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distillation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., silica, and porcelain have also been plated. The following are examples of electroless nickel formulas: Formula 1 45 g nickel chloride 11 g sodium hypophosphite 100 g sodium citrate 50 g ammonium chloride 1000 mL distilled water pH 8.5–9, use at 194–212°F Plating rate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... corrosion resistant austenitic stainless steels, which is a major cost saving factor. Desalination technology is relatively new if one ignores the fact that distillation has been around for a very long time. Desalination in commercially viable quantities began with multistage flash technology...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... distillation Crude tower overhead X X Vacuum tower overhead X X Steam-jet vacuum system X … Fluid catalytic cracking, coker Fractionator overhead X … Compressed wet gas X … Absorber lean oil X … Debutanizer overhead X … Depropanizer overhead X … Hydroprocessing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...; detects carbides; etching time, a few seconds to 1 min or more For all grades of carbon steels, annealed, normalized, quenched, quenched and tempered, spheroidized, austempered Sodium metabisulfite A 8 g Na 2 S 2 O 5 , 100 mL distilled water General reagent for steel; results similar to picral...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... frequency of the tank. Fig. 5.5 Circuit schematic for a grid-trigger system used for high-speed operation of an RF power supply. From J. Davies and P. Simpson, Induction Heating Handbook , McGraw-Hill, Ltd., London, 1979 ( Ref 2 ) Distilled water, tap water, and deionized water have all been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
..., Casting and Distillation Process , J. Met. , Vol 16 A138 ( No. 9 ), p 693 Chalmers B. , 1964 . Principles of Solidification , John Wiley and Sons, NY Corle R.R. , Voiles K.E. , and Krenzer R.W. , 1978 . “ Casting Large Beryllium Ingots ,” Report RFP-2695, Rockwell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... the successful operation of a magnesium-reduction unit for making 40 kg (90 lb) batches of titanium. This unit was similar to the one previously reported, except for the batch size. In 1952, the Bureau reported the removal of magnesium and magnesium chloride from titanium sponge by vacuum distillation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of corrosion, immunity, and passivation. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Corrosion rates as a function of time for commercially pure magnesium. Curve A, distilled water vented to air through a caustic trap; curve B, distilled water vented to atmospheric CO 2 . Source: Ref 2 Table 2 Rest potential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... remains fairly independent of K until K Ic is approached. This latter effect is further illustrated in Fig. 3.16 ( Ref 3.32 ). Fig. 3.14 Effect of strength level on K IC and K ISCC for AISI 4340 steel. Source: Ref 3.30 Fig. 3.15 Crack growth rates in distilled water plotted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of vacuum distillation to produce hundreds of kilograms of distilled beryllium each year. A large factory building at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant was devoted to the distillation process, with some 40 units, each with a working volume of 1 m diameter by 2 m high. These units had both mechanical pumps...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Icrp Model , Miner. Process. Extr. Metall. Rev . Vol 14 ( No. 1 ), p 319 – 331 10.1080/08827509408914116 • Bunshah R.F. , and Juntz R.S. , 1966 . Purification of Beryllium by Crucible-Free Vacuum Melting and Distillation Process , Beryllium Technology, AIME , Vol 33...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
...) Macroetching austenitic stainless steel (AISI 300 series) Oberhoffer Distilled water: 500 mL Ethyl alcohol: 500 mL FeCl 3 : 30 g SnCl 3 : 0.5 g CuCl 2 : 1 g Use at room temperature, 20s immersion, approx. Segregation. Dendritic structure. Iron rich areas are normally darker. Fry Distilled water: 100...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... with acid leaching for many years, but now vacuum distilling (with possible inert gas sweep) is widely used to produce a pure titanium by more completely removing the magnesium chloride byproduct. Vacuum distilling results in lower residual levels of magnesium, hydrogen, and chlorine than does acid leaching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... [ Miller and Boyd 1967 ]: Environment Chemical reaction Methyl alcohol and distilled water Immediate Methyl alcohol and Freon (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co.) Strong Methyl alcohol and perchloroethylene Chemical reaction Methyl ethyl ketone and Freon In 3 min Methyl ethyl ketone...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... products, and the fundamental refining process is fractional distillation. Crude oil is put into a reactor that is heated; as the heating progresses, different components are emitted. The components with the lowest molecular weight come off first, and what remains may be bitumen, tar, or wax. A typical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
...; fco, face-centered orthorhombic; rhom, rhombohedral; tet, tetragonal; hex, hexagonal; comp, complex; cu, cubic; mono, monoclinic. (b) Approximate. (c) Sublimes. (d) At 25 °C. (e) Distilled metal. Source: Ref 1 Reference 1. Ko H.S. , Paik K.W. , Park L.J...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... × 10 −6 /s. F denotes fracture of specimen. Arrows indicate the time when the solution was removed from the cell and the specimen rinsed with distilled water. Subsequently, traction testing was continued in air. in experiment No. 1, the unstressed specimen, installed in a CERT machine, was exposed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... tons/year), and Union Carbide Corporation (7500 tons/year). The new production was to meet a goal of 22,000 tons/year forecast to fill the needs of the aircraft and jet engine producers. One additional company, National Distillers and Chemical Corporation, entered sponge production (7500 tons/year...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... was done by wiping with trichloroethylene.): Immerse for 3 to 4 min in a solution of 20 wt% sodium hydroxide in distilled water maintained at 77 to 82 °C (170 to 180 °F). Rinse with cold water. Oven dry at 135 to 149 °C (275 to 300 °F) for approximately 15 min. Bond or prime as soon as possible...