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concrete bridges

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of steel reinforcing bars in concrete in highway bridges and parking garages. Steel in contact with concrete is typically in a passive condition due to the buildup of a protective film on steel in the alkaline electrolyte within the concrete. In the presence of chloride ions in the electrolyte...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... cooling towers Al Cooling water pump diffuser Al Concrete bridge structures Zn or Zn-Al Grandstands Zn-Al Ski lifts Zn Decorative hand rails Zn Biocides used in cooling water systems Table 9 Biocides used in cooling water systems Microbiocide Effectiveness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Flatness Maintenance Repair Fabrication and Joining Fire Resistance Ecological Considerations Concrete reinforcing bar is one of the least glamorous uses of stainless steel in structures. In bridges, parking garages, and other concrete structures, saltwater can penetrate the cement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, properties, and uses of crystalline ceramics, glasses, clay, and concrete mixes. It also discusses the carbon structure of diamond, graphite, fullerenes, and nanotubes. amorphous carbon clay concrete mixes crystalline ceramics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... service or operation, improper maintenance, improper testing, assembly errors, fabrication or manufacturing errors, and design errors. The case of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse is presented to illustrate the consequence of overlooked factors, in this case, wind dynamics, and the importance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... dramatize it by reference to causes involved in spectacular mechanical failures resulting in high loss of human life, large financial losses, or severe setbacks in public goals. Indeed, publicized failures of aircraft, power turbines, bridges, or structures of high visibility have convinced the public...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... has little natural corrosion resistance, to be used in such corrosive environments as seawater, acid soils, salt-laden concrete, and many other corrosive environments. Properly designed and maintained cathodic protection systems can prevent corrosion indefinitely in these environments. Cathodic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., Al, Zn, and a high-Cr/Ni alloy Power transmission poles 85% Zn-15% Al Piping in power plant cooling towers Al Cooling water pump diffuser Al Concrete bridge structures Zn or Zn-Al Grandstands Zn-Al Ski lifts Zn Decorative hand rails Zn Source: Ref 3 Typical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...; ambient environment (seasonal changes, etc.); trace contamination of ionic species (for example, heavy metal ions, chlorine, ammonia, etc.) Miscellaneous sources Stray currents; conductive paths; composites (for example, concrete rebars) Summary of insulation materials properties Table 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...Compositional limits for weathering steel grades (ASTM A 588) used in building and bridge construction Table 2 Compositional limits for weathering steel grades (ASTM A 588) used in building and bridge construction Grade UNS designation Heat compositional limits (a) , % C Mn P S...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... for machine parts is that a cast surface texture can affect operation. Cast surfaces are much rougher than machined surfaces, and surface finish may be important in some tribosystems. Steels are ubiquitous. They are used in tribosystems such as precision watches and on lift bridge activation gear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... (approximately 180 million kg) of composites. The predominant material is continuous glass fibers manufactured by either lay-up or resin infusion. In construction ( Fig. 1.31 ), pultruded fiberglass rebar is used to strengthen concrete, and glass fibers are used in some shingling materials. With the number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... to causes for brittle fracture Tacoma bridge failure 1940 Aerodynamic instability and failure caused by wind vortices and bridge design Sophisticated analytical models developed for resonance Bridge design changed to account for aerodynamic conditions World War II Liberty ships 1942–1952 1289...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., bridges, freight cars, marine components, TV towers, drilling rigs, transportation equipment, missile components, and dump truck bodies. Good corrosion resistance 5086 Used in generally the same types of applications as 5083, particularly where resistance to either stress corrosion or atmospheric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... Ceramics has different definitions depending on the audience. The average person defines them as materials that can be made into dishes, cups, bowls, and floor tiles; some people would include bricks and concrete. There are two key words in the scientific definition (ASTM International) of ceramics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Of far more serious consequence is how corrosion affects our lives during travel from home to work or school. The corrosion of steel reinforcing bar (rebar) in concrete can proceed out of sight and suddenly (or seemingly so) result in failure of a section of highway, the collapse of electrical towers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
..., and other aspects of the process. Fabricators using incorrect resin impregnation and machines with somewhat random placement of fibers can often compete with large metal and concrete products because of the cost- and weight-savings for the customer. This allows the fabricator to waste resin and fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... factor in the decline of the integrated steel industry in the 1990s. Another was the inroads being made by the new minimill industry. The minimill industry, which had begun by making lower grade bars, angles, and reinforcing rods for concrete in 1970, had advanced to producing quality sheet...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... produces protective films of limited solubility that resist further corrosion. Such materials cause only superficial or mild surface attack, most of which occurs during initial stages of exposure. Drainage from freshly applied concrete, plaster, mortar, or stucco is highly alkaline and causes slight...