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condenser tubes

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... on the atomic structure of metals, the nature of alloy phases, and the mechanisms involved in phase transformations, including time-temperature effects and the role of diffusion, nucleation, and growth. It also discusses alloying, heat treating, and defect formation and briefly covers condenser tube materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... <0.1 0.4–1.0 <0.05 <1.0 bal Nominal chemical compositions of advanced ferritic and austenitic stainless steels used as condenser tubes Table 4.11 Nominal chemical compositions of advanced ferritic and austenitic stainless steels used as condenser tubes Type Grade C Cr Ni...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... the turbine, which is a little above its boiling point, enters the condenser, where it condenses back to water. A condenser is a shell-and-tube-type heat exchanger (or surface condenser) installed at the outlet of every steam turbine in thermal power stations. The condensers are heat exchangers that convert...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-Pile Structure Example 3: Condenser Waterbox/Impressed-Current System <xref rid="t55030184-ref26" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 26)</xref> Magnesium anodes are the only sacrificial anodes that are routinely specified for use in buried-soil applications. Most magnesium anodes in the United States...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., there is no carryover of solids. The main drawback of AVT is its lack of buffering capacity. For instance, if a condenser tube leaks or there is some other contamination of a similar nature, the alkalinity or pH of water drops quickly, promoting corrosion. In other words, AVT does not provide any protection against...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of Aluminum in Petroleum Refinery Equipment , Proc. API , Vol 31 ( III ), 1951 , p 89 – 98 16. Hilderbrand R.L. , Aluminum Exchanger and Condenser Tubes in Petroleum Service , Proc. API , Vol 40 ( III ), 1960 , p 118 – 130 17. Kolts J. , Wu J.B.C. , and Asphahani A.I...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... level Coker SCA, H 2 S Coke drums 409 Depending on crude corrosivity Gas plants H 2 S, water, Cl − , ammonia Compressor coolers, reboiler tubes AL-6XN, 2205, 2507 … Trays 410S, 316L … Amine plant Ammonia, MEA, DEA Reboilers, trays, filters, condenser tubing 304L, 316L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... bronzes Hot brine or steam Tin (destannification) Copper nickels High heat flux and low water velocity (in refinery condenser tubes) Nickel (denickelification) Copper-gold single crystals Ferric chloride Copper Monels Hydrofluoric and other acids Copper in some acids, and nickel in others...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... The third primary option for mitigating SCC is to change the alloy to one that is less susceptible to SCC in a given environment. An example of the application of this option is the SCC of brass condenser tubes in power plants. As reported by Beavers et al. ( Ref 7.67 ), a measurable percentage...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...EDS analysis on outer surface of the tube Table 6.7 EDS analysis on outer surface of the tube Element Amount by wt.% Carbon 8.12 Oxygen 16.59 Aluminum 2.68 Silicon 2.00 Sulfur 1.80 Chlorine (chloride) 0.88 Calcium 0.42 Iron 67.51 Thickness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... be checked as described in ASTM B 117, Appendix X3. Notes: May be the most widely misused test. Requires correlation to service tests for useful results. Do not assume correlation exists. 100% relative humidity (ASTM D 2247) Widely used test. Condensing humidity, 100% RH, 38 °C (100 °F). Emphasizes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... applications. 5052 Stronger than 3003 yet readily formable in the intermediate tempers. Good weldability and resistance to corrosion. Uses include pressure vessels, fan blades, tanks, electronic panels, electronic chassis, medium-strength sheet metal parts, hydraulic tube, appliances, agricultural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... insist on running the plant at 110% of the MCR or beyond in order to maximize production. This often results in continuous and sometimes severe over-firing of the equipment, leading to tube failure. Boiler feedwater comprises make-up water and condensate returns. The contamination of boiler feedwater...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to the formation of Na 2 SO 4 vapors, which then condense together with fly-ash particles on the pendant superheater and reheater tubes (i.e., in the hot section of the boiler). Similarly, in the case of oil-fired boilers, the combustion products of fuel oil contain sulfur, typically as Na 2 SO 4 . Sulfate salts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...-corrosion cracking of 7075-T6 plate is influenced by direction of stressing. Samples are alternatively immersed in 3.5% NaCl. Plate thickness: 6.4 to 38 mm (¼ to 3 in.) Fig. 5 Intergranular corrosion of a type 304L stainless steel tube in a shuttle orbiter ammonia boiler. (a) Test performed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... resistance to dezincification. Inhibited alloys have been extensively used for such components as condenser tubes, which must accumulate years of continuous service between shutdowns for repair or replacement. Addition of tin and phosphorus to copper produces good resistance to flowing seawater...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 12 N 0.015 0.60 NPS 0.005 0.20 E 600 N 0.005 0.20 NPS 0.005 0.20 System type Reason for oxygen contamination Inhibitor type (a) Pitting corrosion rate Tubing failure rate mm/yr mils/yr 10 hydraulic wells Transfer pump leaks N 16 630 50 leaks/yr...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... submersible Alvin is prepared for pressure testing. Courtesy of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Fig. 15.22 Welded titanium bike frame. Source: Ref 15.23 Fig. 15.21 Titanium tube bundle for heat exchanger Fig. 15.9 Titanium support structure for a jet engine thrust reverser...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Fig. 6.126 Erosion and longitudinal rupture of boiler tube due to misaligned soot blower Fig. 6.127 (a) Eroded surface of a screen tube near bend. (b) SEM image of area eroded due to furnace gases containing fly ash, 100× Fig. 6.131 Superheater tube cut by steam leaking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... the reactor mass to the condensing vessel. The condensing vessel is then prepared for separation and/or the beginning of the next Kroll reduction. The portion of original reactor mass that is pure titanium is generally removed via mechanical means, possibly aided by using a removable reactor vessel liner...