1-20 of 397 Search Results for

compression loading

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... Abstract The stress-strain curves in this data set are representative examples of the behavior of several cast alloys under tensile or compressive loads. The curves are arranged by alloy designation. Each figure cites the original source of the curve and provides pertinent background...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., which are simplified models of complex stress systems. Free-body diagrams of shafts in the pure types of loading (tension, torsion, and compression) are the simplest; they then can be related to more complex types of loading. This chapter discusses the principles of these simplest loading systems...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract The mechanical behavior of a material is its response to an applied load or force. Important mechanical properties are strength, hardness, stiffness, and ductility. This chapter discusses three principal ways in which these properties are tested: tension, compression, and shear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... is subjected to external loads in tension, compressive residual stresses counteract the applied tensile stresses and are thus beneficial. In contrast, a part that contains tensile residual stresses will yield plastically at a lower value of applied stress than a part without residual stress. With time, tensile...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... the fiber-to-matrix bond strength, the fibers themselves will then tend to fail through defibrillation, and no increase in properties is observed. Fig. 14.3 Relative compression strengths of unidirectional composites Although unidirectional aramid composites respond elastically when loaded...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This chapter reviews the fundamentals of stress, strain, and deformation and demonstrates some of the tools and techniques used to analyze how materials and structures respond to tension, compression, bending, and shear. It begins with an overview of the behavior of perfectly elastic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... International , 1987 , p 43 11. Rotem A. and Nelson H.G. , Residual Strength of Composite Laminates Subjected to Tension-Compressive Fatigue Loading , J. Compos. Technol. Res. , Vol 12 , 1990 , p 76 – 84 10.1520/CTR10182J 12. Whitney J.M. , “ Fatigue Characterization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... mechanical properties are strength, hardness, stiffness, and ductility. There are three principal ways in which a load may be applied, namely, tension, compression, and shear, as illustrated in Fig. 1 . A large number of mechanical property tests have been developed to determine a material response...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
.... The plastic strain resulting from cyclic stress initiates the crack; the tensile stress promotes crack growth (propagation).” Moreover, “although compressive stresses will not cause fatigue, compressive loads may result in local tensile stresses. Microscopic plastic strains also can be present at low levels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... as collapse due to compressive instability. It is most common when long, slender columns are compressed in an axial direction, or when thin-wall tubes are compressed in either an axial direction or a diagonal direction as a result of torsional loading. This type of failure also can occur on the compressive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., or the more versatile universal testing machine (UTM). UTMs have the capability to test material in tension, compression, or bending. The word universal refers to the variety of stress states that can be studied. Universal testing machines can load material with a single, continuous or monotonic pulse...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., pitting fatigue occurs on one or both mating surfaces under compressive load with the contact areas concentrated into either a line or point contact, depending on the geometries concerned. Actually, there will be either a broadened line or an elliptical contact area. Since the instantaneous-contact areas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... been observed in several amorphous polymer systems and are important in the inception of cracks under cyclic compression loading ( Ref 13 ). Qualitatively, it is easy to see that the size of the plastic zone increases with Δ K ; therefore, process zone shielding mechanisms are effective at high Δ K...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... smear lines that may resemble striations. This kind of damage also may occur when opposite sides of the fatigue fracture rub against each other during compression or shear loading of a crack. For example, a shaft in rotating bending has a tensile stress at one position (convex side) of the rotating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... specimens; mode II shear and shear fatigue failures were obtained using end-notched flexural specimens. Translaminar tension and compression specimens used either the notched-bend bar specimens with four-point loading or the specimen configurations defined in ASTM D 3039, “Tensile Properties of Fiber-Resin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... resulting from the application of cyclic stress initiates the crack, and the tensile stress (which may be localized tensile stresses caused by compressive loads) promotes crack propagation. In general, fatigue normally consists of a crack initiation phase followed by a crack propagation phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... iron too brittle to be workable. Cast irons were also brittle under tensile loads but provided excellent service under compressive loads. A beautiful example of the structural use of cast iron, where the components were designed for compressive loading, is the iron bridge built over the Severn River...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...-sectional area on which the force acts. In a multiaxial state of stress, plastic flow (yielding) depends on a combination of all stresses [ Thomsen et al., 1965 ]. Consider a metal plate subjected to tensile and compressive loading in the y-axis until the material yields. If the process is repeated using...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... fatigue occurs on one or both mating surfaces under compressive load is that the contact areas are concentrated into either a line or point contact, depending on the geometry. Actually, there will be either a broadened line or an elliptical contact area. Because the instantaneous contact areas may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... forms as shown in Fig. 15 . There is no universal method of graphically displaying tensile creep or, in fact, creep for compressive, shear, or flexural loading. Fig. 15 Graphic representation of creep data showing various ways to plot time-dependent strain in response to time-dependent stress...