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cutting tool properties

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels, low-alloy special-purpose tool steels, mold tool steels, high-speed tool steels, and powder metallurgy tool steels. This chapter provides discusses the manufacturing process, composition, properties, types, and applications of these tool steels and other cutting tool materials, such as cemented...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... smearing, galling, and seizing. This can lead to a total tool breakdown. Use rigid setups: Rigidity of the machine tool and workpiece ensures a controlled depth of cut. Although the basic machining properties of titanium metal cannot be altered significantly, their effects can be greatly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... conductivities than tool steels. Cermets, on the other hand, are more wear resistant than cemented carbides, but may not be as tough. The performance of either carbide or cermet cutting tools is strongly dependent on composition and microstructure, and the properties of cemented carbide tools depend not only...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
..., and long products all are frequently machined. This fundamentally involves the removal of a layer of material from the workpiece with a cutting tool one or multiple times until a finished or semifinished part is produced. Machining, in itself, is a complex topic with many variables. Rather than attempt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... operations are conducted and describes the effect of tooling materials, cutting speeds, metal-removal rates, and other variables. It also explains how to assess and remove surface damage caused by machining such as microcracks and twins. beryllium machining surface damage References...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract Tool steels are a special class of alloys designed for tool and die applications. High-speed steels are a subset of tool steels designed to operate at high speeds. This chapter describes the composition, properties, heat treatment, and use of wrought and alloyed tool steels, high-speed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... (or its coating) relative to the workpiece material is a requisite property for crater resistance. Fig. 12 Crater wear, flank wear, and depth-of-cut notch wear processes. (a) Schematic of wear mechanisms. (b) Crater wear on a cemented carbide tool produced during the machining of plain carbon steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... applications, the general trend in the cutting tool industry has been to take advantage of the grindability and toughness properties resulting from P/M processing to upgrade to higher-performance higher-vanadium alloy compositions. Thus, the base alloy compositions listed are P/M M3 and P/M M4, which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... the cutting oil with mineral oil permits better mobility (and cooling) without seriously impairing the properties of these chemically active oils. Active cutting oils are preferred to soluble oils when surface finishes are critical and when HSS cutting tools are being used. Note: If sulfurized or chlorinated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... down as in a classical tensile failure, but others showed evidence of cut by a shearing tool. A criminal act was suspected. Further investigations revealed that a disgruntled worker had sabotaged the operation by hacking about half the cable with an axe, thereby reducing the load bearing capacity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... geometry, cutting fluid, machine settings, and the properties of the workpiece material ( Ref 13.1 – 13.16 ). The machinability of a metal affects machining costs from the standpoints of tool life, surface finish, power consumption, and chip form. The relative ease of metal removal for equal tool lives...
Book Chapter

By Soumya Subramonian
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... and skeleton are completely separated. The cutting force decreases rapidly during this phase. Fig. 1.4 Load-stroke curve of a blanking/piercing operation A way to reduce the maximum force on the tool would be to change the design of the punch such that it is stepped or has an angle on the punch...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... carbides seem to be good for abrasion resistance from large abrasive particles ( Fig. 8.12 ). Fine carbides are needed to hold a cutting edge, and no carbides produces better toughness. Thus, selecting a tool steel for abrasion resistance usually requires compromises for mechanical properties. However...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., the part is removed from the tool and postcured at 350 °F (175 °C) to optimize its mechanical properties and elevated-temperature resistance. Lower-temperature postcures can be used if the service temperature is lower. During the initial cure, the part develops enough green strength to prevent it from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... again form last. To reduce these variations in thickness, overlay forming can be used. In overlay forming, the sheet that will become the final part is cut smaller than the tool periphery. A sacrificial overlay sheet is then placed on top of it and clamped to the tool periphery. As gas is injected...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... properties of a component. For example, coatings that increase the hardness, strength, and toughness can improve the component wear, fatigue, and erosion properties, respectively. Electrical properties in circuit design are dependent on surface-deposition processes. Similarly, environmental properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... properties and the resin-to-core interface bond tends to deteriorate with age, which can lead to skin delaminations. Polyurethane foams can be readily cut and machined to contours, although hot wires should be avoided for cutting since harmful fumes can be released. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) foams...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... such as drilling, milling, cutting, and grinding Joining processes such as welding, soldering, and brazing The major focus of this chapter is on the metallurgical aspects of these basic metalworking technologies. In any process, the properties of the work material directly influence the methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., in order to retard hardness reduction at the high temperatures developed in cutting processes. Toughness should be of an acceptable level and reduce chipping and cracking, but this property is low when compared to other tool steels due to extremely high hardness and the amount of carbides in high-speed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...., 1997 ] It should be mentioned that this is an ideal (theoretical) load-stroke curve that does not take friction forces, inconsistent material properties, and tool and machine inaccuracies into account. This means that experimentally obtained load-stroke curves may be slightly different...