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dimensional change

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Published: 30 April 2020
Fig. 7.31 Laser dilatometer data collected on the dimensional change during solvent binder (PW, paraffin wax; PP, polypropylene; PE, polyethylene) removal for a carbonyl iron powder compact immersed in heptane. The compacts undergo sudden swelling at the start of the exposure but slowly shrink More
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Published: 01 June 2007
Fig. 4.12 Effect of the percentage of –325 mesh fraction on the dimensional change of 410L powder for sintering in hydrogen at various temperatures (2100, 2150, and 2200 °F) and for two sintering times (30 and 60 min). GD, green density. Source: Ref 14 . Reprinted with permission from MPIF More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 17 Dimensional changes in a 70 mm steel (0.15% C, 1% Mn, 0.75% Cr, 0.85% Ni) bar after austenitizing and then quenching in water or oil. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 29 Effect of tempering time on dimensional changes for a 0.94% C steel quenched from 815 °C (1500 °F), and then (a) tempered at 95 °C (200 °F), (b) tempered at 230 °C (450 °F) More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 5.12 Dimensional changes occurring in weldments: (a) transverse shrinkage in a groove weld, and (b) longitudinal shrinkage in a groove weld; and distribution of longitudinal residual stress: (c) angular change in a groove weld, and (d) angular change in a fillet weld. Source: Ref 5.7 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 10-15 Dimensional changes in O1 tool steel as a function of tempering temperature. Curve 1, Latrobe Steel Co.; curves 2 and 3, Uddeholm Company of America, Inc.; curve 4, Allegheny Ludlum Industries Curve Hardening temperature Hardening medium Specimen size Dimension measured More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 11-14 Effect of tempering temperature on the hardness and dimensional changes of A2 tool steel after cooling from 945 °C (1730 °F). The steel contained 1.00% C, 0.65% Mn, 0.30% Si, 5.20% Cr, 1.00% Mo, and 0.25% V. Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 12-20 Dimensional changes during hardening of D3 tool steel as a function of forging reduction. Data were obtained from 20 mm (0.8 in.) cylindrical specimens from square and round bars subjected to various amounts of forging reduction. Source: Ref 27 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 12-21 Average dimensional changes of D2, D3, and D5 tool steels after hardening and as a function of tempering temperature. Values reported are the average change of three principal dimensions in a block 25 by 50 by 150 mm (1 by 2 by 6 in.) in size. Data from Latrobe Steel Co. Type More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 13-23 Effect of tempering temperature on dimensional changes in chromium hot-work tool steels. Values represent the average dimensional change in three principal directions of a block 25 by 50 by 150 mm (1 by 2 by 6 in.) in size. Courtesy of Latrobe Steel Co. Type Composition More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 14-48 Dimensional changes as a function of tempering temperature in an M2 high-speed tool steel quenched from three different austenitizing temperatures. More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 17-22 Dimensional changes in air-hardened D2 tool steel as a function of tempering temperature and orientation. Courtesy of Latrobe Steel Co. More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 17-23 Dimensional changes in air-hardened H13 tool steel as a function of tempering temperature and orientation. Courtesy of Latrobe Steel Co. More
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Published: 30 April 2024
Fig. 11.16 Dimensional changes when eutectoid steel is heated above the A 1 temperature (path ABCD ) and slow cooled (path DCBA ) or quenched (path DEF ). Steel expands when it is hardened to martensite. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Abstract This data set contains approximately 50 growth curves for a wide range of aluminum casting alloys at various temperatures. Growth curves are used to determine the dimensional changes that must be anticipated during service in applications where close dimensional tolerances are required...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
..., such as temperature and pressure, and powder characteristics, such as particle size and shape, influence the quality of manufactured parts. It describes the various stages of metal powder compaction, the role of lubricants, and how to account for dimensional changes in the design of tooling and process sequences...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter examines the properties, structure, and applications of wood and wood products, including plywood, paper, and cardboard. It discusses the dimensional changes that occur due to moisture content and compares several types of wood based on radial and tangential shrinkage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Abstract Distortion is defined as an irreversible and usually unpredictable dimensional change in a component due to thermal processing or temperature variations and loading in service. This chapter describes two types of distortion: size distortion and shape distortion. It addresses how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... and finishing, and distortion and dimensional change. distortion finishing fractures grinding heat treatment mechanical design microstructure quality tool steel toughness Tool steels are remarkable materials which must perform the most difficult tasks of any structural materials...
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Published: 30 April 2020
Fig. 3.17 Outline of a vertical dilatometer for measuring phase changes or thermal expansion during heating. The sample is contacted by a counterbalanced probe to quantify the dimensional change versus temperature during heating. More