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compound layer

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... ( No. 2 ), 1987 , p 47 – 51 21.78 Bell T. , Ferritic Nitrocarburizing , Heat Treatment of Metals , Vol 2 , 1975 , p 39 – 49 21.79 Somers M.A.J. and Mittemeijer E.J. , Formation and Growth of Compound Layer on Nitrocarburizing Iron: Kinetics and Microstructural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... it from carbonitriding, because nitrocarburizing is done with steels in their ferritic, rather than austenitic, phase. The primary objective of such treatments is usually to improve antiscuffing characteristics of ferrous engineering components by providing the surface with a compound layer—really...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., but only below ~500 °C. Fig. 12.29 (Part 2) (f) Variation of hardness with depth beneath the compound layer in the carbonitrided bar illustrated in Fig. 12.28 and 12.29 . Fig. 12.29 (Part 1) Carbonitriding of a low-carbon steel. 0.15% C (0.17C-0.05Si-0.64Mn, wt%). Carbonitrided...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... mils) 50–70 Most ferrous metals including cast iron Usually used for thin hard cases <25 μm (<1 mil), no white layer, most are proprietary processes Ion Diffused nitrogen nitrogen compounds 340–565 (650–1050) 75 μm–0.75 mm (3–30 mils) 50–70 Alloy steels, nitriding steels, stainless...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... Identifies the phases present in the compound layer on carbonitrided low-carbon steels. Immerse at room temperature. Identifies locations of solidification grain boundaries of austenite in ferritic weld metal. Enhances contrast between ferrite grains. Produces good distinction between lightly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... consists of several layers ( Table 3 and Fig. 7 ). Those closest to the base metal are composed of iron-zinc compounds; these, in turn, can be covered by an outer layer consisting almost entirely of zinc. The complex structure of layers that comprise a galvanized coating varies greatly in chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
...) As plated. Source: Ref 22 Weld surfacing processes Table 14 Weld surfacing processes Process Approximate deposit thickness (min), mm Deposition rate, kg/h Dilution single layer, % Typical uses Oxyacetylene (OAW) 1.5 ≤1 1–5 Small area deposits on light sections Powder weld...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels, cobalt and nickel alloys Produces a hard compound layer; mostly applied over hardened tool steels; high process temperature can cause distortion Aluminizing Siliconizing Chromizing Titanium Carbide Coatings Boronizing Sections of this chapter were adapted from Surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... from such products may have undetected defects or degradations. Reclaimed parts may also have defects induced during the reclamation procedures, such as damaged terminations, popcorn damage in the molding compound, and delamination of the molding compound from the die attach [5] . Apart from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... between the metal and the deposit ( Ref 6.1 ). The interaction of these compounds with the protective magnetite layer under reducing conditions dissolves the magnetite layer and results in corrosion of the tube surface. Eventually, tube wall thickness is reduced to such an extent that under high-metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Wood J.M. , and Frey F.W. , 1967 . Chemical Vapor Deposition of Beryllium Metal , Proceedings of the Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition of Refractory Metals, Alloys and Compounds ( Gatlinburg, TN ), Schaffhauser A.C. , Ed., p 205 – 216 Selected References Selected...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the surface; these are alloys in the true sense of the word. The layers of hot dip galvanized steel are a good example. The outer surface is soft eta-phase pure zinc, next is a layer of hard, brittle zeta iron-zinc compound (FeZn 13 ), then a layer of ductile delta iron-zinc compound (FeZn 7 ), next a thin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... into the material, forming a substantial solution-hardened zone beneath the outer compound layer. This is effective in improving fatigue strength, because the solution-hardened zone strengthens the metallic matrix and serves as a barrier to the propagation of cracks. Surface hardening of cast iron stamping dies...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of the package. Acoustic microscopy is well suited to plastic package inspection. Although the plastic mold compound strongly attenuates sound and thereby limits resolution, the planar, layered design of IC packages is ideal for acoustic inspection. The typically featureless and planar front surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... No. 2 diesel fuel 0.55 0.45 Jet A fuel 0.52 0.40 Aviation oil 0.65 0.60 Source: Ref 3 Maximum absorption in sheet molding compounds exposed to different environments Table 15.2 Maximum absorption in sheet molding compounds exposed to different environments Substance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...X-ray fluorescence spectrometry analysis of scale sample Table 6.19 X-ray fluorescence spectrometry analysis of scale sample Element/Compound Amount by wt.% SiO 2 0.68 SO 3 0.25 CaO 0.011 MnO 0.43 Na 2 O 0.74 P 2 O 5 0.25 Cr 2 O 3 2.62 NiO 1.74...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...: Lubrication, Friction, and Wear , American Society for Metals , 1983 . 10.1007/BF02833697 [Schmoeckel et al., 1997] Schmoeckel D. , Rupp M. , ” More Environment Friendly Cold Massive Forming—Production of Steel without Zinc Phosphate Layer, ” Symposium, Latest Developments in Massive...