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digital solidification analysis

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... in thickness from some preset standard and provide a digital readout and a permanent record of results for statistical analysis. The use of measuring systems employing capacitance, electrical contact, or linear displacement transducers are capable of high accuracy and the output can be linked directly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... in the last two digits of these designations indicates that the carbon content (in hundredths of a percent) is to be inserted. Source: Ref 1.13 Chapter 1: Introduction Purpose of Text, Microstructure and Analysis, Steel Definitions, and Specifications / 7 Table 1.2 UNS Designations for ferrous metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... comparative character or are used to indirectly inform users about a different feature of the material. It is thus of fundamental importance that the conditions defined in the standard are completely adhered to, even if the person performing the analysis believes there is a better or more efficient way...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... costs. Input for these programs is done via a digitizing tablet using scale drawings or layouts. While these foundry engineering programs are a very useful tool, they are not solidification simulators, whose objective is to predict three-dimensional freezing patterns and potential shrinkage porosity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... grid, similar to rectangular brick elements that lend themselves to several applications, including flow analysis and solidification analysis of simple geometries. This simplified grid cannot replicate the complex contours of castings. The 3D profile tracking ability is important in stress analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract Many of the structural characteristics of steel products are a result of changes that occur during solidification, particularly volume contractions and solute redistribution. This chapter discusses the solidification process and how it affects the quality and behaviors of steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of electron microscopy in metallographic analysis. It explains how electrons interact with metals and how these interactions can be harnessed to produce two- and three-dimensional images of metal surfaces and generate crystallographic and compositional...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... identify the manufacturer, date of manufacture, original size of material, material specification, and number of the original heat of steel traceable to analysis and physical properties. If you are unfamiliar with identification marking procedures, do not assume a part is unmarked. Find out by asking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... the segregation of these elements (see Chapter 8, “Solidification, Segregation, and Nonmetallic Inclusions,” in this book). The reader is cautioned to the fact that very low sulfur steel is produced for many applications (e.g., hydrogen-induced cracking or HIC-resistant steel, high-toughness plates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... This enhances the reduction of chemical heterogeneities caused by solidification segregation in the ingot. Furthermore, small pores and cavities naturally occurring during the solidification processes may be eliminated by “forge welding” as long as an adequate stress state is present, together with sufficient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... To determine what was possibly different in the three shipments, the foreman gave a sample of bar from each of the different shipments to a chemist for a complete chemical analysis, and an identical set of samples to a metallographer. After drilling chips from each bar and conducting a “wet” chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... in the fields of electronics, computing, and software technology. Commercial image analysis systems transform the analog image of the microstructure into a digital image in order to make it suitable for measurements in a required quantitative format and then actually measure values of interest. The two main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... Abstract Weldment failures may be divided into two classes: those identified during inspection and mechanical testing and those discovered in service. Failures in service arise from fracture, wear, corrosion, or deformation. In this article, major attention is directed toward the analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the various inspection methods used with metals and alloys, namely visual inspection, coordinate measuring machines, machine vision, hardness testing, tensile testing, chemical analysis, metallography, and nondestructive testing. The nondestructive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... analysis. However, it does not specify other requirements and properties. It uses a three-digit numbering system, with the prefix “type,” for identification of the steel. Some numbers may take on a one- or two-letter suffix to indicate modifications to the composition (e.g., type 303Se, for selenium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.9781627082655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... structure microstructural analysis quantitative fractography quantitative microscopy 6-1 Introduction Metallurgists have relied, in general, on qualitative descriptions of microstructures. Structural features are rated by comparison to charts describing many types of structural features. For some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... isotopes, and the alpha particles emitted by spontaneous decomposition can cause electronic circuits to generate spurious digital signals. Although lead is nominally cheap, being only an eighth of the cost of tin, certified low-alpha lead is much more expensive. The price of low-alpha lead roughly doubles...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... in the cube shown have the same atomic arrangement. These are known as crystallographic equivalent planes. A little analysis will show that all of these planes consist of the same three numbers, namely 1,0,0. Crystallographic equivalent planes are known as family planes and are denoted by putting the integers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6