1-20 of 532 Search Results for

defects sources

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., leaving a vacant lattice site behind. Fig. 2.1 Vacancy point defect. Source: Ref 1 The number of vacancies increases exponentially with temperature according to: (Eq 2.1) n v = N e − E v / k T where n v is the number of vacancies at temperature, T ; N...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... productivity, equipment manufacturers have developed innovative features such as live CAD-overlay to provide multiple sources of information that help users understand samples structure and defect source. The trend of increasing complexity, higher density, and finer feature size of packaging and MEMS devices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... in a cubic cell. Source: Ref A.1 Fig. A.25 Example of Miller-Bravais directional indices for hexagonal planes. Source: Ref A.3 as published in Ref A.1 Fig. A.29 Vacancy point defect. Source: Ref A.5 as published in Ref A.1 Fig. A.32 Foreign atom point defects. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... of billet-dummy interface, showing the radial flow Fig. 5 Progressing piping defects. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 6 Internal voids in 7016 bumper extrusion Fig. 7 Mechanism of internal voids Fig. 8 Duplex structure in 7075 extrusion Fig. 9 Schematic representation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
..., and the frictional drag drops. (c) Use of a die diameter of proper size can prevent flare. Fig. 15 Classification of aluminum extruded section. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 25 Speed crack on a 6082 extrusion. Source: Ref 16 Fig. 26 Streaking after anodizing with back-end defect. Source: Ref...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... using ultrasonic transducers of (a) high and low penetration (ability to detect defects at distances within the solid), and (b) high and low resolution (ability to separate echoes from closely spaced defects). Source: Ref 1 Air is a poor transmitter of sound waves at megahertz frequencies. Also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...] . Figure 86 (a) Conventional top down approach for interconnect defect localization using e-beam energy that is low enough so that there is no EBIC signal. (b) Backside approach shows where bulk silicon has been removed and the e-beam is incident on the backside source/drain/gate layers of the sample...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... >200 >8 3.2 0.125 Source: Ref 2 Fig. 9.15 Grain-boundary oxidation and melting due to overheating during forging. Unetched. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.8 Quench cracks in axle shaft flange radius. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.9 Quench crack in induction-hardened shoulder...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... as illustrated in Figure 2 . In Figure 2 , the investigated specimen is electrically stimulated by a power source. The stimulation, however, is repeated at a fixed repetition rate, which is referred to as the lock-in frequency. The periodic excitation of a resistive defect will lead to a periodically pulsating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... 6.1(b) illustrates the locators on a brake caliper. Fig. 6.1 Datum planes and their application. Source: Ref 1 The locator position needs to be chosen early in the design stage. The choice requires a collaborative effort among the component designers, casting engineers, tooling design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... is performed using a NIR source. The source wavelength must be large enough to take advantage of silicon’s greater transparency to infrared light, but small enough to generate electron-hole pairs in the diffusion regions of the IC. Figure 14 displays how a defect can be localized using LIVA from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter identifies the primary causes of service failures and discusses the types of defects from which they stem. It presents more than a dozen examples of failures attributed to such causes as design defects, material defects, and manufacturing or processing defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... current exists even when a voltage is across the drain-source. Open defects have several forms and their electronic behavior is much more diverse than bridges. Defect location and physical dimensions are important open variables. Six open defect behavior classes are [1 , 4] Simulations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... treatment 15 … Design errors 11 16 Unanticipated service conditions 8 10 Uncontrolled environmental conditions 6 … Inadequate inspection/quality control 5 … Material mix 2 … Inadequate maintenance … 44 Defective material … 7 Unknown … 6 Source: Ref 16...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...) SEM image of a cross section through the defect site. Fig. 7 (a) Optical image, (b) and (c) fixed phase lock-in thermal images of an IC with a permanently applied supply voltage and a triggered control input. (c) is a contrast-enhanced presentation of (b) Fig. 8 (a) Optical image...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...: Interaction at the Defect Site SDL Example: Interaction at a Transistor with a Floating Gate SDL Example: Interaction with Metal Routing Further Discussion on SDL Sites at Transistors Cross-Sectional View of OBIC Sources Examples of Well OBIC Sources in LADA Images The Drift (Fast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... contour will influence the response. Fig. 12.10 Mobile automated scanning system. Source: The Boeing Company Radiographic inspection is normally used to look for microcracks in solid composite laminates and is used extensively to detect defects in honeycomb assemblies. Radiographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... 85 85 Axial compression modulus (b) , 10 6 psi 8 9 (a) 60 fiber vol%. (b) Axial properties are for quasi-isotropic laminates. Source: Ref 5 Strength degradation due to fastener hole defects Table 3 Strength degradation due to fastener hole defects RTD tension...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Fig. 5.4 Effect of travel speed on isotemperature contours of low-carbon steel for 4.2 kJ/s (1000 cal/s) heat input. Source: Ref 5.2 Weld metal solidification behavior controls the size and the shape of grains, the extent of segregation, the distribution of inclusions, the extent of defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56020001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-389-8
... and their relevance in design and manufacturing. It begins with a review of compositional impurities, the physical arrangement of atoms in solid solution, and the factors that determine maximum solubility. It then describes different types of structural imperfections, including point, line, and planar defects...