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direct semisolid metalworking

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the properties and attributes of various classes of metalworking lubricants, including mineral oils; natural oils, fats, derivatives, and soaps; synthetic fluids (olefins, esters, polyglycols, ionic liquids); compounded lubricants (oils, greases, fats); aqueous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... viscometers and, more recently, machines with EHD contact conditions indicate the gradual solidification of lubricating fluids on reaching some critical pressure. Both direct observation and interpretation of experimental results indicate that at this pressure the lubricant molecules become aligned...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers the tribological properties of different types of oil, greases, solid lubricants, and metalworking and traction fluids. It explains how lubricants are made, how they work, and how they are applied and tested. It also discusses the fundamentals of lubrication...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... out in that direction. A similar argument can be made for the formation of the tertiary arms. The spacing of the secondary arms is proportional to the rate at which heat is removed from the casting during solidification, with faster cooling rates producing smaller dendritic arm spacings. Dendrites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.9781627084598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... the roughness, after waviness and error of form have been removed and the x direction is compressed [ 1 ]. Reprinted by permission of Pearson Education, Inc. On a finer scale, the surface exhibits waviness and roughness . The shorter wavelength portion of the remaining signal is the roughness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... on a press are often examples of direct and indirect extrusion. Forging processes take place on large workpieces in open die forging, but also can produce miniature parts in microforging. Microforging generally uses the same processes as closed die forging, but at much smaller length scales [ 6 , 7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... properties required for the application may rely on the strength, toughness, or stress-corrosion cracking resistance in a direction other than longitudinal. Design-caused failures include inappropriate geometries defined on the engineering drawing, which may lead to a compromise of component or system...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... requires more sophisticated equipment and instrumentation, but gives a direct method of measuring frictional forces. (a) In drawing round wire, the difficulties are substantial. Strain gages applied to the outer die surface give a measure of hoop stress, but evaluation is affected by nonuniform...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract This chapter deals with the mechanics and tribology associated with the extrusion of bars, sections, and tubes. It covers direct and indirect extrusion processes in detail and demonstrates the use of important equations, relationships, and measurements for determining pressure, force...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... pressure. Optional secondary processing is often used to obtain special properties or enhanced precision. The P/M process offers a number of advantages over other metalworking processes, including: Elimination or reduction of machining (near-net or net shape parts) High production rates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
... Abstract This chapter covers the mechanics and tribology of sheet metalworking processes, including shearing, bending, spinning, stretching, deep drawing, ironing, and hydroforming. It explains how to determine friction, wear, and lubrication needs based on process forces, temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... be obtained from direct measurements on the system in question under its typical operating conditions. The deformation at asperities and junctions is extremely localized, and very high temperatures may therefore be generated over very short periods of time. At these local hot spots, rapid oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6