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cost estimation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... of the article to be designed. This is followed by a discussion on several stages necessary to define the geometry of plastic parts. Details on the strength of and cost estimation for plastic parts are then provided. The article ends with a section providing information on the structure, properties, processing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... pertinent, application-dependent) factors can be employed to estimate the economic feasibility of candidate induction heating processes. Several typical examples are given below to illustrate the methodology. Heating of Steel Billets Prior to Forging Cost analyses for the induction heating of steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
..., rests not just on the cost of the starting stock material (e.g., bars, plates), which is closely related to the alloy content, but also on the cost of the heat treatment, and on the subsequent success of the manufactured component. For example, the best choice may require a more expensive steel which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Also, the panel estimates that 15% of previously unavoidable corrosion costs can be reclassified as avoidable. The industry is estimated to have eliminated some 35% of avoidable corrosion by improved practices. In examining the aircraft, pipeline, and shipbuilding sectors, the panel reported...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... form ready for shipment Reducing the CO<sub>2</sub> Cost of Aluminum Products The smelting process is by far the largest factor affecting aluminum’s environmental impact, and it is estimated that primary aluminum production contributes nearly 2% of total global emissions. The refining process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... where die cost per part is large. Improved dent resistance Strain hardening of the material during stretching in SHF-D improves the dent resistance of the hydroformed part as compared to the stamped part, because parts under the punch face are hardly stretched/strained during conventional stamping...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
...; these in turn are transferred to the Foundry group which will submit improvements in the way of layouts, marked drawings, and cost estimates. After an agreement is reached the production of final drawings is done by the detail drafting group and so on. Serial engineering is still the best approach in many...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
..., and general management. This trend towards broad input clearly indicates the need for an established purchasing policy that defines the responsibilities of the people involved and the extent of their authority. The objectives of the steel casting buyer still remain: acceptable costs, quality, reliability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... with soap and water, the cars looked as good as new. VIA Rail estimated that the cost of restoration would be less than $1 million per car, which they figured was probably about half of what it would cost for a new car. In other words, it could be said that each stainless steel shell is worth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
..., agitation motors, and much more. If this is the case, those numbers should be used instead of some of the “educated” estimates presented here. With good record keeping, the data can then be used to determine the number of hours over which the costs will be distributed. In the method described herein...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-strength composites because of their small diameter; they contain far fewer defects (normally surface defects) compared to the material produced in bulk. As a general rule, the smaller the diameter of the fiber, the higher its strength, but often the cost increases as the diameter becomes smaller...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... cost of the process bath equipment. Fig. 1 Internally heated salt bath furnace with immersed alloy electrodes and ceramic tile lining Fig. 2 Internally heated salt bath furnace with submerged graphite electrodes and a modified brick lining for use with carburizing salts Atmosphere...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... estimates of the cost of poor quality consistently place these costs at 15 to 50% of the total cost of doing business ( Ref 1 , 2 ). One can argue about the exact amount, but the important thing to note is that such costs are significant. The name notwithstanding, and even though it is usually diffused...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... is the injection-molding machine cost multiplied by the cycle time. This total system cost is a rough estimate used to rank materials/designs that meet the part performance requirements. In addition, the manufacturing constraint of flow length for the part thickness must be considered. The entire process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... consequences of failure) Availability and delivery time Need for further testing Material costs Fabrication costs Maintenance and inspection costs Return or investment analysis Information necessary for estimating corrosion performance Table 2 Information necessary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... and reduced costs. One of the major environmental and societal challenges for the 21st century is the global increase in urban pollution—which results from the growing demand for petroleum consumption—and its adverse effect on the global climate. The estimated number of automobiles in the world...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
.... The chapter discusses general guidelines for developing a layout. plant layout process planning sand casting facility A MANUFACTURING facility’s location and the layout of the process equipment are two critical factors that impact product flow, productivity, operating efficiency, cost...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
.... Recycling these materials, the user can reduce the environmental impact and save reprocessing and disposal costs. Photographic film, plates, and paper; electrical and electronic parts; jewelry; and spent catalysts are sources of silver for recycling. It is estimated that 26% of the annual usage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Abstract This chapter presents a relatively simple method for estimating forging loads and flow stresses. The method uses the slab analysis technique and accounts for material properties, friction and heat transfer, press ram speed, forging geometry, and billet and die temperatures. The chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of life extension of a typical fossil power plant may be only 20 to 30% of the cost of constructing a new plant and that the benefit-to-cost ratios are very high ( Ref 1 ). Similar estimates for other types of plants are not available. The term “life extension” has often been misunderstood...