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compacted iron

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the composition and morphology of compacted graphite (CG) iron relative to that of gray and ductile iron. It explains that the graphite in CG iron is intermediate in shape between the spheroidal graphite found in ductile iron and the flake graphite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discusses composition, microstructure, heat treatments, and the classification and casting characteristics of white, gray, ductile, malleable, compacted graphite, and special cast irons. chemical composition compacted graphite cast iron ductile cast iron gray cast iron heat treatment malleable...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., and examines the growth mechanisms and structural details that set them apart. It also discusses the formation of compacted (vermicular) graphite and malleable iron, and compares and contrasts the composition, properties, and heat treatment of whiteheart and blackheart malleable types. chilled cast iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., V, Cr, Sn, Mo, and Mn) promote the formation of cementite. This chapter examines the relative potencies of these alloys and their effect on microstructure. It covers the five most common commercial cast irons, including white, gray, ductile, malleable, and compacted graphite, describing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... powder can be compacted to a higher density and, consequently, permits the manufacture of parts possessing higher mechanical properties, or a more compressible powder permits the use of a smaller and less expensive compaction press. Typical compressibility curves for aluminum, copper, and iron powders...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Solid-state reduction of iron ore and atomization of molten iron are the most common methods of producing iron powders for structural parts. The powder thus produced should be favorable for compaction such that: It fills the die cavity repeatably, which is measured in terms of the apparent density...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... compressibility, a powder should have good deformability, as indicated by low hardness, and/or low yield strength. In comparison to plain iron powder, stainless steel powders require substantially higher compacting pressures because of their high alloy content, which increases their hardness and work-hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Bufferd A.S. , Widmer R. , and Grand N. , 1964 . “ Fine Beryllium Powder Made by Attritioning ,” ASD-TDR-62-509, Vol 3 , Beryllium Research and Development Program Bunshah R.F. , and Juntz R.S. , 1963 . “ Isostatic Compaction of Particulate Pure Metals without...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... used for compaction of iron and low-alloy steel powders. Because information on these types of compacting equipment is covered in detail in a number of books on PM (including Ref 1 ), those details are not covered here. Bodycote Powdermet AB, Sweden, manufactures pressure vessel components, valve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... names associated with a mechanical property, such as malleable iron and ductile iron . More recently, compacted graphite iron and austempered ductile iron have been introduced. This section examines each of these cast irons. Gray Iron White Iron Malleable Iron Ductile Iron Compacted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... pressure, the green expansion of the material being compacted, and the rigidity of the die. Green expansion, also known as spring out , is the difference between the ejected part size and the die size. A typical value of green expansion for a powder mix based on atomized iron powder pressed at relatively...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...., Institute of Materials , London, U.K. , 1998 , p 1477 – 1488 2. Huang H.S. , Lin Y.C. , and Hwang K.S. , Effect of Lubricant Addition on the Powder Properties and Compacting Performance of Spray Dried Molybdenum Powders , Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. , Vol 20 , 2002 , p 175...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... 88 – 94 4. Fan Y.L. , Hwang K.S. , Wu S.H. , and Liau Y.C. , Minimum Amount of Binder Removal Required during Solvent Debinding of Powder Injection Molded Compacts , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 40 , 2009 , p 768 – 779 10.1007/s11661-008-9760-6 5. Camargo...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Federation , Princeton, NJ , 1984 13.4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit , accessed 2007 Metals usually are cast into molds of sand, another refractory material, or another metal. Steel and iron are cast into sand or refractory molds. Gold, silver, and refractory metals are cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...How oxygen and iron contents change the properties of titanium alloys (annealed sheet) Table 4.1 How oxygen and iron contents change the properties of titanium alloys (annealed sheet) Material Maximum impurity content,% Minimum tensile strength Minimum yield strength (a) Oxygen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Relations of Powder Characteristics to the Elastic Modulus and Shrinkage of Sintered Ferrous Compacts , J. Iron Steel Inst. (U.K.) , Vol 168 , 1951 , p 346 – 358 8.1 Fundamental Relationships 8.2 Powder Metallurgy Magnetic Materials 8.3 Physical Properties 8.2.1 Effect of Density...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... powders designed for die compaction. In die compaction powders, small particle alloying additions are intentionally glued onto the surface of large powders. An example is when low concentrations of graphite and nickel are bonded to iron. The graphite and nickel particles are comparatively small, so...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... as a soft phase to enable particle sliding and deformation. Fig. 6.7 Example of compaction data illustrating how particle hardness influences green density. The aluminum is very soft and easy to compact, but the composite (aluminum-iron) is harder and resists densification. Source: Lange et al. ( Ref...