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data reduction

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... more difficult to produce as the force rating goes up. Microprocessors for Testing and Data Reduction Measuring Load Strain Measurement Numerous groups have developed standard methods for conducting the tensile test. In the United States, standards published by ASTM are commonly used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... affects crack growth rates in each of the three stages of progression. Using images, diagrams, and data plots, it reveals how cracks advance in step with successive stress cycles and explains how fatigue crack growth rates can be determined by examining striations on fracture specimens and correlating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of Thermodynamic Data 5.3 Reduction of BeO 5.4 Reduction of Beryllium Halides 5.5 Hydrogen Reduction 5.6 Thermal Decomposition of BeI<sub>2</sub> 5.7 Electrolytic Reduction 5.8 Refining of Beryllium by Distillation References References Brewer L.M. , 1950a . Thermodynamic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the role of inverse analysis in providing input data for finite element simulations of metal forming processes. It describes the basic procedures for determining flow stress and friction by inverse analysis and for comparing experimental measurements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... (1380 to 1560 °F) have shown that the factor of life reduction is in the range 2 to 10 ( Ref 43 and 44 ). Data of Whitlow et al suggest life reduction by as much as a factor of 10 4 for IN 738 tested at 705 °C (1300 °F) (type II corrosion). Under realistic stresses and chloride concentrations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... polarization curves (solid curves) assuming Tafel behavior for the individual oxidation and cathodic-reactant reduction polarization curves (dashed curves) Fig. 6.3 Schematic experimental polarization curves (solid curves) assuming active-passive behavior for the individual metal-oxidation curve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... surface tension acting on grain-boundary segments contributes to grain growth and how the formation of new grains, driven by phase transformations and recrystallization, lead to a reduction in average grain size. It also discusses the effect of alloying elements on grain growth rates, particularly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... reduction. This will significantly improve fuel efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Figure 1.18 shows historical and projected increase in use of AHSS per vehicle from 1975 to 2015. Also included in the figure are data for the total amount of HSS content, which includes AHSS, HSS, and BH...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... considerably to raise the fatigue design limits, but not to the level of wrought alloys. Generally, improvement in fatigue properties and reduction in the scatter of fatigue data are achieved through HIP. Also, heat treatment modification, such as the beta-STOA, may contribute to a general improvement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
.... This conclusion will be better understood following the discussion later in this chapter in the section “Insight into Cause of Life Reduction due to Tensile Mean Stress.” It is of historical interest to point out that the cyclic straining test data of Liu, Lynch, Ripling, and Sachs ( Ref 3.4 ), discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Min yield strength Elongation, % Reduction in area, % N C O H MPa ksi MPa ksi 1 0.03 0.10 0.18 0.0125 (b) 0.0100 (c) 241 35 172 25 24 30 2 0.03 0.10 0.25 0.0125 (b) 0.0100 (c) 345 50 276 40 20 30 3 0.05 0.10 0.35 0.0125 (b) 0.0100 (c) 448 65 379...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... → 1/2 H 2 + OH – . This reaction is accompanied by further increases in current density as the potential is decreased. The direct reduction of water becomes the dominant reaction at higher potentials as the pH is increased; the data imply that this is the main reduction reaction in deaerated water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... affect PMC properties. Layup and stacking sequence Manufacturing process control Testing and data reduction procedures: These may not resemble the real situation. Scaling effect: Failure load prediction using material coupon test data is not compatible with actual failure load in full...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... with higher hold temperatures, but the rate of change slows with longer sintering times. Such behavior is treated by using sintering models, where the monitor, Y , such as shrinkage (or neck size ratio, surface area reduction, or densification), depends on hold time, t , and temperature, T , via...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... location influence measured properties. It also provides information and data on the physical and mechanical properties of superalloys, particularly tensile strength, creep-rupture, fatigue, and fracture, and discusses related factors such as directionality, porosity, orientation, elongation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... hot dies at a temperature in excess of 1100 °C (2010 °F), at which temperature the forging reduction of medium-sized ingot billets that have undergone hot isostatic pressing can be as much as 80%. For the data shown, n equals approximately 0.33. This value varies with alloy, purity...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... are important, and an increase in mean stress will always cause a reduction in the fatigue life ( Fig. 14.8 ). A number of mathematical models have been developed that allow the effects of mean stress on stress amplitude to be predicted from fully reversed-bending data. Goodman developed a linear model, while...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... process parameters are the dewpoint of the sintering atmosphere and the cooling rate after sintering. Because these and other parameters are of critical importance to corrosion properties of sintered stainless steels, only publications providing critical processing data and/or permitting unambiguous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... with manganese content for austenitic manganese steel containing 1.15% C. Data are for castings weighing 3.6 to 4.5 kg (8 to 10 lb) and about 25 mm (1 in.) in section size that were water quenched from 1040 to 1095 °C (1900 to 2000 °F). Flow under impact is the total reduction in height sustained...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... system for calculating velocity and temperature fields in cold upsetting of a cylinder. [ Lahoti et al., 1975 ] The calculated results for the grid points P 1,1 , P 1,5 , and P 1,8 in Fig. 6.1 are compared with experimental data in Fig. 6.2 . As expected, temperatures increase with increasing...