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connecting rods

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A pair of bolts on a connecting rod failed during a test run for a prototype engine. They were replaced by bolts made from a stronger material that also failed, one due to fatigue, the other by tensile overload. The fracture surfaces on all four bolts were examined using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract A tie rod on a 70-ton aircraft towing tractor failed during a test run, fracturing near a welded bracket that connects to a hydraulic jack. This chapter discusses the failure and the investigation that followed. It presents a close-up view of the fracture surface showing what...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., a connection (also called a pitman arm or connecting rod), and a slide (ram) guided by the gibs ( Fig. 10.1 ). Depending on the design, a press may have gear set(s) to reduce the speed and increase the torque ( Ref 10.2 , 10.3 , 10.4 ). Fig. 10.1 Schematic of a mechanical press with the major...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... of ForgePAL is included in Appendix 15.1 , given on the CD attached to this book. 15.5.1 Connecting Rod Forging 15.5.2 Forging of a Lead Disk with Flash Appendix 15.1: ForgePAL: A Computer Program for Estimating Forces in Hot Forging with Flash Any arbitrary three-dimensional forging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... B. , Altan T. , “ Investigation of Metal Flow and Preform Optimization in Flashless Forging of a Connecting Rod, ” Journal of Materials Processing Technology , Vol. 59 , 1996 , p 95 . 10.1016/0924-0136(96)02290-X [Vasquez et al., 1999] Vasquez V. , Walters J...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...: Prediction of Load for Forging of a Connecting Rod References References [Altan et al., 1973] Altan T. , Boulger F.W. , Becker J.R. , Akgerman N. , Henning H.J. , Forging Equipment, Materials and Practices , Batelle , 1973 . [Altan et al., 1983] Altan T...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... 12.3 . Another example, illustrating preforming for a truck axle forging, is seen in Fig. 12.4 . Fig. 12.3 Example of preforming by reducer rolling in forging of connecting rods. (a) Preforms prepared in reducer rolls. (b) Finish forging before and after trimming. [ Altan et al., 1973...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... drive presses. Multipoint presses are those in which two or more cranks are used to drive the same ram. Other methods of classification are: Frame type: C or closed frame Number of useful motions: Single or more Location of drive: Top drive (connecting rod subjected to compression...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... Buckling is a critical consideration in long, slender parts that must resist compressive axial forces. Typical examples are building and scaffolding columns, engine connecting rods and push rods, and tie rods in automotive steering linkages. Compression members such as these must be straight, because any...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... alloy piston during the test run of an 8-cylinder 1100 kVA marine engine because of a slight departure from alignment. After about 100 hours of test running at less than full power, one of the pistons broke into a multitude of pieces, some of which got pulverized. The connecting rod had worked its way...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... Fig. 2.2 Closed-die forging with flash. (a) Schematic diagram with flash terminology. (b) Forging sequence in closed-die forging of connecting rods Definition Equipment Materials Process Variations Application Fig. 2.3 Closed-die forging without flash Definition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Presses,” in this book. Stroke-Restricted Machines: These are usually mechanical presses, which are discussed in Chapter 10, “Mechanical Presses,” in this book. The kinematics of the slide motion are determined by the main drive (i.e., crank and connecting rod or pitman arm). The available machine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... with open dies. More complex shapes, thinner walls, and thinner webs may necessitate forging in a sequence of die cavities, as for connecting rods and crankshafts. By convention, closed-die hammer forging refers to hot working, although the concept also applies to cold working methods (such as coining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... products Piping, valves Die casting A 518 F Pistons, connecting rods, housings Die casting A 413 F Missiles Missile bodies, missile fins Investment cast C 355 T61/T62 Motorcycles Pistons Gravity permanent mold casting 242 T61 Air-cooled cylinder heads Gravity permanent mold casting...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Closed-die forging with flash. (a) Schematic diagram with flash terminology. (b) Forging sequence in closed-die forging of connecting rods. Source: Ref 9 Definition In this process, a billet is formed (hot) in dies (usually with two halves) such that the flow of metal from the die cavity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... on dynamometers for final outcome, but an engine consists of many tribosystems and each one must be designed and evaluated separately. There are accepted tests for the piston ring versus cylinder wall tribosystems; there are tests to evaluate connecting rod bearings versus crankshafts; there are tests to evaluate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... for electric hand irons 242.0 Heavy-duty pistons; air-cooled cylinder heads; aircraft generator housings A242.0 Diesel and aircraft pistons; air-cooled cylinder heads; aircraft generator housings B295.0 Gear housings; aircraft fittings; compressor connecting rods; railway car seat frames 308.0...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... engineers have at least an intuitive understanding of problems of force and displacement, finite elements are discussed here in terms of that class of problems. The principles are the same regardless of application. As an example, a connecting rod in an automobile engine undergoes millions or billions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
...Abstract Abstract The machinery and equipment required for rod and tube extrusion is determined by the specific extrusion process. This chapter provides a detailed description of the design requirements and principles of machinery and equipment for direct and indirect hot extrusion...