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crevice corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter explores the behavior of stainless steel in media that promote corrosion. The forms of corrosion covered are uniform corrosion, atmospheric corrosion, localized corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and grain boundary corrosion. The chapter discusses the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... discussion on the causes of the various forms of corrosion associated with liquids, namely pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, and erosion corrosion. The chapter also contains tables listing corrosion rates of sulfuric acid and fuming sulfuric acid. It...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter provides information on the structure, design aspects, mechanical properties, forming, machining, and corrosion resistance characteristics of duplex stainless steels. The different types of corrosion covered are general corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... property and performance data. It also discusses the effect of various alloying elements on pitting, crevice corrosion, sensitization, stress-corrosion cracking, and oxidation resistance. austenitic stainless steel duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel martensitic stainless steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... chlorides’ ability to destroy it. The key is to choose an alloy rich enough in chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen to withstand any environment the structure will experience. Pitting corrosion, and another similar form of corrosion called crevice corrosion , can be prevented by proper choice of alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... (ruthenium additions of 0.10% have been found to have the same effect). In addition, work on alloying for thermodynamic stability has resulted in Ti-2Ni, which was developed for service in hot brine environments where crevice corrosion is sometimes a problem. Figure 2 shows the effects of palladium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... Crevice corrosion is, however, more severe and usually design limiting vis-à-vis corrosion. Crevices can exist not only in deliberate joints but also under environmental deposits, paint films, weld splatter, etc. There are other environments in which the resistance follows different rules, such as...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract Titanium is a lightweight metal used in a growing number of applications for its strength, toughness, stiffness, corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, and high-temperature operating characteristics. This chapter discusses the applications, metallurgy, properties, compositions, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., silicon, and nickel affect the physical and mechanical properties of coppers and high-copper alloys as well as brasses, bronzes, copper-nickels, and nickel silvers. It also explains how alloying affects electrical conductivity, corrosion resistance, stress-corrosion cracking, and processing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
..., this type of corrosion results from the precipitation of the K 1 carbide, usually on grain boundaries, of either ferrite or austenite. %C less than approximately 0.02 Pitting (crevice) Small pits develop holes in the passivating film, which set up what is called a galvanic cell, producing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alternating oxidizing and reducing conditions Cobalt Improves high-temperature strength and oxidation resistance Controlled thermal expansion addition Molybdenum Improves high-temperature strength May reduce oxidation resistance Improves resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion Improves...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... sulfuric). In addition, it has excellent resistance to crevice corrosion and SCC. MP35N is also biocompatible and is used for surgical implants. Molybdenum enhances resistance to corrosion within the active regime and improves resistance to crevice corrosion. ...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... tendency increases with chromium and molybdenum content, which is another reason why the lean duplex alloys are so attractive. For subsea use, 22Cr duplex generally requires cathodic protection because of the risk of crevice corrosion. 25Cr duplexes are used without cathodic protection. Duplex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... the corrosion, and the interaction between corrosion and other failure mechanisms. Uniform, pitting crevice, galvanic, and stress-corrosion cracking are the most common types of corrosion. Uniform corrosion is characterized by corrosive attack proceeding evenly over the entire surface area or a...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... families; see Section 3 . Here, we briefly summarize: Pitting and crevice corrosion resistance, as well as general corrosion resistance, are enhanced by chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, and nitrogen and carbon in solution. Localized corrosion is caused by chromium depletion, which occurs when...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... resistance to localized corrosion, general corrosion, and crevice corrosion are chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen. Since nitrogen is essentially insoluble in ferrite, it cannot contribute to the corrosion resistance of ferritic stainless steels as it can in austenite. Other alloying elements, such as copper...