittle transitions, crazing, and the brittle fracture of polymeric materials. The discussion covers the effects of environment on glassy thermoplastic, several parametric descriptions of craze...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of these failure modes. Some body-centered cubic and hexagonal close-packed metals, and steels in particular, exhibit a ductile-to-brittle transition when loaded under impact and the chapter describes the use of notched bar impact testing to determine the temperature at which a normally ductile failure transitions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... fracture under certain conditions ( Ref 6 ). However, regardless of the type of test used to try to establish the ductile/brittle transition temperature, the general results are the same: the lower the temperature for a given steel, the greater the possibility that brittle fracture will occur. For some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter discusses the stress-strain response of ferritic microstructures and its influence on tensile deformation, strain hardening, and ductile fracture of carbon steels. It describes the ductile-to-brittle transition that occurs in bcc ferrite, the effects of aging and grain size...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... a transition temperature in this range. At temperatures below the transition temperature, the fracture is brittle and absorbs little energy in a Charpy test. Above the transition temperature the fracture is ductile and absorbs a large amount of energy. Figure 3.13 shows typical results for steel. Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the effect of processing variables on the mechanical properties of beryllium, including tensile and yield strength, fracture toughness, creep and fatigue strength, ductile-to-brittle transition, and notch sensitivity. It also discusses the effects of chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... or by brittle fracture depends on the stress; lower stresses favor brittle fracture. This ductile-brittle transition is analyzed in detail in Ref 9 . At each temperature, there is a critical stress for the ductile-to-brittle failure mode, as shown in Fig. 2 ( Ref 10 ). The transition stress from ductile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... temperatures. This chapter covers several types of component and material failure associated with wear, temperature effects, and crack growth. It examines temperature-induced, brittle, ductile, and fatigue failures as well as failures due to abrasive, erosive, adhesive, and fretting wear and cavitation fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... with smaller grains, leading to a higher fracture stress. Theoretical and experimental formulas for the grain-size effect on yield point, fracture stress, and ductile-brittle transition are given in the literature ( Ref 2.29 – 2.31 ). The famous Petch equation relates yield stress to grain size ( Ref 2.30...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., and a transition from ductile to brittle failure was also observed at this point. Thus, brittle fracture occurred even in low-speed tensile tests of an injection-molding grade of PC after exposure to 100% relative humidity for more than 12 days at 93 °C (200 °F). Extrapolations of Arrhenius plots based on 18 month...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the possible mechanisms of failure for heat treated steel components and discusses the techniques for examining fractures, ductile and brittle failures, intergranular failure mechanisms, and fatigue. It begins with a description of the general...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Abstract Steels with martensitic and tempered martensitic microstructures, though sometimes perceived as brittle, exhibit plasticity and ductile fracture behavior under certain conditions. This chapter describes the alloying and tempering conditions that produce a ductile form of martensite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... An average temperature of the small range, called the ductile-brittle transition temperature (DBTT), is often chosen to characterize the temperature where the transition occurs. The simple tensile test will detect this transition, but unfortunately, it detects DBTT values well below those that occur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... rate, the use of fracture indices and failure criteria, and the ramifications of crack-tip plasticity in ductile and brittle fractures. It goes on to describe the different types of plain-strain and plane-stress fracture toughness, explaining how they are measured and how they are influenced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... transition temperature where the molecule dramatically stiffens. Under monotonic loading, the competing processes of ductile fracture by deformation and brittle fracture are influenced by structure, loading conditions, and temperature. Deformation occurs by viscoplastic flow processes in noncrystalline...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... versus temperature but by more extensive impact testing that measures variation of the ductile-brittle transition temperature (DPTT) with the tempering temperature. It is often possible to tell if a steel has failed because of one of these embrittlement problems by examining the fracture surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... and specimen configurations that have been developed to measure the toughness of various materials. In this chapter, five of the more common methods are covered: impact ductile-to-brittle transition temperature testing, drop-weight testing, plane-strain fracture toughness, J -integral, and crack tip opening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... alloying. It then describes the different classes of alloying elements, their effect on mechanical properties and behaviors, and their influence on phase transitions and transformations. The chapter also discusses the role of intermetallic compounds and their effect on crystal structure and creep behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of a 2.5 mm (0.1 in.) thick specimen. Figure 3 ( Ref 53 ) illustrates how surface degradation of a plane strain tension specimen alters the ductile brittle transition in polyethylene creep rupture. Fig. 2 Effect of thin brittle film on stress-strain behavior of high density polyethylene. Source...