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crack initiation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract This appendix presents an analytical model that estimates damage rates for both crack initiation and propagation mechanisms. The model provides a nonarbitrary definition of fatigue crack initiation length, which serves as an analytical link between initiation and propagation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) of metals and their alloys. It is intended to familiarize the reader with the phenomenological and mechanistic aspects of stress corrosion. The phenomenological description of crack initiation and propagation describes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... prior to crack initiation and the other after the crack has started. Although the method accounts somewhat better for loading-order effects, the transition in behavior that the rules presume to model occurs prior to any signs of cracking. Two modified versions of the double linear damage rule method...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed, fracturing at the root above the fir tree region. Fractography indicated that a fatigue crack initiated at the trailing edge of the blade and the final fracture occurred when the crack reached critical length. Although the exact...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... , SAE. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 21 Log strain versus log reversals to failure. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 27 Cumulative damage during high-to-low loading sequence. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 28 Development of extrusions and intrusions during fatigue crack initiation. Source: Ref 8...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract Two filtration components installed on a developmental aircraft cracked during pressure impulse testing. Both parts were made from an aluminum alloy, solutionized and aged, and cracked due to fatigue. In both cases, the crack initiated at a transition region on an inner...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article is a detailed account of the mechanisms of fatigue failure of polymers, namely thermal fatigue failure and mechanical fatigue failure. The mechanical fatigue failure is discussed in terms of fatigue crack initiation and fatigue crack propagation. thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... and even cause total crack arrest. They also present the results of a study on crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in circular (rather than rectangular) specimens and a fatigue study on ductile and quasi-brittle materials. crack arrest crack growth retardation crack mechanics fatigue crack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... initiating at the corner of the inner rim near an inclusion. The report recommends the use of a cleaner material and more carefully controlling case hardening process. aircraft engine energy-dispersive X-ray spectrophotometry fatigue crack initiation fractography gears visual examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... strain hardening and softening, both of which lead to premature failure. It then discusses the stages of fatigue fracture, using detailed images to show how cracks initiate and grow and how they leave telltale marks on fracture surfaces. It goes on to describe fatigue life assessment methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews fatigue test methodologies, provides an overview of general fatigue behavior (crack initiation and propagation) in engineering plastics, and discusses some of the factors affecting the fatigue performance of polymers. In addition, it provides information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270156
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on these findings, investigators concluded that the failure was due to a fatigue crack initiated from a corrosion pit, which may have been caused by chemicals released by the burning of bonding resin. fatigue fracture corrosion pits SEM fractography tail rotor blades visual examination...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... that the blade failed due to fatigue, the crack originating from corrosion pits at the transition region of the root on the convex side of the airfoil and propagating inward. The pit acting as a stress concentrator would have given rise to the initiation of a crack. The blade failed by fatigue, the fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... surface indicated that cracking initiated at the outer periphery of the strut and propagated inward until overload fracture occurred. SEM imaging revealed fatigue striations along the outer periphery and dimples elsewhere, indicative of tensile overload. Based on these observations, investigators...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on the fracture characteristics, as described in the report, the vane failed in fatigue due to a crack that initiated in an area of stress concentration. fatigue failure fractography water turbine runner Summary Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-intensity on crack propagation rates, and describes several mechanical fracture models, including corrosion tunnel, film-induced cleavage, and tarnish rupture models. crack initiation crack propagation stress-corrosion cracking STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) is a term used to describe service...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., investigators concluded that the nickel-base superalloy blade was exposed to high temperatures and stresses, initiating a crack that propagated under cyclic loading. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation and the insights acquired using scanning electron fractography, metallography, and hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... deviation between labs 2.86 2.57 (a) Because K ISCC is subjectively determined with the cantilever bend test, no meaningful statistical information could be obtained. Influence of cutoff time on apparent <italic>K</italic><sub>ISCC</sub> using the stress-corrosion cracking initiation method...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... effects, foreign particles, and stresses generated by rolling contact. crack growth crack initiation dislocations fatigue mechanism plasticity rolling contact Introduction There has always been an aura of mystery regarding why metals, and materials in general, fail in fatigue...