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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., detergents, gasoline, lubricants, and sealants, may seriously reduce the mechanical properties of plastics. It is therefore important for design engineers to consider the effects of environment on plastics. The most serious problems arise when a material is exposed to aggressive fluids under stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... recommended practices for removing various substances from stainless steel surfaces ( Ref 9 ). Table 2 Cleaning methods for uncoated stainless steel Requirement Suggested method (a) Comments Routine cleaning of light soiling Soap, detergent, or dilute (1%) ammonia solution in warm clean...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... critical applications. For example, virgin PET is used for bottles, and recycled PET is used mainly for fibers for carpets and fiberfill. New high-density polyethylene (HDPE) also is used for bottles, but recycled HDPE is used for drainage pipes, laundry detergent bottles, floor tile, and picnic furniture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... finish are avoided. Table 1 summarizes some cleaning recommendations based on the contaminant to be cleaned. Table 1 Recommended cleaning methods Contaminant Cleaning recommendation Comments Exterior soiling Soap, detergent, or dilute ammonia Use a soft cloth or sponge, clean water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... concentrates that are diluted in water to concentrations of 5 to 30% for dip tank applications and of 0.05 to 5% for spray applications. Water base emulsifiers function by displacing excess surface penetrant from the surface of the part by detergent action. The force of the water spray or air agitation of open...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of concrete, a phenomenon often seen on bridges and in parking garages. Glass resists many chemicals, including detergents and acids, but is attacked by HF and concentrated alkalis. Glass may crack when the temperature changes rapidly and also is susceptible to fracture from impact. Glass liners can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and coal tar products including dyes and drugs, storage batteries, production of natural and synthetic rubber, and synthetic detergents. Sulfuric acid is made by the contact process, in which elemental sulfur or sulfur-containing waste is burned to form sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ). Sulfur dioxide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... organometallic molecules that attach to the powder and also react with the binder ingredients. Detergents are everyday examples. Some additives help control powder dispersion, polymer viscosity, and tool lubrication. Examples are stearates, stearic acid, or magnesium stearate, as well as phosphates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
...-in-oil (natural petroleum), which has tiny droplets of a water solution dispersed throughout an oil. The oil-in-water type can easily be washed off with water and light detergent. The water-in-oil type leaves a greasy film that is much more difficult to remove. Alkaline cleaning is the mainstay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... to etching and corrosion. Salt in a fingerprint may severely etch a beryllium surface. The etching may also interfere with the application of any subsequent passivation coatings, in that the continuity of the coating may be disrupted and thereby decrease its effectiveness. An alkaline detergent-type bath...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...) or salts of these compounds. Hydrocarbon solvents Water with soap, detergent, trisodium phosphate, or other surface active agents, which emulsify Dilute oxidizing acids like nitric acid Mild acids such as phosphoric acid The effectiveness of a cleaner relates mainly to the contaminant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... . The constant-load test involved subjecting a double-edge-notched specimen of the same dimensions to various loads in a detergent solution until failure. The data are shown in Table 2 . Fig. 10 The bent-strip test for polyethylene. Appropriate dimensions are given in Ref 41 . Table 2 Constant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... are frequently required to resist exposure to highly deleterious materials. For example, decorative finishes, such as those on home laundry equipment, must resist detergents, and paint films on equipment powered by gasoline engines must withstand attack from gasoline. Paint films also may be required...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... detergent) ( Ref 28 ). The resulting emulsion is frozen while the water-based binder is gelling. After extraction of the paraffin wax with supercritical CO 2 , the formed body is sintered. Figure 11.16 shows an SEM of the SUS 304L stainless steel foam surface (80% porosity, pore sizes from 20 to several...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Detergents Calcium and barium soaps, etc. Friction modifiers Sulfur, phosphorus, and chlorine compounds, etc. Antiwear Tricresyl phosphate, zinc dialkyldithiophosphate, etc. Varnish control Oxidation-resistance aids Extreme pressure Proprietary Emulsifiers Proprietary Some...