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copper alloys

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers the friction and wear behaviors of copper alloys. It describes the compositions and forms of copper available and their suitability for applications involving friction, different types of erosion, and adhesive and abrasive wear. alloy composition copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... copper. Nickel-chromium alloys are widely used for resistance heating elements. Iron-nickel alloys (called invars ) have essentially zero coefficient of thermal expansion, and they are key for some satellite applications where temperature extremes must be dealt with. The biggest use of nickel outside of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... steel (60 HRC preferred). If a shape other than a PM bearing is needed, a tin bronze such as ASTM International B584 alloy C90500 (88 Cu, 10 Sn, 2 Zn) can be used against hard steel and well lubricated. Large bearings for lathes and the like are made from such copper alloys. For very high loads, as in...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... , Adam Hilger , Philadelphia , 1987 • Walton C.F. , Ed. The Gray Iron Castings Handbook , Gray Iron Founders Society , Cleveland , 1950 Like copper alloys, cast irons are ancient in origin. There may be official estimates of when civilizations started using cast irons, but...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... application. Fig. 13.13 Corrosion on nickel-silver eyewear frames. The shiny area is gold plating. 50× optical magnification Fig. 13.14 Corrosion of a titanium eyeglass frame from body fluids (perspiration, etc.) Fig. 13.15 Corrosion of chromium plating on a copper alloy watchcase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... tribomaterials . For example, there is a chapter on copper alloys. Every machine designer knows very well that powder metal (P/M) bronze bushings are almost always a first choice for designs that require the rotation of a shaft in a bushing. They are cheap, very available, and they work very well in most simple...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
...) and metal is removed by corrosion. Thus, liquid erosion of metals can be conjoint with corrosion. Copper alloys are known to be susceptible to this kind of erosion and researchers have identified critical fluid velocities below, which liquid erosion is minimal. Thus, in soils and rock, the mechanism...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... 0.46 Acetal vs 316 SS 0.47 0.31 0.32 Hardcoat Al vs 316 SS 0.47 0.48 0.53 Copper vs 316 SS 0.59 0.54 0.48 Uncoated 6061-T6 Al vs 316 0.55 0.51 0.59 Cemented carbide vs 316 SS 0.33 0.28 0.80 Lead vs 316 SS 0.89 0.54 0.40 Zirconia (PSZ) vs 316 SS 0.32 0.35 0.33...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of the common nonferrous alloys that can be hardened through heat treatment. The nonferrous alloys covered include aluminum alloys, cobalt alloys, copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel alloys, and titanium alloys. age hardening aluminum alloys cobalt alloys copper alloys heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the solvent. Hence the term solid solution . Many (if not most) alloys of practical importance are solid solutions. For example, brass is a solid solution of copper and zinc. Copper pennies in the United States are 95% copper and 5% zinc. Nickels are 25% nickel and 75% copper. The key property of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... first condition is whether the maximum range of alloying elements exceeds one or more limits: Manganese: 1.65% Silicon: 0.60% Copper: 0.60% The other criterion in classifying a steel as an alloy is when a definite range or a definite minimum quantity of any of the elements specified or...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... they are austenite stabilizers, such as manganese, nickel, and copper, or ferrite stabilizers (for example, γ-loop formers), such as molybdenum, silicon, titanium, vanadium, zirconium, tungsten, and niobium (see also Figure 5 in Chapter 3 ). Ferrite stabilizers require a much lower alloying addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
..., chromium, cobalt, columbium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, zirconium, or any other element added to obtain a desired alloying effect. The specified minimum for copper does not exceed 0.40%. The maximum specified content does not exceed the following limits: manganese, 1.65...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... composition, classification, and properties of unalloyed and low-alloy cold-worked tool steels; medium and high-alloy cold-worked tool steels; and 18% nickel maraging steels. annealing cold-work tool steel distortion high-speed tool steel hot-work tool steel mold steel normalizing tempering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract Cast irons, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Like steel, heat treatment of cast iron includes stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, through hardening, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... carbon, less than its solubility limit, in pure iron substantially increases the room-temperature yield strength of the material ( Fig. 11 ). On the other hand, the substitutional solid-solution elements silicon, copper, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, aluminum, and chromium are far less effective as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... sulfur. Except for chromium, any of them may be restricted to a very low level or to a specific range for a specific alloy. Additional elements that may be intentionally added include aluminum, copper, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, and, in some cases, rare earth elements such as cerium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the Mechanical Properties of Low Alloy Steel Products , Hardenability Concepts with Applications to Steel , Doane D.V. and Kirkaldy J.S. , Ed., Metallurgical Society of AIME , 1978 , p 518 – 545 6. Totten G.E. , Dossett J.L. and Kobasko N.I. , Quenching of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.9781627083263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3