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continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Abstract Abstract This article briefly reviews abrasive and adhesive wear failure of reinforced polymers and polymer composites, namely particulate-filled polymers, short-fiber-reinforced polymers, polymers with continuous fibers, and mixed reinforcements and fabrics. It includes scanning...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... generally have a random orientation. Examples of continuous reinforcements include unidirectional, woven cloth, and helical winding ( Fig. 1.1a ), while examples of discontinuous reinforcements are chopped fibers and random mat ( Fig. 1.1b ). Continuous-fiber composites are often made into laminates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
.... Continuous fiber composites normally have a preferred orientation, while discontinuous fibers generally have a random orientation. Examples of continuous reinforcements ( Fig. 8.2 ) include unidirectional, woven cloth, and helical winding, while the discontinuous reinforcements shown are chopped fibers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... orientation. Examples of continuous reinforcements ( Fig. 1 ) include unidirectional, woven cloth, and helical winding, while the discontinuous reinforcements shown are chopped fibers and random mat. Continuous-fiber composites are often made into laminates by stacking single sheets of continuous fibers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... of the polymer matrix is to transfer the load between fibers as well as provide corrosion resistance, damage tolerance, and thermal and environmental stability ( Ref 1 ). Fiber-reinforced polymeric composites are developed from thermoplastic or thermoset resins combined with either discontinuous or continuous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... composites are the most widely used composite material. They are available in the widest variety of product forms, ranging from short chopped fibers that are randomly oriented within the matrix to unidirectional continuous fiber composites. The biggest advantage of glass fiber composites, especially those...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
.... , Ceramic Matrix Composite Fabrication and Processing: Polymer Pyrolysis , Handbook on Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites , Ceramics Information Analysis Center , 1995 , p 269 – 299 • Lackey W.J. and Starr T.L. , Fabrication of Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Composites...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... to 60% is the practical upper limit for volume fraction fibers in unidirectional alignments. It is even lower in woven or cross-ply reinforcement. Fig. 10.3 Glass fibers in a polyester matrix. Note the variability in fiber spacing. Source: Ref 10.2 Fabrication is much simplified...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... during the compression molding cycle. A typical GMT fabrication line is shown in Fig. 10.16 . Several reinforcements are available, including continuous fiber mat, chopped fiber mat, and unidirectional fiber mat, normally at a glass content of 40 volume percent. This process has gained a foothold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... and Elastic Modulus of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Material Some ASTM standards for composite compressive properties ASTM D 695-08 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics ASTM D 3410/D 3410M-03(2008) Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... They are used to reinforce thermoplastic parts where strength requirements are low to moderate and for reinforcing fillers in adhesives. Prepreg is an important product form in which either unidirectional fibers or woven cloth is impregnated with a controlled amount of resin. The resin is staged or advanced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., continuous, oriented fiber form; however, using preforms can reduce fabrication labor. A preform can be made using rovings, chopped, woven, stitched, or unidirectional material forms. These reinforcements are formed and held in place by stitching, braiding, or three-dimensional weaving, or with organic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... optical microscopy. bright-field illumination contrast microscopy dark-field illumination fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites fluorescence microscopy Interference microscopy macrophotography polarized-light microscopy reflected-light microscopy When viewing a polished fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... damage faster than it can be removed ( Fig. 4.3 ). Although diamond polishing medium is more expensive than alumina, and usually not required or recommended for polymer-matrix fiber-reinforced composites, this is one case where it is very useful, if not necessary. Fig. 4.2 Results of a diamond saw...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and military aircraft. However, in some of the newer models of commercial aircraft, carbon-fiber polymer-matrix composites are replacing these alloys. In addition, aluminum alloys are not embrittled at low temperatures and become even stronger as the temperature is decreased without significant ductility...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
.... The latter is tougher and highly resistant to delamination. Polymer-matrix composites are normally reinforced with continuous fibers of glass, carbon, boron, aramid, or ceramic. The preforms may be a unidirectional prepreg tape or a multidirectional fabric (e.g., woven, weaved, braided, or knitted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Polymers , Textbook of Polymer Science , 2nd ed. , John Wiley and Sons, Inc. , New York , 1971 2. Auer C. , Kalinka G. , Krause T. , and Hinrichsen G. , Crystallization Kinetics of Pure and Fiber-Reinforced Poly(Phenylene Sulfide) , J. Appl. Polym. Sci. , Vol 51 ( No. 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... nonferrous alloy, and the reinforcement consists of high-performance carbon, metallic, or ceramic additions. Reinforcements, either continuous or discontinuous, may constitute from 10 to 70 vol% of the composite. Continuous fiber or filament (f) reinforcements include graphite, silicon carbide (SiC), boron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... ) Fig. 12.54 Defining plies, orientation, loads, and stresses and strains in laminates of continuous fiber-reinforced matrix material. Source: Ref 12.24 Fig. 12.53 Two 8-ply laminates. (a) Symmetric. (b) Nonsymmetric Fig. 12.6 Incremental step test results for determining cyclic...