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corrosion prediction

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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 2 Corrosion rate prediction flow chart. Source: Ref 9 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter examines methods of internal corrosion prediction for multiphase pipelines and details methodologies to perform internal corrosion direct assessment for natural gas pipelines. Further, real-time monitoring techniques for assessing actual corrosion at critical locations...
Image
Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 6 Effect of sulfur content on corrosion rates predicted by modified McConomy curves in the 290 to 400 °C (550 to 750 °F) temperature range. Source: Ref 112 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 6.17 Observed and predicted relationships of crack growth rate versus corrosion potential for furnace-sensitized type 304 stainless steel at a constant K of approximately 27.5 ⁢  MPa m ⁢ ( 25  ksi in. ) . The observed data were obtained in water More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 7.14 Modified McConomy curves providing predicted corrosion rates as a function of temperatures for various steels in a liquid hydrocarbon stream containing 0.6% S. Source: Ref 38 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 7.15 Effect of sulfur content in hydrocarbon streams on corrosion rates predicted by the modified McConomy curves in the 290–400 °C (550–750 °F) range. Source: Ref 38 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter provides a brief account of galvanic corrosion, which occurs when a metal or alloy is electrically coupled to another metal or conducting nonmetal in the same electrolyte. It begins by describing the galvanic series of metals and alloys useful for predicting galvanic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... tests for evaluating/predicting galvanic corrosion fall into two categories: electrochemical tests, in which the data are analyzed and reported in a way that assists galvanic corrosion predictions (e.g., potential measurements and polarization measurements) and specimen exposures, which can or cannot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... and discusses applications of those concepts. Thermodynamics describes equilibria as a function of the elements and compounds present and the environmental conditions, such as pressure, temperature, and chemical composition. Thermodynamics is used to determine whether corrosion can occur and to predict...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... on predictive modeling as well. corrosion potential Irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking predictive model radiation damage radiation-induced segregation stainless steel IRRADIATION-ASSISTED STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (IASCC) describes premature cracking of material/environment systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... This section addresses the mechanisms of corrosion that produce cracking of metals and intermetallic compounds as a result of exposure to their environment. This cracking may take the form of relatively slow, stable crack extension with a predictable growth rate or, as is often the case, unpredictable...
Image
Published: 01 July 2000
Fig. 7.74 Schematic representation of the effect of scan rate on potentiodynamic polarization curve of an active-passive type alloy and the range of potentials of predicted stress corrosion cracking More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... improvement in the corrosion resistance at the same level of %Cr. Calculations ( Ref B1 ) predict that the austenite formed at 1100 °C (1830 °F) in 440C should contain approximately 0.73% Mo in addition to 12.2% Cr. The alloy 325M is shown in Fig. B1 , and it is seen to fall essentially on the tie line...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion attack. Some of the atmospheric parameters and their effects on the corrosion of several metals are then reviewed. The following sections provide information on air chemistry, principal pollutants inducing corrosion, thermodynamics as well as models for prediction of atmospheric corrosion, and use...
Image
Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 5.16 Corrosion potential of 2535 as a function of temperature in Cl − + H 2 S systems: two concentrations of Cl − and three concentrations of H 2 S in the gas phase. The dots are experimental results, and the lines are predictions obtained from the model. Source: Ref 5.51 More
Image
Published: 01 July 2000
Fig. 5.42 Approximate polarization curves for iron, nickel, chromium, and titanium in 1 N H 2 SO 4 . Approximate cathodic polarization curves for reduction of nitric acid, dissolved oxygen, and hydrogen ions. An explanation for predicting corrosion behavior based on intersection of anodic More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... as the result of two factors. First, emphasis was placed on the use of air cooling to increase firing temperatures. Second, as the metal temperatures approached 870 °C (1600 °F), hot corrosion of buckets became a more life-limiting factor. Together with the increased use of more contaminated fuels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... produce immediate failure. It describes crack growth mechanisms, explains how to measure crack growth rates and predict time to failure, and provides crack growth data for a number of materials and environments. ceramics environmentally enhanced crack growth glass stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... are observed. Values of i p are frequently of the order of 10 mA/m 2 corresponding to corrosion rates of about 25 μm/year (1 mpy, or mil per year). The theoretical predictions or experimental determinations of the composition, thickness, and structure of films responsible for passivity are difficult...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ciktmse.t56080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-460-4
... structure-property relationship (QSPR) and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models, aiming to correlate chemical structures with inhibition performance and thereafter predict high-efficiency corrosion inhibitors. Such advancements in high-throughput assessments, large library generation...