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compression bending

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews the fundamentals of stress, strain, and deformation and demonstrates some of the tools and techniques used to analyze how materials and structures respond to tension, compression, bending, and shear. It begins with an overview of the behavior of perfectly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... mainly by bending operations such as compression bending, stretch bending, draw bending, and roll bending. Sheet forming includes various bending, stretching, and drawing operations—plus some special methods to develop surfaces with deep recesses (spinning, deep drawing) or shallow recesses (dimpling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Stress Distributions for Simple Shapes Effect of Service Conditions on Applied Stresses Summary Tension Torsion Compression Bending Interference Fit (Press or Shrink) Convex Surfaces in Contact Direct (Transverse) Shear Thin-Wall Pressure Vessels Subsurface-Origin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
..., and surface defects. The first three are largely associated with the evolution of tensile stresses at the extrados and compressive stresses at the intrados during the bending operation. Before the tensile stress at the extrados reaches the ultimate tensile strength, compressive stresses at the intrados reach...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... are of the same composition as the plunger material. Pitting was seen at the fork ends of three plungers. The fractures at the fork end were due to compressive/bending loads. Dimensional measurements indicate discrepancies in the ovality between the failed and unfailed plungers. Ovality in the failed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... be determined in tensile and compressive tests. Process Cause of failure Ductility parameter (a) Buckling parameters (b) Splitting Buckling Brake forming x … 6.3 mm (ε in 0.25 in.) (c) … Dimpling x … 51 mm (ε in 2.0 in.) (d) … Beading … … … … Drop hammer x … 13 mm (ε...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... the original cross section of the tube during bending: Equipment: special tooling, rotary draw of compression bending machines Materials: all ductile materials Process Variations: rotary draw bending, compression bending, ram bending, press bending Applications: manufacturing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of the strength condition for the surface layer. Loading characteristics are typical distributions of stresses across the section of a component or specimen for the investigated types of loading: tensile-compressive, bending, or torque. For smooth specimens, their determination does not present any problems. Some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... in a Wheatstone bridge circuit. Source: Ref 15.6 Load cells usually come in a variety of different shapes and designs, such as columns, beams, and rings, with strain gages bonded onto them. The size, type of force measured (tensile, compressive, bending, shear), and cost are some of the factors...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... steering linkages. Compression members such as these must be straight, because any bend between the points of load application greatly reduces the ability to resist buckling. It is also important to locate the compressively loaded material on the outer edges of an axially loaded member, as a simple...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Tension Loading Torsional Loading Compression Loading Bending Loading Fatigue Summary Stress systems are best studied by examining free-body diagrams, which are simplified models of complex stress systems. Figure 1 shows the orientation of the normal (tensile and compressive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... Impact damage after the fracture occurs can produce parallel smear lines that may resemble striations. This kind of damage also may occur when opposite sides of the fatigue fracture rub against each other during compression or shear loading of a crack. For example, a shaft in rotating bending has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... for defects potentially occurring in roll-formed products. Principles of Roll Forming The major mode of deformation during roll forming is transversal or lateral bending. During deformation of the metal strip, a stress distribution with tensile and compressive stresses occurs in the bending zone...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... thickness. The stress is zero at the neutral axis. The pie-shaped sketch in Fig. 12 depicts the changing tensile and compressive stresses in the bend zone. Because the tensile stresses go from zero (at point 0) to a maximum value at point X on the outside surface, the stress-strain curve developed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
.... Source: Ref 31 Fig. 8.30 Effect of shot peening on residual macrostress distributions in a carburized surface (initially with tensile residual stress at the surface). Source: Ref 32 Fig. 8.34 Effect of saturation time on the bending fatigue strength of pinion teeth (pack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-point test has the advantage that uniform tensile or compressive stresses are produced over the area between the loading points, not just under the center loading point, as in the three-point bending test. WHEN HIGH-STRENGTH composites were first developed in the 1960s, the same test methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... compressive stress and core carbon. Source: Ref 13 , 14 Fig. 6.15 Relationship between fatigue limit and surface residual stress for the Cr-Mn-Ti steel referred to in Fig. 6.14 . Generally (a) A reduction in surface compressive stresses leads to (b) A reduction in bending fatigue resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... compression, radial tension, circumferential compression); Zone C-D: The die corner radius (bending and friction); Zone D-E: The wall of the cup (tension and potential fracture); Zone E-F: The punch corner radius (bending and friction); Zone F-G: The flat circular bottom (friction and near zero strain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... center point between the wheels, as shown schematically in Fig. 5.13 . This bending will cause the metal to be pulled apart at the location T and also to be pushed together at the location C . This means that the metal will undergo a tensile stress at T and a compressive stress at C . Therefore...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... characteristics of gear steels and the bending fatigue strength and properties of carburized steels are reviewed. In addition to wrought steels, the chapter provides information on the other iron-base alloys that are used for gears, namely cast carbon and alloy steels, gray and ductile cast irons, powder...