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copper-matrix composites

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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 4 The effect of copper, nickel, and tin on the type of matrix in the composition range between CG and gray iron of 25 mm (1 in.) wall thickness More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... metal-matrix composite, or MMC, nomenclature). (b) Duralcan F3NxxS composites, containing virtually no copper or nickel, are designed for use in corrosion-sensitive applications. They are similar to 360/SiC/ xx p. (c) Duralcan F3S xx S composites ( xx = volume percent SiC particulate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... is the equilibrium precipitate. Composition of each phase and the matrix can be determined by the common tangent method applied to Fig. 16.12(a) . As each new precipitate forms, the matrix, α, becomes more and more depleted in copper. The GP zones and θ″ precipitates are resolved in transmission electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... tempers. Constituent particles are well known sites for pit initiation, due to galvanic interaction with the surrounding matrix ( Ref 4 – 7 ). Depending on initial composition, some constituent particles are cathodic to the matrix, and others are anodic. Some exhibit a changing galvanic effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... To produce a pearlitic matrix, therefore, it may be necessary to add higher than usual levels of alloying elements or to make multiple additions of two or three elements. Fig. 4 The effect of copper, nickel, and tin on the type of matrix in the composition range between CG and gray iron of 25 mm (1...
Image
Published: 01 March 2012
Fig. 16.12 Free-energy plots of precipitation sequence in aluminum-copper alloys. (a) Free-energy curve with common tangent points for phase compositions in the matrix. (b) Step reductions in the free energy as the transformation proceeds. C eq and C 3 , copper content of α eq and α 3 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the production, properties, and uses of high-alloy white irons. It explains how the composition and melt are controlled to produce a large volume of eutectic carbides, making these irons particularly hard and resistant to wear, and how the metallic matrix...
Book Chapter

By J. W. Ekin
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... superconducting composite strand are illustrated in Fig. 13.21 . The strand is made up of many superconducting filaments embedded in a high-conductivity normal-metal matrix, such as copper or aluminum ( Fig. 13.1 ). As many as ten thousand or more superconducting filaments may be combined into a single strand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... phase are interspersed with the solute-depleted matrix. Small additions of nickel or cobalt are used in beryllium-copper alloys to minimize this effect, since it adversely affects mechanical properties. A number of alloy systems that can be precipitation hardened are given in Table 9.1 . Aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, and uses of the most common beryllium alloys and composites. It provides information on beryllium-aluminum, beryllium-copper, and beryllium-titanium as well as beryllium-antimony and beryllium-iron systems. alloying elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
.... This chapter provides information on specifications and widely used designation systems and alloy nomenclature for aluminum casting alloys. It describes the composition of seven basic families of aluminum casting alloys: aluminum-copper, aluminum-silicon-copper, aluminum-silicon, aluminum-silicon-magnesium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Ductile irons are used in the as-cast or heat-treated conditions. As-cast matrix microstructures usually consist of ferrite, pearlite, or both, depending on the cast section size and/or alloy composition. Common heat treatments and their purposes and resulting microstructures include: Annealing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... The chemical composition of malleable iron generally conforms to the ranges given in Table 1 . Small amounts of chromium (0.01 to 0.03%), boron (0.0020%), copper (~1.0%), nickel (0.5 to 0.8%), and molybdenum (0.35 to 0.5%) are also sometimes present. Table 2 summarizes the effects of various elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract Engineers have many materials to choose from when dealing with weight-related design constraints. The list includes aluminum, beryllium, magnesium, and titanium alloys as well as engineering plastics, structural ceramics, and polymer-, metal-, and ceramic-matrix composites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article explains how alloying elements affect the properties and behaviors of electrical contacts. It describes the composition, strength, hardness, and conductivity of a wide range of contact alloys and composites based on silver, copper, gold, platinum, palladium, tungsten...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Their compositional ranges are given in Table 24.1 , and some of their distinguishing features are summarized in Table 24.2 . With the exception of white cast iron, all cast irons have microstructures that consist of a graphite phase in a matrix that can be ferritic, pearlitic, bainitic, tempered martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... rights reserved DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140299 www.asminternational.org APPENDIX 2 Abbreviations and Symbols A area KIc plane strain fracture toughness, critical value of plane strain- AFS American Foundry Society intensity factor AlMMC aluminum metal matrix composite AMS Aerospace Material Speci...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... in composition that they can be made to transform nearly entirely to martensite by thermal or mechanical treatment. This martensite can then be further hardened by the coherent precipitation of intermetallic compounds, elemental copper, nitrides, or even phosphides. This precipitation hardening can also be made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... nonferrous alloys respond to them. It provides information on aluminum, cobalt, copper, magnesium, nickel, and titanium alloys and their composition, microstructure, properties, and processing characteristics. heat treatment aluminum alloys cobalt alloys copper alloys magnesium alloys nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... reaction, producing α and β, where the β is almost pure lead. The microstructure of this alloy contains spherical β particles randomly distributed in a matrix of copper-rich α. Fig. 7.2 Monotectic reaction in copper-lead system. Source: Ref 7.2 as published in Ref 7.3 Because...