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corrosion inhibition

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and pipelines. The following sections provide information on the factors influencing corrosivity of produced fluids and the methods of inhibitor application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... influenced corrosion. It ends with some information on the inhibition of corrosion by the action of bacteria. microbiologically influenced corrosion biofilms corrosion prevention corrosion rate A GREAT VARIETY of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) are present in virtually all natural...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
.... The chapter discusses the factors that influence the growth and quality of this naturally passivating film, particularly the role of oxidizing and inhibiting species, temperature, and alloying elements. It also discusses the effect of different corrosion processes and environments as well as hydrogen, stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... is achieved by the addition of inhibitive pigments to paints. Sacrificial protection is achieved by coating the substrate with a more active metal. This results in the substrate becoming the cathode in the corrosion cell. Galvanized steel, which is comprised of a thin layer of metallic zinc over a steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Feedstock , Paper 498, presented at Corrosion/97 , NACE International, 1997 • Veldman R.R. , “ Alkanolamine Solution Corrosion Mechanisms and Inhibition From Heat Stable Salts and CO 2 ,” Paper 496, presented at Corrosion/2000 , NACE International, 2000 • Wilhelm S.M...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... conventional corrosion inhibition of steel. These more corrosion-resistant alloys have been utilized most extensively in remote and/or offshore operations where costs related to corrosion and its control are typically higher than for more conventional onshore oil-field applications. As wells are being drilled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... durability is the one with the FPL etch with a moisture-wicking adhesive (FM123). When the FPL etch is used with a more moisture-resistant adhesive (FM300), much better bond durability results. The best bond durability is the one with the PAA process used with a corrosion-inhibiting primer (BR127...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... and all other reducing acids changes dramatically when inhibitors ( Ref 14.1 , 14.2 ), often as inadvertent impurities, are present. Tables 14.6 and 14.7 list the important oxidizing agents and other corrosion-inhibiting compounds, as well as the effects these agents have in reducing attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... inhibition, or mechanical or electrical barriers to corrosive action. Many tests exist for establishing the reliability of protective coatings on metal substrates. Existing tests and standards are under continuous development, and new tests are being designed. Organizations active...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... suppliers have responded by producing corrosion-inhibiting coatings that have improved durability. The newest corrosion protection system, called phosphoric acid anodize ( PAA ) core , is shown in Fig. 9.11 . The core foil is first cleaned and phosphoric acid anodized. It is then coated with a corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... – 96 10.70 Rittenhouse J.B. , The Corrosion, Pyrophoricity, and Stress Corrosion Cracking of Titanium Alloys in Fuming Nitric Acid , Trans. ASM , Vol 51 , 1957 10.71 Bomberger H.B. , Titanium Corrosion and Inhibition in Fuming Nitric Acid , Corrosion , Vol 13 ( No. 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the occluded region solution and the bulk solution. Flow through crevices can inhibit the initiation of crevice corrosion by making the development of the aggressive environment in the occluded region more difficult. There are a variety of “flow-through” crevices, including support plates in heat exchangers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... are discussed. internal corrosion corrosion prediction natural gas pipelines real-time monitoring multiphase pipelines INTERNAL CORROSION IN PIPELINES is a significant problem in oil and gas transmission systems. Oil or mixed-phase transmission systems, due to the presence of an inhibiting oil...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter first covers some basic principles of electrochemical corrosion and then some of the various types of corrosion. Some of the more common types of corrosion discussed include uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract Stainless steels derive their name from their corrosion-resisting properties first observed in 1912. Two groups, working independently, concurrently discovered what came to be known as austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. Martensitic and precipitation-hardened stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... of primer. For parts that will undergo a severe service environment, priming is always recommended, because today’s primers contain corrosion-inhibiting compounds (e.g., strontium chromates) that enhance long-term durability ( Fig. 9.13 ). The two critical variables in corrosion of metal bonds are the metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... the weight loss and metal loss calculated from the measured current output agreed fairly closely. Fig. 6 Cavitation erosion-corrosion of cast 319 aluminum alloy studied by corrosion current versus time curves under potentiostatic control at –0.60 V relative to a calomel electrode. (a) Poorly inhibited...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... radius inhibits dislocation movement. Solid-solution hardening increases with atomic size difference, up to a maximum difference of approximately 10 percent in atomic size ( Ref 2 ). The use of high-melting-point elements as the solutes provides stronger lattice cohesion and reduces diffusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... that are porous and absorbent can cause corrosion when wet. If more cathodic metals, such as steel or copper alloys, are electrically coupled with the aluminum through these materials, galvanic attack can occur. Protective paint films on the cathodic metal, moisture barriers, or chemical inhibition are required...