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crystallographic texture

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... International , 2005 12.1 Cold Work 12.2 The Effects of Subcritical Annealing in Steels for Forming 12.3 Crystallographic Texture <xref rid="t59220403-ref13" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 13)</xref> 12.4 Following Recrystallization Using Microscopy 12.5 Medium-Carbon Steels 12.6 Electrical Steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... as a result of crystallographic texture is called texture strengthening ( Ref 5.2 , 5.3 ). It is most pronounced in alpha-titanium alloys and offers a potential method for improved design in biaxial stress applications such as rocket cases and pressure bottles. Resistance to additional amounts of cold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... . With increasing degrees of deformation, the original grains are severely distorted, to the point where they fracture into smaller grains. Heavy cold working also leads to a preferred orientation, or texture, in which the grains become oriented along certain crystallographic planes in a preferred manner...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... is linear. Other, less important sources of strengthening are interstitial solid solution strengthening, grain size effects, second-phase (beta) effects, ordering in alpha, age hardening, and effects of crystallographic texture. Aluminum in Ti-6Al-4V gives rise to some tendency toward ordering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... of high strength and ductility and a reorientation of crystallographic texture. At room temperature, the microstructure of Fe-Mn alloys is dominated by the presence of cubic α-martensite at low manganese content, and hexagonal ε-martensite at high manganese content. Both types of martensite can also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., they are also diffracted. In recent decades, with the improvement in detectors and computational power, the diffraction information from the BE has turned into an important source of complementary structural information. Crystallographic texture, relative orientation of grains, crystal structure, phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... For this reason, all beryllium products should be formed at elevated temperatures, generally 540 to 815 °C (1000 to 1500 °F) and at slow speeds. The primary factors influencing the formability of beryllium are grain size, texture, impurity content, prior metalworking history, ductility as a function...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... on the specific alloy. Wrought alloys also develop crystallographic texturing during mechanical deformation, leading to anisotropic mechanical properties. For example, a rolled sheet with a tensile strength of 220 MPa (32 ksi) and 2% elongation measured parallel to the rolling direction may display higher...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... on the alloy and its heat treatment, orientation, and loading rate. Because of the significant anisotropy (crystallographic texture) developed during α or α/β forging and/or rolling of a phase, α and α/β titanium alloys generally exhibit a pronounced preferred orientation for the stress-corrosion fracture path...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... There is no limit to the thickness of the sprayed part. The process is most cost-effective for thin parts where significant amounts of machining would otherwise be required. A constant or variable profile thickness with uniform texture can be built up on a substrate using a computerized program. Depending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-processing. Beta processing and/or final β-heat-treatment improves both air and aqueous toughness by improving chemical homogeneity, randomizing crystallographic texture, and providing a structure with greatest crack-path tortuosity. As discussed previously for α-alloys, α-β alloys containing higher...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
.... , On the Importance of Crystallographic Texture in the Characterization of Alpha Based Titanium Alloys , Scr. Metall. , Vol 2 , 1976 , p 17 – 21 10.1016/0036-9748(77)90005-9 • Boyer R.R. et al. , Comparative Evaluation on Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al Cast, PM and Wrought Product Forms , Powder Metall. Int...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... volume fractions of the alpha phase can be quite anisotropic with respect to fatigue performance. Because the texture in alpha-beta alloys can be varied to a larger extent than in alpha alloys, the effect of crystallographic texture on fatigue behavior has been mainly studied in Ti-6Al-4V. In contrast...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to become flat stock, they may retain a preferred crystallographic orientation, called texture , as a result of the deformation. This nonrandom crystal structure can cause the material to have higher strength in the through-thickness direction. This directional variation in properties is called anisotropy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... ] Specific crystallographic directions are characterized by high rates of growth leading to preferentially orientated columnar grains that suppress others and enable a cast structure to develop. Preferred growth direction is the reason for the formation of fir tree dendrites seen, for example, in cast iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...) the (311) peak is used. For further information about using x-ray diffraction for measuring residual stresses, consult the references at the end of the chapter. Another application of x-ray diffraction is to measure the crystallographic texture or orientation of the crystalline grains in a sample...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... low-alloy ferritic stainless. AL 466 is recognized as S40930 Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the alloy composition, metallurgy, mechanical behavior, stabilization, texture, anisotropy, high-temperature properties, and corrosion and oxidation resistance of ferritic stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... or crystallographic texture during deformation. According to Eq 1 , if the constitutive equation for stress-strain behavior is of the form σ = Kε n , then a logarithmic plot of true stress versus true strain results in a straight line with a slope equal to n. However, this is not always found to be the case...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... are favored to produce (111) [110] cube on corner crystallographic textures of the batch annealed sheet. Steel sheets with (111)[110] texture have ferrite grains oriented to minimize dislocation motion on slip systems that cause thinning and necking instability. Microstructures with these textures have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... recrystallization and grain growth. Other microstructural features that can affect properties include oxide inclusions, porosity, grain size and shape, and crystallographic textures that can lead to anistropic properties. Strengthening of non-heat-treatable alloys is a result of a combination of solid-solution...